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"In the treasury of nature, there are many Gems; those only are worth carrying away, which we know how to set" --Honigberger

samuelNon Inutilis Vixi (Not lived in vain)
Dr. C. F. Samuel Hahnemann

Educational Regulations

Educational RegulationsIndex

 

CENTRAL COUNCIL OF HOMOEOPATHY

 

In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (j) of section 33 of the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973), and in supersession of the Homoeopathy (Minimum Standards of Education) Regulations, 1983, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Council of Homoeopathy, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, hereby makes the following regulations, namely:-


1.

Short title and commencement:

(1)

These regulations may be called the Homoeopathy Central Council (Minimum Standards Requirement of Homoeopathic Colleges and attached Hospitals) Regulations 2013.

(2)

They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

2.

Definitions: In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires:-

(a)

Act means the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973);

(b)

attached hospital means a teaching Homoeopathic Hospital attached to the Homoeopathic College;

(c)

college means a medical college of Homoeopathy, whether known as such or by any other name, in which a person under goes a course of study and training including any Post Graduate Course of Study and training, which will qualify him for the award of a recognised medical qualification in Homoeopathy;

(d)

Courses means the courses of study in Homoeopathy, namely:

(i) B.H.M.S. (Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
(ii) M.D. (Hom.) [Doctor of Medicine (Homoeopathy)] in various specialties.

(e)

diploma means a Diploma in Homoeopathy as defined in clause

(iii) of regulation 2 of the Homoeopathy (Diploma Course) Regulations, 1983;

(f)

degree means a Degree in Homoeopathy as defined in clause

(iv) of regulation 2 of the Homoeopathy (Graded Degree Course) Regulations, 1983 or in clause
(iv) of regulation 2 of the Homoeopathy (Degree Course) Regulations, 1983;

(g)

Post Graduation in Homoeopathy means a Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy recognized as per the provisions of the Act;

(h)

Teaching Experience means teaching experience in the subject concerned in a Homoeopathic College and includes teaching experience in the subject concerned in a Medical College permitted by the Central Government;

(i)

the words and expression used herein and not defined, but defined in the Act shall have the respective meanings assigned to them in the Act.

3

Fulfillment of minimum standard requirements.-

  (1)

The college and attached hospital(s) shall fulfill the minimum standards requirements of infrastructure and teaching and training facilities referred to in the regulations 4 to 13.

  (2) For exposure of the students in the clinical field and to understand the depth of operative surgery and operative Gynecology or Obstetrics as well as management in critical illnesses, a college shall have a Memorandum of Understanding with a reputed nearby located super-specialty hospital (of modern medicine) with all required facilities of operation theatre, labor room, Intensive Care Unit and other required facilities for the management of critical patients.
  (3) In case an attached hospital of a college does not have the facilities to handle operation theatre and other critical patients, the students of such a college can be deputed under the strict supervision of concerned teaching faculty of the college for the required exposure in the said field to the attached super specialty hospital.
  (4) The existing colleges and their attached hospitals established under section 12A of the Act and those colleges and their hospitals established prior to the 28th January, 2003 and recognized by the Central Council of Homoeopathy shall fulfill the minimum standards requirements of infrastructure teaching and training facilities referred to in these regulations by the 31st December, 2014 for consideration of grant of permission for undertaking admissions in the coming academic years.
  (5) If a college fulfills the requirement by 31st December, 2014 as per these regulations, it shall be granted permission to undertake admissions for a period not exceeding five years during which the college shall not be inspected, except for random checks on receipt of any complaint, or otherwise as deemed necessary either by the Central Government or by the Central Council of Homoeopathy.
  (6) The Central Council shall visit the college suo moto three months before the expiry of permission.
  (7) The conditional permission shall be granted only to those colleges which are fulfilling at least the requirement of teachers as specified in Schedule-IV, the requirement of functional hospital as specified at sub-regulation (2) of regulation 7 and availability of equipment as specified in schedule-III for each academic year 2013-14 and 2014-15 on the basis of the separate inspections to be carried out by the Central Council of Homoeopathy after the 15th May, 2013 for the academic year 2013-14 and after the 31st December, 2013 for the academic year 2014-15.
  (8) Such conditional permitted colleges or those colleges which have been denied permissions during the academic year 2013-14 and/or 2014-15, will be required to fulfill the requirements as specified in these regulations by the 31st December, 2014.
  (9) All the existing colleges, which are not able to achieve full compliance of the requirement as specified in these regulations by the 31st December, 2014, shall be denied permission from academic year 2015-16 onwards and action as envisaged under section 19 of the Act shall be initiated against all such colleges apart from rejection of their applications under sections 12A, which have been under consideration by way of conditional permissions or denials.
4

Requirement of land-

  The land required for establishment of a college including attached hospitals and adequate infrastructure shall be as prescribed in the Establishment of New Medical College (Opening of New or Higher Course of Study or Training and Increase of Admission Capacity by a Medical College) Regulations, 2011:
Provided that the said land requirement is not applicable for the colleges established prior to notification of these regulations in the Official Gazette.
5

Requirement of minimum constructed area :-

  The college, attached hospital and other allied infrastructure shall have the constructed area as prescribed in Schedule- I.
Provided that the said space requirement shall not be applicable for the colleges established prior to notification of these regulations in the Official Gazette.
6

Admission capacity:-

  The annual intake capacity in undergraduate course will be in the slabs of sixty and hundred. If any college has the intake capacity less than sixty or within sixty one to hundred seats, it has to comply the requirements for sixty or hundred seats respectively, as mentioned in the respective Schedule.
7

Requirements of teaching hospital:-

  (1)

The teaching hospital shall fulfill all the statutory requirements of the concerned State or Union territory or local authority to establish and run the hospital and shall submit the updated certified copies of such permission(s) or clearance(s) to the Central Government and the Central Council of Homoeopathy, and the concerned State Government or Union territory shall verify the availability of such permission(s) or clearance(s) before issuing the No Objection Certificate to such applicant college.

  (2)

Requirement of beds, bed occupancy and Out-Patient Department attendance: The ratio of students with number of beds, bed occupancy and Out-Patient Department attendance shall be as given in the Table below for B.H.M.S. course:

   
 
Intake capacity per yea

Minimum number of beds in In- Patient Department

Minimum per day average number of patients in Out- Patient Department during last one calendar year(365 days) (1:2)

Minimum per day average number of patients in In- Patient Department during last one calendar year(365 days)

Up to 60 students

20

120

30 percent.

61-100 students

25

200
 

Provided that for the Post Graduate courses, colleges have to fulfill the additional requirement of bed in view of the provisions of Homoeopathy (Post Graduate Degree Course) M.D. (Hom.) Regulations, 1989 (as amended from time to time).

  (3) Maintenance of Record of Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department patients: The college and hospital shall maintain the computerised central registration system for maintaining the records of patients in Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department, and shall also maintain the Department wise Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department records, case papers of Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department patients, laboratory and radiological investigation reports, medicines dispensing register, diet register for In-Patient Department patients, duty roster of hospital staff, birth and death certificates,etc. to substantiate the claim of genuine functional Homoeopathic teaching hospital fulfilling the norms as specified in the sub-regulation
  (4) Space requirement: The hospital shall be suitably spacious to accommodate Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department in addition to reception, patients waiting area, dispensing room, dressing room, clinical laboratory, radiology section, medical record-room, operation theatre, labor room, store room, separate wards for male and female, duty rooms for doctors, nurses and other staff required for a functional hospital, and the specification of built-up area in the attached hospital shall be as per Schedule-I(A).
Provided that the said space requirement is not applicable for the colleges established prior to notification of these regulations in the Official Gazette.
  (5) Outdoor Patient Department: The hospital shall have Out-Patient Department section as per Schedule-I(A).
  (6) In-Patient Department: The indoor patient department of the hospital shall have separate male and female wards, and distribution of beds shall be as under-
General Medicine 50% (Acute 10% and Chronic 40%)
Paediatrics 10%
Surgery 20%
Obstetrics/Gynaecology 20%
  (7) There shall be a clinical laboratory in the hospital complex with proper infrastructure and manpower as specified in the respective Schedules for carrying out routine, pathological, biochemical and hematological investigation on the patients referred from out door and indoor department of the hospital.
  (8) Hospital staff: The minimum staff required for the attached hospital shall be as specified in Schedule-II and it shall be liable to be increased proportionately in accordance with the increase in required bed strength.
8.

Infrastructure requirements of college:-

 

The minimum requirement of constructed floor area and essential facilities for various components of a college will be in proportionate with admission capacity as per Schedule-I(B).
Provided that the said space requirement is not applicable for the colleges established prior to notification of these regulations in the Official Gazette.

9

Requirements of College:-

  (1) Teaching Staff: There shall be minimum teaching faculty as per Schedule-IV for B.H.M.S. degree Course (including for conducting graded degree Course) and for Post Graduate degree course additional as per Schedule-V.
  (2) Teachers or consultants of modern medicine: Teachers or Consultants of modern medicine like Pathologist, Radiologist, Anaesthetist, Gynaecologist, Physician, Surgeon, Opthalmologist, Pediatrician, Dentist, etc. may be appointed on contract basis or part time or on call basis, and these teachers or consultants shall be in addition to the teaching faculty as prescribed in Schedule-IV.
  (3) Age of superannuation of teachers: The age of superannuation of teachers shall be as per the Central Government or State Government or University Grants Commission norms as applicable to that particular college, and the retired teachers fulfilling the eligibility norms of teachers can be re-employed upto the age of sixty five years as full time teacher.
  (4) Requirement of technical and other staff: The technical and other staff in various units and departments of the college shall be as per the details given in Schedule-VI.
10

Miscellaneous requirements:-

  (1) College Council: Every medical College or Medical Institution shall have a College Council comprising of the Head of Departments as members and Principal or Director as Chairperson.
  (2) The Council shall meet at least four times in a year to draw up the details of curriculum and training programme, enforcement of discipline and other academic matters.
  (3) The Council shall also organise inter-departmental meetings like grand rounds, statistical meetings and clinical meetings including periodical research review in the institution regularly.
  (4) College website: Each and every college or institute shall have its own website containing the following details, which are to be updated in the first week of every month, namely:-
  (a) Details of Director or Principal and Medical Superintendent including their name, age, registration number, qualification, date of joining, complete address with telephone or mobile numbers and subscriber trunk dialing code, fax and E-mail, etc;
  (b) Details of teaching staff along with their photograph, registration number, date of birth, qualification, experience, Department etc;
  (c) Non-teaching staff of college and hospital staff along with their department;
  (d) Details of the sanctioned intake capacity of various courses, undergraduate, as well as, Post Graduate;
  (e) List of students admitted , merit-wise, category-wise (Under Graduate and Post Graduate) for the current and previous academic years;
  (f) Any research publications during last one year;
  (g) Details of any Continuous Medical Education programme, conferences and /or any academic acclivities conducted by the institution;
  (h) Details of any awards and achievement received by the students or faculty;
  (i) Details of the affiliated University and its Vice-Chancellor and Registrars;
  (j) Result of all the examinations of last one year;
  (k) Detailed status of recognition of all the courses;
  (l) Details of clinical material in the hospital.
  (5) Biometric Attendance: It is desirable to have biometric attendance supported with web camera based computerised attendance system for teaching, non-teaching college staff and hospital staff.
11

Phase wise specific requirement of new colleges:-

  (1) (1) A medical college or institution seeking permission for starting Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery Course under the provisions of section 12A of the Act, shall have the requisite infrastructure, teaching staff, laboratory facility for the concerned subjects as specified in the Schedule-IB, Schedule-III, Schedule-IV, Schedule-V, and Schedule-VI at the time of inspection for granting permission.
  (2) The permission to establish a medical college and admit students may be granted initially for a period of one year and may be renewed on yearly basis subject to verification of fulfillment of year-wise requirements as mentioned under sub-regulation (1), and it shall be the responsibility of the college to apply to the Central Council of Homoeopathy for purpose of renewal six months prior to the expiry of the initial permission, which process will continue till such time the establishment of the medical college is completed for passing-out of the first batch.
12

Qualification of head of the institute or college, hospital and teaching departments and teachers:-

  The Director or Principal, Medical Superintendent, Professors, Readers and Lecturers of college and hospital shall have the qualification and experience prescribed in these regulations, and the qualification of teaching staff and hospital staff shall be as laid down in Schedule- VII:

Provided that the teaching experience in the concerned subject of persons appointed as regular teaching staff in the colleges, prior to notification of these amended regulations, fulfilling the prescribed requirements of Homoeopathy (Minimum Standards of Education) Regulations, 1983 shall be counted for appointment of teaching staff as per Schedule- IV to these regulations:

Provided further that the teaching faculty appointed on the basis of the Homoeopathy (Minimum Standards of Education) Regulations, 1983 will be covered under these regulations for all cadres.

Explanation.- for the purposes of this regulation, teaching experience of a Teacher in a subject shall be the teaching experience counted for that subject only: Provided also that these regulations shall not be applicable on teaching faculty appointed on prescribed post before this notification.
13

List of equipment.-

  To ensure proper provision of teaching and training material to the students, the college shall possess essentially required equipment in various departments, hospital, laboratories, dissection hall, library, pharmacy and other units of the college as per Schedule-III.
14

Power of Central Council to call for information and returns:-

  The Central Council of Homoeopathy shall have the power to call for such information and returns as it may deem fit from examining bodies, and colleges shall furnish the said information and returns in triplicate within the time specified by the Central Council:

Provided that if the examining bodies and/or colleges fail to provide the information and return to Central Council of Homoeopathy within the specified time limit, the said Central Council shall recommend for action against the concerned examining body or college under section 19 of the Act assuming that the concerned examining body or college is not complying with the regulation.
15

Co-operation with Inspectors and visitors:--

  Every college shall provide all necessary information, documents and records to the Inspectors and visitors appointed by the Central Council of Homoeopathy to discharge their duties and functions demanded by them during the inspection.

SCHEDULE-I

(See sub-regulation (1) of regulation 5, sub-regulations (4) an (5) of regulation 7, regulation 8 and sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11)

(A) BREAK OF BUILT UP AREA REQUIREMENT OF AN ATTACHED HOSPITAL TO HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE

 
S.No. Particulars

Built up area (in sq.mt.)

Upto 60 students intake From 61 to 100 students intake
(1)

Hospital Administration Block

(a) Superintendent Room

(b) Rooms for Senior Medical Officer

(c) Staff Nurse

(d) Reception & Registration

50

50

(2)

Out-Patient Department (OPD)

(i) Medicine

(ii) Gynaecology and Obstetrics

(iii) Paediatrics and Reproductive & Child Health

(i) Dressing Room

(ii)Dispensary

(iii) Store

100

100

(3)

In Patient Department (IPD)

(i) General Medicine (Male and Female Ward Separately)

(ii) Paediatrics

(iii) Surgery (Male and Female Ward Separately)

(iv) Obstetrics/Gynaecology

(v) Toilets and Bathroom (Separate for Male and Female)

(vi) Doctors Duty Room

(vii) Nursing Stations/Duty Room

325

350

(4)

Operation Theatre Unit

(a) Operation Theatre
(b) Preparation Room
(c) Post Operative Recovery Room
(d) Space for Sterlised Linen
(e) Labor Room
(f) Rooms for Surgeon/Obstetrician/Assistants
(h) Nursing Staff Room

100

100

(5)

Rehabilitation Unit including Physio-therapy and Yoga

30

40

(6)

Central Clinical Laboratory

(a) Pathology& Microbiology
(b) Bio-chemistry

30

40

(7)

Radiology and Sonography Section
X-ray Room, Dark Room, Provisions for storing films and chemicals

40 40
(8)

Hospital Kitchen

18 20
(9)

Stores

22 25
 

Total

715

765

 

(B) INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS OF A COLLEGE

S.No. Particulars

Built up area (in sq.mt.)

Upto 60 students intake From 61 to 100 students intake
(1)

Administrative Section: This shall includes Principal Room, Reception, Visitors Room, Committee Room, Administration and Account Section, Record Room, separate Toilet for male and female

50

50

(2)

Lecture Halls there shall be 5 Lecture Halls with capacity to accommodate 60 / 100 students with proper facilities for Electricity Audio-Visual Aids, Fans/Coolers with separate toilet for Boys and Girls on Each Floor

100

100

(3)

Seminar/Examination Hall

325

350

(4)

Central Library with sitting capacity of atleast 50 60 students with reading room for teachers, separate reading room for P.G. students, Librarian Room. Library shall have atleast 2000 Books on prescribed subjects. The Library shall have newspaper, periodical, journal ( specifically for the subjects to be taught)

100

100

(5)

Teaching Department There shall be 12 teaching department for B.H.M.S. Course and 02 exclusive departments for P.G. level course in Psychiatry and Pediatrics. These departments shall have departmental room for teaching staff of atleast 40 sq.mtr. each along with museum (for anatomy, Physiology, Homoeopathic Pharmacy, History of Medicine, Materia Medica, Practice of Medicine, F.M.T., Gynaecology/Obstetrics, Community Medicine separately alongwith space for Laboratory (for Physiology including Bio-chemistry separate labs., Pathology, Pharmacy) and Dissection Hall for Anatomy Department with area wise requirement given under

50

90

(a) Anatomy with a well ventilated dissection hall with wash basin, storage for cadaver and museum with facility of histology demonstration 60 90
(b) Physiology with separate laboratories for Physiology and Biochemistry, Museum and Demonstration room 60 90
(c) *Homoeopathic Pharmacy Laboratory with Museum cum Demonstration Room 60 90
(d) Pathology Laboratory with Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(e) Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(f) Community Medicine Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(g) *Practice of Medicine Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(h) Gynaecology & Obstetrics Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(i) Surgery Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(j) *Homoeopathic Materia Medica Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(k) *Organon of Medicine including History of Medicine Museum cum Demonstration Room 40 60
(l) *Repertory with Computer Lab & Demonstration Room 40 60
(m) *Psychiatry 40 60
(n) * Paediatrics 40 60

Note: * The subjects marked are for M.D. Hom. Courses as such P.G. Level Colleges shall provide atleast 60 sq.mtr. space for P.G. Students Discussion Rooms, P.G. Teaching Faculty and Departmental Library in addition to what has been suggested above.

(6)

Common Rooms for Boys and Girls with adequate sitting arrangement and locker

25

40

(7)

Canteen Facility in the college premises

40 75
 

Total

1210

1875


SCHEDULE-II
(See sub-regulation (8) of regulation7)

MINIMUM STRENGTH OF STAFF OF HOSPITAL ATTACHED TO A HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE

Sl No Name of the Post For 20 beds For 25 beds For 50 beds For 51 to 100 beds
1 Medical Superintendent 1 1 1 1
2 Senior Medical officer 1 1 1 1
3 Medical Officer 2 2 2 4
4 Resident Medical Officer 1 1 2 2
5 Surgeon (General Surgery)** 1 1 1 1
6 Anesthetist* On Call On Call On Call On Call
7 Obstetrician/Gynaecologist** 1 1 1 1
8 Radiologist* On Call On Call On Call On Call
9 Pathologist/ Biochemist** 1 1 1 1
10 House Physician (Resident)*** 2 2 5 8
11 Dispenser 1 1 2 2
12 Laboratory Technician 1 1 1 2
13 X-ray Technician/Radiographer On Call On Call 1 1
14 Dresser 1 1 1 1
15 X-ray Attendant On Call On Call 1 1
16 Nursing Staff Incharge 1 1 1 1
17 Nursing Staff 2 3 7 9
18 Ward Boys/Ayas 3 4 7 9
19 Store Keeper 1 1 1 1
20 Registration Clerk/Telephone Operator 1 1 1 1
21 Yoga Expert On Call On Call 1 1
22 Physiotherapist On Call On Call 1 1
23 Dietician (Part Time) 1 1 1 1
24

Every Homoeopathic Hospital shall engage adequate secretarial and Accounts staff for running the hospital smoothly.

25

Auxiliary staff like Lab Attendant, Dark Room Attendant shall be as per requirement.

26

The College and Hospital authorities shall make arrangements either by adequate staff of its own or through a contractor for looking after the jobs like cleanliness, laundry, hospital catering, gardening and watch and ward duties in the premises of the hospital.

27 Hospital reception, Out-Patient Department registration, In-Patient Department registration, Medical record room, Accounts section shall be properly manned and preferably computerised.
 

Note-
* The Principal may be the Medical Superintendent of the attached Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital under normal circumstances. However, as an exception, if Principal is not holding the charge of Medical Superintendent of the attached Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital, then an independent Medical Superintendent shall be appointed.

** Teachers in the Departments of Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pathology, Biochemistry can be deputed as surgeon, obstetrician/gynaecologist, pathologist and biochemist respectively amongst hospital staff.

*** For Post Graduate level colleges, M.D. Hom students shall work as House Physician in Hospital attached to their college.

^ At any point of time, the existing colleges shall have full strength of teaching staff.

SCHEDULE III
(See sub-regulation (7) of regulation 3, sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11 and regulation 13)

The college shall provide the equipment specified below:-

1. Department of Anatomy

1 Dissection Tables with marble tops or stainless steel (6 x 1 x2 x3 ) 4
2 Dissection set complete As required
3 Saw for sectioning body and limbs 1
4 Storage tanks to hold cadavers As required
5 Teaching \materials like Models, charts, diagrams, slides soft part, Mummyfied bodies, bones, latest diagrams etc. -do-
6 Microscope (Medical) 25

2. Department of Physiology

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Medical Microscope 25
2 Equipment for ESR estimation/ Westergren s pipette for ESR on stand 25(with spare pipettes)
3 Haematocrit tubes 30 (with spares)
4 Auto Analyzer or Semi Auto Aalyzer 01
5 Haemoglobinometer Sahli 25(with spare)
6 Haemocytometer 25(with spare)
7 Sphygmomanometer 25
8 Stethoscope 25
9 Clinical thermometer (Digital) 25
10 Knee hammer 25
11 Tuning forks to test hearing (32-10000 hzs) 1 set
12 Stethographs or pneumographs 5
13 Electrocardiograph (ECG Machine) 1
14 Electronic Stop Watches 1/10 sec. 04
15 Glass Distillation (double) apparatus 01
16 Centrifuge (Medium speed) 02
17 Colorimeter (photo electric) 02
18 pH Meter electric 02
19 Colour perception lantern (Edridge Green) 01
20 Incubator 01
21 Educational CD, DVD, films, slides, models with Audio Visual Aids As required
22 Perimeter 03
23 Spirometer 01
24 Tonometer 01
25 Handgrip dynamometer 01
26 Bicycle Ergometer 01

Animal Experiments demonstration shall be done with the help of Audio-visual Aids.

Biochemistry:

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Electronic/Monopan Balance 1
2 Centrifuge 1
3 Balance, chemical/ordinary 2
4 Water baths 2
5 Urinometer 25
6 Hydrometer (0.700 to 1.00) 2
7 Albuminometers 10
8 Glucometer 10
9 Thermometer 10
10 Colorimeter 1
11 Hot air oven 14 x14 x14 (Electric) 1
12 Double Distillation apparatus Glass 10
13 Centrifuge, medium speed, electric 1
14 Glass warelike pipette, beakers, burettes, wire gouge with asbestos, centre hot plate, stove, syringes, burners, rubber tubing stands clamps, flash etc. As required
15 pH meter 1

Department of Pathology and Microbiology:

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Hot air oven (50 C) for special standing 1
2 Centrifuge machine electric Rotofix 2
3 Water bath, electric 4
4 Glass ware, stains, chemical reagents for histopathology etc. As required
5 Incubator 2
6 Haemocytometer with R.B.C and W.B.C pipettes 25
7 Haemoglobinometer Sahli s types 25
8 Autoclave 2
9 Anaerobic apparatus 2
10 Stopwatch sec 2
11 pH meter 1
12 Microscopes with oil immersion 25
13 High power Centrifuge for serological/Hematological work 1
14 E.S.R Westergreen/Wintrobe 2 set each
15 Colony counter 1
16 Material for preparation of media As required
17 Material for preparation of stain -do-
18 Coplin Jars 02
19 Computer with accessories 01
20 Machine for estimation for blood sugar and for other serological tests 01

PATHOLOGICAL SPECIMENS

Department of Community Medicine:

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Barometer (Fortein) 1
2 Lactometer 1
3 Hydrometer 1
4 Hydrometer wet and dry bulb 1
5 Filter Pasteum chamberland complete set 1
6 Museum having Models, charts and diagrams and other material concerning communicable diseases, diet, prophylactics, National Health programmes. As required
7 Immunization, community health, family welfare, Bio-statistics, Research Methodology, Sociology related information on display. As required
8 Slow Sand filter model/Filter Berk Field 01
9 Smokeless Chullah model 01
10 Rapid Sand filter model 01
11 Ideal well model 01
12 Refrigerator 01

Arrangements shall be made for taking the students to Health Check-up Camps , to Water Purification Plant, Milk Pasteurization Plant and also to industries (to make them understand about the Industrial Health Hazards).

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology:

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Weighing machine dial type human 1
2 Equipment for measuring height 1
3 Vernier calipers 1
4 Weapons (Blunt, Sharp & Pointed) 20

MODELS : 10
SPECIMENS (organic, inorganic, poisons and chemicals) 35

LIST OF ACTS and REGULATIONS :

 
1. Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
2 Consumer Protection Act, 1986
3 Workmen s Compensation Act, 1923
4 EmployeesState Insurance Act, 1948.
5 Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971
6 Dangerous Drug Act.
7 Mental Health Act, 1987
8 Indian Evidence Act, 1872
9 Lunacy Act.
10 Borstal Schools Act.
11 The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006.
12 Public Health Act.
13 Injuries Act.
14 The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954.
15 Homoeopathic Practitioners (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Code of Ethics) Regulations, 1982.
 

Department of Homoeopathic Pharmacy::

Sr.No Name of the Article Quantity
1 Pill tiles 25
2 Porcelain dishes 25
3 Crucibles with tongs 25
4 Pestles and mortars (Iron, Glass, Porcelain) 25
5 Water bath, metal/electric 25
6 Microscope (Student type) 05
7 Glass apparatus for filtration with vacuum 2
8 Thin layer chromatography apparatus 1
9 pH meter 2
10 Stop watch 25
11 Hydrometer 5
12 Alcoholometer 5
13 Lactometer 5
14 Electric potentiser (for P.G. Course) 2
15 Electric Triturator (for P.G. Course) 2
16 Water Still (Distilled Water Plant) 1
17 Percolater 5
18 Macerator 5
19 Botanical slides As required
20 Colorimeter (for P.G. Course) 01
21 Spectro Scope (for P.G. Course) 01
22 Dissecting Microscope 02
23 Distillation Apparatus (Glass) 1 set
24 Pyknometer (Specific Gravity Bottle) 02
25 Electronic Balance 01
26 Hot Air Oven 01
27 Chemical Balance 10
28 Physical Balance 01
29 Measuring glasses, all sizes As required
30 Miscellaneous-Chemicals, drugs, glass phials, glass rods, Funnels, filter paper etc. As required
  Note: The department shall have all available Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeias (including Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India). It shall also have all types of pharmaceutical vehicles

DEPARTMENT OF ORGANON OF MEDICINE
(a) Photograph of Founder and Philosophers in the field of Homoeopathy mentioning the Date of Birth/Death.

Sr. No.
1 Dr.J.T. Kent
2 Dr.J.T. Kent
3 Dr.Constantine Hering
4 Dr.Stuart Close
5 Dr.Herbert A. Roberts
6 Dr.J.H. Allen
7 Dr.T.F. Allen
8 Dr.H.C. Allen
9 Dr.Richard Hughes
10 Dr.C.V. Boenninghausen
11 Dr.M.L. Tyler
12 Dr.William Boericke
13 Dr.C.M. Boger
14 Dr.J.H. Clarke
15 Dr.C. Dunham
16 Dr.E.A. Farrnington
17 Dr.E.B. Nash
18 Dr.R.E. Dudgeon
19 Dr.Mahendra Lal Sirkar
20 Babu Rajendra Lal Dutta

 

(b) Teaching material on Organon of Medicine and Homoeopathic Philosophy & Psychology.

DEPARTMENT OF HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA:-

25 numbers of charts which should be educative for knowing medicines in homoeopathic Materia Medica. A number of drugs though belonging to one botanical family are taught in different years of Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery. So, charts showing drugs under one family and their main spheres of action in two to three lines will be helpful for getting broader idea regarding the drugs. Similarly interesting charts on Ophidia groups, Spider family, Nosodes and Sarcodes and other creative charts as mentioned below may be available in the Materia Medica department in addition to other educative materials.

Typical Picture-wise presentation of drugs (10 charts)

DEPARTMENT OF REPERTORY:

1. The Department shall be equipped with 05 computers PC/XT models with accessories and five software packages consisting of different repertories, especially Kent, Boenninghausen and Boricke.
Departmental Library adequate number of different repertories is to be kept for class demonstration and references.
15 charts on Repertory shall be provided

Indoor Homoeopathic Hospital shall be well equipped having functional medical, surgical, gynaecological and obstetrics wards.

S. No. Name of the articles For 25 beds From 26 to 50 beds From 51 to 100 beds
1 Iron beds (Simple, Surgical & Paediatrics) 25 50 100
2 Stretcher with trolley in each ward in each ward in each ward
3 Sterilizers 02 02 02
4 B.P. Instrument 05 08 10
5 Urine pots, male and female 10 10 20
6 Bed pans E.I. 10 10 20
7 Tongue depressor (Disposable) As required As required As required
8 Suction Machine 01 01 02
9 Suction tube As required As required As required
10 Artery forceps, small and big 06 each 12 each 18 each
11 Back rest 02 04 06
12 Oxygen cylinder with stand 1 in each ward 1 in each ward 1 in each ward
13 Dressing drums (big) 02 03 04
14 Diagnostic set (ENT) 1 in each ward 1 in each ward 1 in each ward
15 Infra-red lamp 1 1 1
16 Chair trolly with wheels 2 2 2
17 Refrigerator 1 1 2
18 Weighing Machine 2 4 6

OPERATION THEATRE:- A well equipped and functioning Operation theatre shall be provided for day to day working.

Note: Rehabilitation unit including Physiotherapy and Yoga facilities shall be provided as a separate unit in the hospital premises.
An Ambulance with all required facilities shall be provided as a part and parcel of

The Homoeopathic Teaching Hospital shall have well furnished separate dispensaries for its out-door and in-door departments containing sufficient stock of drugs. A first-Aid kit also be kept in Outdoor and Indoor departments/dispensaries. Such a Hospital shall have X-Ray, E.C.G., Screening and Sonography units, well equipped clinical laboratories.

SCHEDULE-IV
(See sub-regulation (7) of regulation 3, sub-regulation (1) and (2) of regulation 9, sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11 and proviso to regulation 12)

MINIMUM TEACHING STAFF FOR DEGREE COURSE Name of the Department

S. No.   Professor Associate Professor/Reader Assistant Professor/ Lecturer Professor Associate Professor/Reader Assistant Professor/ Lecturer
1 Anatomy 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
2 Physiology including Biochemistry 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
3 Organon of Medicine 1 or 1 1 1 1 1
4 Homoeopathic Pharmacy 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
5 Homoeopathic Materia Medica 1 or 1 1 1 1 1
6 Pathology & Microbiology 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
7 Forensic Medicine & Toxicology 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
8 Practice of Medicine* 1 or 1 1 1 1 1
9 Surgery 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
10 Obstetrician & Gynaecology 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
11 Community Medicine 1 or 1 1 1 or 1 1
12 Repertory* 1 or 1 1 1 1 1
 

Total

28

28

Only full-time faculty at all level.

(1) There shall be 24 Full Time Teaching Faculty and 8 Guest Faculty for admission upto 60 admissions.
(2) There shall be 28 Full Time Teaching Faculty and 12 Guest Faculty for admission from 61 to 100 admissions.
(3) Guest Faculty- The Professor or Associate Professor or Reader not appointed on full time basis shall be deputed as guest Faculty for three hours a week.
(4) Principal shall be one of the Professors of any department on full time basis and the Principal may be the Medical Superintendent, if there is no separate Medical Superintendent for such hospital.
(5) The deficiency of teachers shall not exceed more than 10 percent of total requirement with availability of at least one teacher in each department for seeking conditional permission to undertake admission.

SCHEDULE- V
(See sub-regulation (1) of regulation 9 and sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11)

Name of Department Professor or Associate Professor/ Reader From 26 to 50 beds
Organon of Medicine with Homoeopathic Philosophy 1 1
Homoeopathic Materia Medica including applied aspects 1 1
Repertory 1 1
Homoeopathic Pharmacy 1 1
Practice of Medicine 1 1
Paediatrics 1 1
Psychiatry 1 1

Note- The Essential qualification for appointing the Lecturer for Post Graduate courses shall be as prescribed in Homoeopathy (Post Graduate Degree Course) Regulations, 1989.

SCHEDULE-VI
(See sub-regulation (4) of regulation 9 and sub-regulation (1) of regulation 11)

The following supportive staff shall be essential in each department stated below.

Anatomy - Laboratory Attendant - 1
Physiology including Laboratory Technician - 1
Biochemistry Laboratory Attendant - 1
Homoeopathic Pharmacy Laboratory Attendant - 1
Pathology Laboratory Technician - 1
Microbiology Lab Attendant   1
Lab Attendant Full time qualified Librarian with Degree/Diploma in Library Sciences shall be appointed, who preferably has the knowledge of working on computers and internet.    
Library Assistant 1 for every 50 admission.    

In addition to the above staff prescribed herein, the college shall provide adequate supportive staff in each of the faculty, laboratory, library, and museum. The watch and ward duty, transport and sanitation shall be provided by the college from outsourcing or by appointment as the case may be.

SCHEDULE-VII
((See regulation 12)

(A)QUALIFICATIONS FOR TEACHING STAFF OF HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE.

1

PRINCIPAL/DIRECTOR

 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy and holding a post of not less than the teaching cadre of Professor in a Degree level Homoeopathic College for atleast two years. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

 

Degree/ Diploma in administration/Health Administration from any recognized institution.
Experience as Supervisor/Guide for Post Graduate programme in Homoeopathy and original publication in research.

 
2

PROFESSOR

  In subjects namely, Organon of Medicine, Homoeopathic Materia Medica, Homoeopathic Pharmacy, Repertory.
 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy with three years of teaching experience in the subject concerned as Associate Professor/Reader in a Homoeopathic college of degree level. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

1

Experience as Supervisor/Guide for Post Graduate programme in Homoeopathy and original publication in research.

2 Administrative experience in a Homoeopathic Medical college/ hospital.
3 Research experience in a research institution recognized by the concerned University and/or State Government or Central Government.
 
3

PROFESSOR

  In subjects namely, Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Practice of Medicine and Community Medicine.
1
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy with three years of teaching experience as Associate Professor/Reader in the concerned subject in a Homoeopathic College of degree level.
The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

(a)

Experience as Supervisor/Guide for Post Graduate programme in Homoeopathy and original publication in research.

(b) Administrative experience in Homoeopathic Medical College/ Hospital.

OR

2
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate Medical Degree in the concerned subject recognized by the Medical Council of India.
(ii) Three years teaching experience as Associate Professor/ Reader in the subject concerned in a degree level Homoeopathic College and/ or in a medical college permitted by the Central Government.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

Original research papers publication.

(ii) Research experience in a research institution recognized by the concerned University or State Government or Central Government.
 
4

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR/ READER IN HOMOEOPATHIC SUBJECTS: -

  In subjects namely, Organon of Medicine, Homoeopathic Materia Medica, Homoeopathic Pharmacy, Repertory.
 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy with four years of teaching experience as Assistant professor/ Lecturer in the concerned subject in a Homoeopathic College of Degree level. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

(i)

Experience as Supervisor/Co-supervisor or Guide/Co-Guide for Post Graduate Course in Homoeopathy.

(ii) Research experience in a research institution recognized by the concerned University or State Government or Central Government.
 
5

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR/ READER IN ALLIED MEDICAL SUBJECTS

  In subjects namely, Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Practice of Medicine and Community Medicine.
 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy with four years of teaching experience as Assistant professor/ Lecturer in the concerned subject in a Homoeopathic College of degree level. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

(a)

Experience as a Supervisor/Co-Supervisor or Guide/Co-Guide for Post Graduate Course in Homoeopathy.

(b) Research experience in a research institution recognized by the concerned University or State Government or Central Government.

OR

A

A. ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS:

 

Post Graduate Medical Degree in concerned subject recognized by the Medical Council of India with four years teaching experience as Lecturer in the subject concerned in a degree level Medical Institution/ Homoeopathic College.

B

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

  Original research papers publication.
Research experience in a research institution recognized by the concerned University/State/Central Govt.
 
6

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR/ LECTURER IN HOMOEOPATHIC SUBJECTS

  In subjects namely, Organon of Medicine, Homoeopathic Materia Medica, Homoeopathic Pharmacy, Repertory.
 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy preferably in the concerned subject. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Preference shall be given to those candidates who holds experience of working as R.M.O. and/or House Physicians in a Homoeopathic Hospital attached to a Homoeopathic Medical College permitted by Central Council/Central Government.

AGE :-

Not more than 40 years as on the last date of receipt of application for the post. Age is relaxable by 5 years maximum for exceptionally qualified persons with prior approval of the University concerned.

 
 
7

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR / LECTURER:

  In subjects namely, Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Practice of Medicine and Community Medicine.
 
A

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

  Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy. The qualification shall be the one included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Preference shall be given to those candidates who holds experience of working as R.M.O. and/or House Physicians in a Homoeopathic Hospital attached to a Homoeopathic Medical College permitted by Central Council/Central Government.

OR

Post Graduate Medical Degree in concerned subject recognized by the Medical Council of India. Preference shall be given to those candidates who holds experience of working as R.M.O. and/or House Physicians in a Hospital attached to a Medical College permitted by Medical Council/Central Government.

AGE :-

Not more than 40 years as on the last date of receipt of application for the post. Age is relaxable by 5 years maximum for exceptionally qualified persons with prior approval of the University concerned. Provided that the teachers appointed on various cadres previously to this Notification in recognized Homoeopathic College shall be promoted as per the provisions of regulation under which they were appointed.

 
B

Qualification for Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital Staff :-

(1)

Medical Superintendent :-

 

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

(a) A Post Graduate Degree qualification in Homoeopathy included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
(b) Having atleast 16 years professional standing including two years Experience as Senior Medical Officer in a Homoeopathic Hospital/Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital.

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATION:

(a)

Having Qualification in Hospital Administration from Govt. recognised institution. (N.B.:- The Principal shall be the Medical Superintendent of Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital. However if under any exceptional circumstances the charge of the post of Medical Superintendent is not given to the Principal than a person fulfilling above prescribed qualifications can be appointed on said post.)

(2)

Senior Medical Officer :-

 

ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATION:

(a) A recognized Degree in Homoeopathy, included in the Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
(b) 5 years experience as a Medical Officer in a Homoeopathic Collegiate Hospital / Homoeopathic Hospital.
   
(3)

Residential Medical Officer :-

 

Desirable :-

Having one year experience as House Physician in a recognised Homoeopathic hospital after obtaining regular registration from a State Board of Homoeopathy.
(N.B.:- He/She shall be treated on duty round the clock and be provided with rent free residential accommodation with in the premises of the hospital.)

(4)

Medical Officer :-

 

Essential Qualification

A recognized Degree in Homoeopathy, included in the Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.

Desirable :-

Having one year experience as a House Physician in a recognised Homoeopathic Hospital.

(5)

House Physician(Tenure Post of One Year) :-

 

Essential Qualification

Holding a degree in Homoeopathy, included in Second Schedule of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 and having regular registration from a State Board of Homoeopathy.

Provided that the post of house physician (resident) in permitted post graduate center shall not be separately required as PG student in the First Year of M.D. (Hom) Courses shall be doing house job compulsorily.

Age: Not more 35 years on the last date of receipt of application for the post.

(6)

Lab. Technician :-

 

Having Diploma in M.L.T. from a recognized University / Institutions.

(7)

Registration Clerk :-

  Matriculation from a recognised Secondary Board.
Knowledge of regional language and English.
(8)

Nurses :-

 

Essential Qualification

Matriculation from a recognised Secondary Board and three years experience of working in a reputed hospital.

Preferential Qualification

Having one year experience of working a Homoeopathic Dispensary or Hospital.

(9)

Ward Boy / Aya :-

 

Matriculation from a recognised Secondary Board.

(10)

Dispenser / Pharmacist :-

  Passed 10th Standard from a recognised Secondary Board with two years experience of dispensing Homoeopathic Medicine in a Homoeopathic dispensary.
(11)

Dresser :-

  Matriculation with one year experience either as a dispenser or dresser.
(12)

Chowkidar /Peon :-

  8th Standard Pass.
 

Dr. Lalit Verma, Registrar-cum-Secretary

*If any discrepancy is found between Hindi and English version of the namely, the Homoeopathy Central Council (Minimum Standards Requirement of Homoeopathic Colleges and attached Hospitals) Regulations 2013 , the English version will be treated as final.

CENTRAL COUNCIL OF HOMOEOPATHY
(PUBLISHED IN THE GAZETTE OF INDIA: EXTRAORDINARY
DATED 16TH NOVEMBER, 1989)

(AMENDMENTS PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF INDIA: EXTRAORDINARY, ON 22ND FEBRUARY, 1993, 5TH NOVEMBER, 2001 2ND MARCH, 2012).

In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (i) , (j) and (k) of Section 33 and Sub- section (i) of Section 20 of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973), the Central Council of Homoeopathy, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, hereby makes the following regulations, namely:-

PART- I

1* Short title and commencement
(1)

These regulations may be called the Homoeopathy (Post Graduate Degree Course) M.D.(Hom.) Regulations, 1989.

(2)

They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

2.

Definitions: In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires:-

 
(a).

"Act" means the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973).

(b). "Course" means a course of study in the subjects referred to in sub-regulations (3) of regulation 3.
(c).

"M.D. (Hom)" means a post-graduate degree in Homoeopathy (Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy) as prescribed in (these regulations);

(d) "Homoeopathic College "means a Homoeopathic Medical College or an institute affiliated to a University and permitted by the Central Government for post graduate course;
 
(e).

"Inspector" means a medical inspector appointed under sub-section (1) of Section 17 of the Act;

(ea).

"Post Graduation in Homoeopathy" means Post Graduate qualifications in Homoeopathy recognized as per the provisions of the Act;

(f).

"Visitor" means a Visitor appointed under sub-section (1) of Section 18 of the Act.

(g).

"President" means the President of the Central Council;

(h).

"Schedule" means the Schedule annexed to the said Act;

(i) "syllabus" and "curriculum" means the syllabus and curriculum for study as prescribed by the Central Council under these regulations;
(j) "Teaching experience" means teaching experience in the subject concerned in a Homoeopathic College and includes teaching experience in the subjects of Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology gained in a Medical College, recognized by the Medical Council of India.

PART- II

Course of Study


3.

Subjects of specialization for Post Graduation in Homoeopathy:-

 
(1)

(1) The Specialties of Post Graduate Degree Course in Homeopathy shall be in the subjects as mentioned in clause (a) of sub-regulation (3).

(2).

(1) The Course shall be of three years' duration, including one year of house-job, during which the candidate shall be a resident in the campus and shall be given training as per the provisions of sub-regulation (2) of regulation 10.

(3) The course shall comprise of the followings, namely;
(a) Special Subjects:
 
(i) Organon of Medicine;
(ii) Homoeopathic Materia Medica (including applied aspects);
(iii) Repertory;
(iv) Homoeopathic Pharmacy;
(v) Practice of Medicine;
(vi) Paediatrics and
(vii) Psychiatry
(b) A candidate for M.D. (Hom) shall opt one of the subjects of speciality at the time of admission and the degree shall be awarded in that speciality.

Besides subjects of speciality every candidate has to appear in examination of three (subsidiary) subjects as given below:-
Organon of Medicine
Repertory
Homoeopathic Materia Medica
  Each course shall comprise of the following:-
(i)

M.D. (Hom.) Organon of
(i) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Medicine- Organon of Medicine
(ii) Practice of Medicine
(iii) Materia Medica

OR

Repertory and (iv) Research Methodology, Bio-statistics & History of Medicine

(ii)

M.D. (Hom.) Materia
(i) Materia Medica Medica
(ii) Practice of Medicine.
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
Or

Repertory, and
(iv) Research Methodology, Bio- statistics and History of Medicine.

(iii) M.D. (Hom.) Repertory ;
(i) Repertory
(ii) Practice of Medicine
(iii) Materia Medica
Or
Homeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine, and (iv) Research Methodology, Bio- statistics and History of Medicine.
(iv) M.D. (Hom.)
(i) Homoeopathic Pharmacy Homoeopathic Pharmacy-
(ii) Practice of Medicine
(iii) Materia Medica
Or
Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
(iv) Research Methodology, Bio- statistics and History of Medicine.
(v) M.D. (Hom.) Practice of
(i) Practice of Medicine Medicine-
(ii) Materia Medica
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
Or
Repertory
(iv) Research Methodology, Bio-statistics and History of Medicine.
(vi) M.D. (Hom.) Paediatrics-
(i) Paediatrics
(ii) Materia Medica
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
Or
Repertory
(iv) Research Methodology, Bio-statistics and History of Medicine.
(vii) M.D. (Hom.) Psychiatry-
(i) Psychiatry
(ii) Materia Medica
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
Or
Repertory
(iv) Research Methodology, Bio-statistics and History of Medicine.

PART- III

Admission to Course

4. (1) No candidate shall be admitted to M.D. (Hom.) course unless the possesses the degree of:-
(i) Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery or equivalent qualification in Homoeopathy included in the Second Schedule to the Act, after undergoing a course of study of not less than five year and six months duration including one year compulsory internship; or
(ii) Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (Graded Degree) or equivalent qualification in Homoeopathy include in the Second Schedule to the Act, after undergoing a course of study of not less than two years' duration.
  (2) The University or the authority prescribed by the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, shall select candidates on merit for Post Graduate Course. Preference shall be given to candidates who have worked in rural areas for two years in respects of one seat in each subject as per merit.

PART-IV

SYLLABUS

5.

Syllabus for Post Graduate Degree M.D. (Hom):- The following shall be the syllabus for M.D. (Hom) course namely:-

1.

Research Methodology, Bio-Statistics and History of Medicine:- -Basic knowledge of medical statistics, Nature of classification of Research work in Homoeopathy with the help of recent advances in statistics.

ELEMENTS OF STATISTICS:

-

Introduction to biostatics including definition and scope-

-

Use of biostatics.

-

Merits or demerits.

- Health information system in collection of data.
- Frequency distribution table.
- Presentation of date-tabular presentation pictograms.
- Graphical presentation.
- Contering constants-mean-median and mode.
- Measuring of variation Orange, interquartile range, average deviation, standard deviations, coefficient of variation.
- Normal distribution.
- Possession and binomial distribution.
- Standard error or mean.
- Confidence limits.
- "Z" Test.
- "F"Test.
- "T" Test paired and unpaired.
- Chi-square test.
- Sampling.
- Correction and regression

History of Medicine-

- The History of Medicine of ancient times prevalent in Greece and India.
- History of Medicine of medieval time prevalent in Greece and India.
- History of Medicine (including Homoeopathy of Modern times in U.S.A., Germany, U.K. and India).
2.

ORGANON OF MEDICINE WITH HOMOEOPATHIC PHILOSOPHY:

(i) Hahnemannian concepts of Homoeopathy (Principles and Practice)

A deep understanding of the subjects is essential for making a critical and analytical appreciation and analytical appreciation and evaluation of it. This attempt has to be made by resources and references to all relevant writings of Hahnemanann on the subject.
(ii) Homoeopathic Philosophy

A study of the interpretations and views of the stalwarts in Homoeopathy like Kent, Stuart Close, H.A. Robert, J.H. Allien, Dunham and Richard Hughes on Hahnemannian concepts and fundamentals of Homoeopathy is essential. It also aims making a comparative study of various philosophies with a view to bring out relative merit of the individual contribution to the Hahnemannian concepts of Homoeopathy.
(iii) Practice of Homoeopathy in Medicine.
(iv) Practice of Homoeopathy in Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology.

 

3. HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA INCLUDING APPLIED ASPECTS:
(i) Basic Materia Medica

(1) Source of Materia Medica, Drug proving, and collection of symptoms- classification of symptom, construction of Materia Medica, types of Materia Medica.
(2) Science and Philosophy of Materia Medica.

(3)

Study of Materia Medica.
(4) Scope and limitations of Materia Medica.
(5) Sources of Drugs, family or group characteristics and drug relationship
(ii) Comparative Materia Medica
Comparative study of symptoms, drug pictures and therapeutic indications of all drugs.
(iii) Practice of Homoeopathy in Medicine.
(iv) Practice of Homoeopathy is Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
4. REPERTORY:
(i) Case taking:-
(a) Dynamics and methods.
(b) Science and Philosophy of Materia Medica.

(c)

Anamnesis.
(d) Evaluation of symptoms.
(e) Sources of Drugs, family or group characteristics and drug relationship
(ii) Repertories and Repertorisation
(a) Source and origin of the Repertory.
(b) Different types of Repertories

(c)

Merits and demerits.
(d) Methods of Repertorisation
5. HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACY:
(i) Source, identification, collection, preparation, potentisation, preservation, prescription, dispensing of Homoeopathic Drugs;
(ii) Standardization of drugs and vehicles through analytical methods and techniques, Biological, mechanical, chemical, toxicological properties and characteristics, Laboratory methods of drug study. Medical and non-medical uses of drugs;
(iii) Homoeopathic Drug proving, spheres of action and affinities;
(iv) Potency, posology, duration of action;
(v) Experimental Pharmacology;
(vi) Drug Laws and legislation relating to Homoeopathic Pharmacy:- A basic idea about the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 (23 of 1940); The Prevention of illicit traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988, (46 of 1988); The Drugs (Control) Act, 1950, (25 of 1950); The Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisement) Act, 1954 (21 of 1954); The Medicinal and Toilet Preparation (Excise Duties) Act, 1955 (16 of 1955); The Poisons Act, 1919(12 of 1919); The Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973) ; and The Pharmacy Act, 1948 (6 of 1948); A general idea about the rules regulations made under the aforesaid Central Acts on the subject and concerned State Acts, rules and regulations;
(vi) Industrial Pharmacy
6. PRACTICE OF MEDICINE:
 
(i) General Medicine including Tropical Medicine.
(ii) Miasmatic Study of Medicine;
(iii) Diagnostic procedures in view of latest technology;
(iv) Practice of Homoeopathy in General Medicine including Tropical Medicine
7. PAEDIATRICS:
 
(i) Diseases of children including nutritional, behavioral disorders. Preventive aspects of Pediatrics;
(ii) Miasmatic study
(iii) Diagnostic procedures:
(iv) Practice of Homoeopathy in Pediatrics.
8. PSYCHIATRY:
 
(i) Applied Psychiatry;
(ii) Miasmatic evaluation;
(iii) Practice of Homoeopathy in Psychiatry.
  NOTE: A thorough knowledge of deeper understanding in the recent advances made and discernible in the subjects, keeping in view the tenets of Homoeopathy, shall be required in the following topics, namely:-
  1. Dynamics and methods of case taking.
  2. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diseases with various physical, clinical and laboratory findings.
  3. Analysis and synthesis of cases with Hahnemannian evolutional totality.
  4. Selection of medicine including repertorisation and comparative study of Materia Medica
  5. Selection of Potency and dose.
  6. Second prescription.
  7. Remedy response and prognosis.
  8. Management of the cases in general, therapeutic and accessory treatment in which case oriented method of study shall be adopted by integrating all disciplines.
N.B. - The syllabi of specialty subjects shall remain even for the subsidiary subjects for the purposes of examinations.

PART-V

EXAMINATIONS

6
(1). The examination shall be conducted in two parts, namely:-
(a) M.D. (Hom) Part I, which to be held six months after completion of house job of one year's duration.
(b) M.D. (Hom) Part II, which to be held after one year and six months after Part I examination.
(2)

Every candidate seeking admission to Part I of the examination shall submit application to the University with the following documents, namely:-

(a) a certificate from the Principal or Head of the institution about the completion of the course of studies in the subjects in which the candidate seeks admission to the examination; and
(b) a certificate of having completed one year house job in a Homoeopathic hospital.
(3) Every candidate seeking admission to the Part II of the examination shall submit a dissertation of not less than 10000 words. The dissertation shall form the basis of viva-voce examination.
7.

Part-I M.D. (Hom) examination:-
Full marks for each subject and minimum number of marks required to pass shall be as follows:-

(a) M.D. (Hom.) Materia Medica:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology
Bio-statistics and History of Medicine
100 -- 100 50
(b) M.D. (Hom.) Homoeopathic Philosophy:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics and History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(c) M.D. (Hom.) Repertory:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Repertory 100 50 150 75
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics and History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(d) M.D. (Hom.) Homoeopathic Pharmacy:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Homoeopathic Pharmacy 100 50 150 75
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics and History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(e) M.D. (Hom.) Practice of Medicine:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics & History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(f) M.D. (Hom.) Paediatrics:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Paediatrics 100 50 150 75
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics and History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(g) M.D. (Hom.) Psychiatry :-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Psychiatry 100 50 150 75
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(iv) Research Methodology Bio-statistics and History of Medicine 100 -- 100 50
(ii) Viva-Voce/Practical examination in each subject, to be held by not less than three examiners together out of which one shall be the Supervisor (Guide):
(b) The three examiners shall jointly assess the knowledge of the candidate for recommending the result to the University as passed or failed.
8
(1)
(a) Every candidate shall prepare and submit four printed or typed copies of dissertation embodying his own research and contribution in advancing the knowledge in the subject to the University for approval not later than six months prior to the holding of Part II examination.
(b) The Dissertation shall be submitted to the Guide/Supervisor at least three months before the time fixed for submitting it to the University, and the Guide/Supervisor shall certify that the work has not previously formed the basis for award of any post graduate degree or diploma and that the work is the record of the candidate's personal efforts and submitted to the University duly countersigned by the Guide/Supervisor.
(c) The examiners appointed to conduct the examinations shall scrutinize the dissertation and jointly report whether the dissertation be accepted or rejected or may make suggestions, as they deem fit.
(d) The candidate shall be allowed to appear for the Part II examination three months after the examiner accepts the dissertation.

Provided that the candidate, whose dissertation has not been accepted, may be permitted to resubmit the same within a period of six months and not more than one year after rejection.
(2) Every candidate seeking admission to Part II of the examination shall submit an application to the University with the following, namely:-
(a) a certificate showing that he has passed Part I Examination; and
(b) a certificate from his guide about the completion of studies in the subjects in which the candidate is seeking admission to the examination.
(3) Part II M.D. (Hom.) examination shall be held in the subject of specialty opted by the candidate at the time of admission, and shall be held as under:-
 
(I) Full marks of each subject and minimum number of marks required to pass shall be as under:-
(a) M.D. (Hom.) Materia Medica:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Materia Medica
Paper I
Paper II
100
100
200 400 200
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(b) M.D. (Hom.) Homoeopathic Philosophy:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine
Paper I
Paper II

100

100


200

400

 

200

(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(c) M.D. (Hom.) Repertory:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Repertory
Paper I
Paper II

100

100

200 400 200
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(d) M.D. (Hom.) Homoeopathic Pharmacy:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Homoeopathic Pharmacy
Paper I
Paper II

100

100

200 400 200
(ii) Practice of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(iii) Materia Medica or Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine 100 50 150 75
(e) M.D. (Hom.) Practice of Medicine:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Practice of Medicine
Paper I
Paper II
100
100
200 400 200
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(f) M.D. (Hom.) Paediatrics:-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Paediatrics
Paper I
Paper II

100

100

200 400 200
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
(g) M.D. (Hom.) Psychiatry :-
Subjects Theory Practical including Viva-voce Total Pass marks
(i) Psychiatry
Paper I
Paper II
100
100
200 400 200
(ii) Materia Medica 100 50 150 75
(iii) Homoeopathic Philosophy and Organon of Medicine or Repertory 100 50 150 75
  N.B. *Result declared by University shall be 'Pass" or 'Fail' but no marks shall be conveyed. N.B.: The student shall be declared pass if he gets 40 % marks separately in theory and in practical including viva-voce examination alongwith 50% in aggregate in each subject.
(ii) one practical/clinical examination, including Viva-Voce, in the subject of specialty, to test the candidate's acumen and his ability and working knowledge in the practice of the specialty and there shall be three examiners together, including one Supervisor (Guide) in the subject, for examining the candidate.

Provided that all the three examiners shall jointly assess the knowledge of the candidate for recommending the result to the University as passed or failed.
9

Requirements for Post Graduate Teaching Centre:-

(1) A recognized Homoeopathic College shall be treated as P.G. Centre which meets all the prescribed minimum requirement, norm and standards for conducing B.H.M.S. Degree Course, and has been running B.H.M.S. Degree Course successfully for five consecutive years atleast.
(2) Every such college or teaching hospital shall have a department of the concerned specialty and shall also have the following additional facilities, with two teachers, having atleast one higher faculty namely:-
(i) one Full Time Professor or Reader in the Department of specialty;
(ii) one Lecturer on Full Time basis in the Department of specialty;
(iii) staff such as two Assistants or Attendants, in the Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics;
(iv) outdoor department and indoor department with minimum of 250 patients in the OPD per day;
(v) One bed shall be earmarked per student for each clinical subject of specialty, in addition to the beds required for B.H.M.S. Course in its teaching (collegiate) Homoeopathic hospital with 75% bed occupation per day.

Note: The said attendance in the OPD and IPD of the teaching (collegiate) Homoeopathic Hospital has to be in place on the day when an application is moved by the college authorities seeking recognition or approval of Central Government in terms of section 12A of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973.
(c) While submitting applications for permission to start such Post Graduate Course, they shall also submit a no objection certificate from the State Government and provisional affiliation from concerned University.
10.

Training:

(1) Period of Training: The period of training for M.D. shall be 3 years after full registration including one year of house job.
(2) Method of Training: The emphasis should be on in service training and not on didactic lectures. The candidate should take part in seminars, group discussions, clinical meetings etc., The candidate should be required to write a thesis or dissertation with detailed commentary which should provide the candidate with necessary background of training in research methods and techniques alongwith the art of writing research papers and learning and making use of library. The candidate shall be a resident in the campus and shall be given graded responsibility in the management and treatment of patients entrusted to his care. He shall participate in teaching and training of undergraduate students or interns. Adequate number of posts of clinical or tutors shall be created for this purpose.
11.

The examination shall consists of (i) written papers; (ii) oral including practical and (iii) clinical (in clinical subjects) Provided that a candidate who fails in the examination may appear again in the next examination without undergoing further course of study.

12
(1) Student Guide ratio:-
 
(a) The student -Supervisor (Guide) Ratio shall be 3:1 if the Guide or Supervisor is of Professor cadre.
(b) The student Supervisor (Guide) ratio shall be 2:1 if the Guide or Supervisor is of Reader cadre.
(c) The student-Supervisor (Guide) ratio shall be 1:1 if the Guide or Supervisor is of Lecturer cadre.
Note:- The supervisor (guide) shall be from the teaching faculty of the Homoeopathic College wherein the concerned student has taken admission.
(2)
(a) Educational qualifications and experience of Supervisor (Guide):-
A person shall posses the following qualifications and experience for being eligible to be a Supervisor (Guide), namely:-
(i) M.D. (Hom.) included in the Second Schedule to the Act; and
(ii) Professor or Reader possessing a recognized Post Graduate Degree qualification in Homoeopathy or a Lecturer holding a recognized Post Graduate Degree in Homoeopathy with eight years teaching experience as Lecturer.
Provided that the Supervisor of a specialty shall remain the Supervisor for that specialty only.
(b) Educational qualification and experience for selection of Co-Supervisor (Co-Guide);

Post Graduate Degree Qualification in the special subject with experience as stated in clause (a) or seven years teaching experience as Associate Professor in a college recognized by the Medical Council of India.

 

13

Examiners:-

(1) The criteria for examiners shall be the same as of the Supervisor (Guide) or Co-Supervisor (Co-Guide) as the case may be.
(2) A panel of examiners shall be prepared by the University, which shall be approved by the Central Council.
(3) One of the examiners out of the panel shall be appointed as Supervisor (Guide) or Co- Supervisor (Co-Guide) as the case may be.
(4) At least 50% of the examiners shall be external examiners.

HOMOEOPATHY (DEGREE COURSE)
B.H.M.S.
REGULATIONS, 1983
(As Amended upto June, 2005)

PRINCIPAL REGULATIONS
PUBLISHED IN THE GAZETTE OF INDIA:
EXTRAORDINARY, ON 11TH MAY, 1983
(and Corrigendum Published in the Gazette dated 6th February, 1984)

AMENDMENTS PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF INDIA:
EXTRAORDINARY, ON 25th SEPTEMBER, 2003
(and Corrigendum Published in the Gazette dated 29th June, 2004)
& on 17th June, 2005.

NOTIFICATION

In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (i), (j) and (k) of section 33 and sub-section (1) of section 20 of the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973), the Central Council of Homoeopathy, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, hereby makes the following regulations, namely:-

PART- I Preliminary

  1. Short title and commencement:
    1. These regulations may be called the Homoeopathy (Degree Course) Regulations, 1983.
    2. They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
    3. It shall apply to students who shall be admitted for BHMS (Degree Course) from the commencement of the academic session (2003-2004).
  2. Definitions : In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires:-
    1. "Act" means the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973);
    2. "Courses" means the course of study in Homoeopathy, namely:-
      1. D.H.M.S. (Diploma in Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery) and
      2. B.H.M.S. (Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery) Course;
    3. "Diploma" means a Diploma in Homoeopathy as defined in clause (iii) of regulation 2 of the Homoeopathy (Diploma Course) Regulations, 1983;
    4. "Degree" means a Degree in Homoeopathy provided in Regulation 3 of these regulations or a Degree as defined in clause (iv) of regulation 2 of the Homoeopathy (Graded Degree Course) Regulations, 1983.
    5. 1"Homoeopathic College" means a Homoeopathic College affiliated to a University and recognized by the Central Government;
    6. "Inspector" means a Medical Inspector appointed under sub-section (i) of section 17 of the Act;
    7. "President" means the President of the Central Council;
    8. "Second Schedule" and "Third Schedule" means the Second Schedule and Third Schedule respectively of the Act;
    9. "Syllabus" and "Curriculum" means the Syllabus and Curriculum for different courses of study as specified by the Central Council under these Regulations, the Homoeopathy (Diploma Course) Regulations, 1983 and the Homoeopathy (Graded Degree Course) Regulations, 1983;
    10. 1"Teaching experience" means teaching experience in the subject concerned in a Homoeopathic College and includes teaching experience in the subjects of Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, gained in the Medical Colleges recognised by the Central Government;
    11. "Visitor" means a Visitor appointed under sub-section (1) of section 18 of the Act;
    12. "Post Graduation in Homoeopathy" means a Post Graduate qualification in Homoeopathy recognised as per the provisions of the Act.

PART-II

COURSES OF STUDY

3
(i) The Degree Course of B.H.M.S. (Degree) shall comprise a Course of study consisting of Curriculum and Syllabus provided in these regulations spread over a period of 5 years, including compulsory Internship of one year duration after passing the Final Degree Examination;
(ii) 1Every candidate after passing the final BHMS examination, shall undergo compulsory internship for a period of twelve months as per the procedure laid down in Annexure 'A' attached to these regulations.
(iii) 1On successful completion of the internship and on the recommendation of the Principal of the Homoeopathic College concerned, the concerned University shall issue the Degree to such candidates.

PART-III

ADMISSION TO COURSE

  1. Minimum Qualifications: No candidate shall be admitted to the B.H.M.S. (Degree) Course unless he has:-

    1. Passed the Intermediate Science or its equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as his subjects;
    2. attained the age of 17 years on or before 31st December of the year of his admission to the first year of the Course.
    3. Blind (including colour blind), deaf and/or dumb candidates shall not be allowed for admission in the course.

PART-IV

THE CURRICULUM

  1. Subjects: Subjects for study and examination for the B.H.M.S. (Degree) Course shall be as under:-

    1. Anatomy.
    2. Physiology including Biochemistry.
    3. Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy & Psychology.
    4. Homoeopathic Pharmacy.
    5. Homoeopathic Materia Medica & Therapeutics.
    6. Pathology & Microbiology.
    7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.
    8. Practice of Medicine.
    9. Surgery.
    10. Obstetrics and Gynecology.
    11. Community Medicine.
    12. Case Taking and Repertory.

PART-V

16.  Syllabus for Direct Degree Course: Following shall be syllabus for B.H.M.S. (Direct Degree) Course:-

INTRODUCTION

Basic objectives of education and training in a Homoeopathic institution is to prepare a competent Homoeopathic Physician who is capable of functioning independently and effectively under Rural and Urban set ups.
In order to achieve this, the following syllabus and curriculum ha been designed:

A. Sound Foundation:-
To function effectively as a Homoeopathic physician a thorough grasp over the medical concepts is imperative. For this, the educational process shall be perceived as an integrated evolving process and not merely as an acquisition of a large number of disjointed facts.

A student shall have to pass through a Training procedure which encompasses the above well, right from Ist BHMS to IV BHMS and also during the internship period.

He shall undergo an education process wherein learning of Facts and Concepts right from 1st Year are in a continuity, in an evolutionary & progressive pattern. In 1st BHMS, student shall study the fundamental principles of Homoeopathy and will also learn more of applied anatomy than a multitude of minor anatomical details.

In IInd BHMS, a student shall be exposed to very vital concepts of susceptibility and symptomatology with Analysis-Evaluation and details of the Homoeopathic concepts, old logic of Homoeopathy. These will attain much deeper significance (if care is taken by teachers of pathology and Organon-Philosophy) when the current knowledge of INFLAMMATION, IMMUNITY, is correlated well with concepts of susceptibility.

In IIIrd BHMS, there is opportunity to fortify the foundation at the best by correlating between Theory of Chronic Diseases and the Patho-Physiological facts on the Gynecology, Surgery and Medicine. A student shall have to be taught the spectrums of various diseases in correlation with the spectrum of miasmatic manifestations. He will then be able to use a well concluded EVALUATION ORDER OF Characteristics to derive an Operationally valid reportorial Totality.

The knowledge gathered in this pattern will keep him constantly aware of his objectives and his role as a Homoeopathic Physician. The integration will eliminate the state of confusion. The Therapeutics Actions then will be right and complete, utilizing the full repertories of the Medicinal and Non-medicinal measures, keeping him up-to-date about all fresh scientific developments and inculcating values of continuous Medical Education.

B. Execution:-
Maximum emphasis shall be placed on the applied aspects of all the subjects. Thus teachings of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry will demand greater emphasis on applied aspects of these sciences. Teaching of Pathology will demand sharp focus on general Pathology, while Regional Pathology will come up as an application. It shall require correlation with Medicine, Surgery and Gynecology. All these need to be studied from Homoeopathic perspectiv, hence emphasis on applied aspect of Organon Philosophy & Homoeopathic Therapeutics representing application to all other subjects.

C. Inter-Departmental Co-ordination:-
Essential, the entire approach becomes an integrated approach. All departments shall develop a cohesive well defined programme which demand marked inter-departmental co-ordination.
It is therefore desirable to have teaching programmes wherein, by rotation each department participates in the teaching co-ordinating well with the other faculties with constant updating and evaluation. The co-ordination has to be in the way as given in the text under each subject inside these Regulations. This will ensure fundamental and exceptional clarity.

D. Deductive-Inductive Teaching:-
While teaching, there shall be balance in designing deductive and inductive process in mind. There shall be less emphasis on didactic lectures. Major portion of the time of the students shall be devoted to demonstrations, group discussions, seminars and clinics. Every attempt shall be made to encourage students to participate in all these to develop his personality, character, expressions and to ensure the grasp over concepts rapidly.

E. Patient Oriented Teachings:-
In order to impart the integrated medical education PATIENT has to be in the Centre right from day one of the IInd BHMS.
Importance of social factors in relation to the problem of health and disease shall receive proper emphasis throughout the course and to achieve this objective, the educational process shall be community as well as hospital based.
Based on the above concepts the course of studies as laid down in these Regulations will help to fulfill these needs. While doing so, the need of the hour, past experience in learning and teaching is taken into consideration.

ORGANON OF MEDICINE AND PRINCIPLES OF HOMOEOPATHIC PHILOSOPHY & PSYCHOLOGY

FIRST B.H.M.S

INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE OF HOMOEOPATHY

Organon-Philosophy is a vital subject which builds up the conceptual base for the Physician. It illustrates those principles which when applied in practice enable the Physician to obtain results, which he can explain rationally and repeats them in practice with greater competence. Focus of the Education and Training should be to build up the conceptual base.

Homoeopathy should be introduced as a Complete Rational System of Medicine with its Holistic, Individualistic and Dynamistic approach to life, Health, Disease, Remedy and cure.

In order to achieve this, study of logic, psychology and the fundamentals of Homoeopathic Science become quite important.

It is imperative to have clear grasp over Inductive-Deductive Logic, and its application and comprehending the fundamentals of Homoeopathic Science. Homoeopathic approach for the patients is a Holistic approach. Science demands from the Homoeopathic Physician, to comprehend his patient as a PERSON, his dispositional state of Mind (and Body), alongwith the disease process with its causes. Since we lay great emphasis on knowing the mind, knowledge of the psychology becomes imperative for a Homoeopathic Physician. Thus introduction to Psychology will assist Homoeopathic student to build up his conceptual base in his direction.

I. Fundamental of Homoeopathic Science.

Preliminary lectures on the evolution of medicinal practice by the ancients giving stress to rationalistic and vitalistics thoughts.

  1. Short history of Hahnemann's life and contributions.
  2. Brief life and contributions of early pioneers after Hahnemann.
  3. Brief study of the early history of spread of homoeopathy & position of Homoeopathy in various countries.
  4. Hahnemann's Organon of Medicine from aphorism 1 to 70.
  5. Fundamental Principles of Homoeopathy.
  6. Health: Hahnemann's and modern concept.
  7. Introductory lectures on diseases, their classification, drug diseases, case taking and drug proving.

II. Logic.

The term 'Logic' means 'though' 'reason' 'Law' and is used to denote the totality of rules to which the process of thought is subjected, a process that reflects the reality. It is also used to denote the science of the rules of reasoning and the forms in which it occurs. As discussed earlier, to comprehend ORGANON-PHILOSOPHY, it is essential to acquaint with understanding of LOGIC in order to grasp inductive-deductive reasoning

III. Introduction to Psychology..

  1. Definition of Psychology as a Science and its differences from other Sciences. Concept of Mind Contemporary schools of psychology with special reference to Behaviouristic and psychoanalytic approaches.
  2. Scientific study of behaviour, intelligence, cause effect relation behaviouristic (Pavlov, Watson, Skinner) and dynamics of behaviour (Freud and Neo Freudians).
  3. Basic concepts of sensation, perception, illusion, Hallucination, Delusion, Image, Intelligence, aptitude, attention, thinking and memory.
  4. Emotion, motivation, personality, anxiety, conflict, frustration, psychomatic manifestations and dreams.
  5. Developmental psychology normal developments since birth to maturity (both physical and psychological) and deviations its effects on later behaviour.

*The attempt should be made to make a student receptive to various terms in teachings of Materia Medica and Homoeopathic Philosophy.

II. B.H.M.S.

IN THREE SECTIONS

SECTIONS 1

Hahnemann's Organon of Medicine Aphorism: 1 to 145

The purpose of Homoeopathic case taking is not merely collection of symptoms but comprehending the PERSON IN WIDER DIMENSIONS with the correct appreciation of the factors responsible for the genesis and maintenance of illness i.e. Fundamental Cause, PREDISPOSING CAUSE, MAINTAINING CAUSE & ONE SIDED DISEASES.

There should be compulsory case taking term for each student wherein he learns to 'build up PORTRAIT of the disease by undertaking:-

  1. Evolutionary study of the patient comprising of well defined characteristics.
  2. Studying individual in His life-span and in relation to his family environment and work.
  3. Processing of the interview and the entire case so as to grasp the principles of MANAGEMENT of these patients.

He should be taught to classify various symptoms which he has elicited in his case taking. He puts down his evaluation of those characteristics. His capacity for analysis and synthesis should evolve. In appendix, Analytical paper for symptom classification and Evaluation is attached. If practiced properly, has potential to improve analytical faculty of the student.

Physician, Teaching Staff, R.M.O. and House Staff shall spend enough time with the students and interns and scrutiny of their written cases, discussing mode of interview and processing of the case.

There should be standardization in imparting training in ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION. Each Institute shall keep the standard guide lines of Case taking.

GUIDELINES ANALYSIS EVALUATION OF OBJECTIVES OF ANALYSIS EVALUATION OF SYMPTOMS.

  1. (To individualize the case so as to prepare an effective totality which allows us to arrive at the Similimum, prognosis the case, and advise management and impose necessary restrictions on mode of life and diet.
  2. To infer about state susceptibility by appreciating the quality of characteristics state of susceptibility and diagnosis about miasmatic state would allow physician to formulate comprehensive plan of treatment.
  3. Order of evaluation of the characteristics, of the case would become stepping stone for the reportorial totality.

(iii) CLASSIFICATION OF SYMPTOMS: Their scopes and limitations in arriving as a totality.

Symptom should not be considered superficially at its face value. It should be analyzed and evaluated by taking into account following factors

  1. Through grasp over the underlying dynamics. (Psychological, Physiological, Pathological aspects).
  2. This would demand through comprehension over the evolution of DISEASE, taking into account FUNDAMENTAL, EXCITING & MAINTAINING CAUSES..
  3. Knowledge of socio-cultural background is quite imperative for correct analysis and evaluation. Details regarding SYMPTOMATOLOGY can be comprehended by referring to the classical books in philosophy.

The Department of Organon & Philosophy while training in Case Taking shall co-ordinate with various other departments where student is sent for the pre-clinical and clinical training. This would ensure not only streamlining of the clinical Centres but also cultivate Homoeopathic perspective when student is attending other special clinics.

EVALUATION-EXAMINATION

  1. Student's performance shall be evaluated periodically. There shall be periodical card tests and internal (theory and practical) examinations in each-academic year. The concerned teaching staff shall file his general report on the conduct of internal examinations and also on student's performance, which shall be discussed in departmental and interdepartmental meetings.
  2. Each student appearing for II and III BHMS shall maintain one journal comprising of 20 cases (10 short and 10 long cases) with complete processing of the case material for each examination, which shall be evaluated by the head of the department.
  3. There shall be provisions for the internal assessment of all these examinations and journal work in the Final II and III BHMS examinations respectively.

III. BHMS

When student enters third year, he has already grasped basic Sciences of Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and has been introduced to Clinical Medicine, Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics.

Organon including Philosophy is the subject which builds up the conceptual base for the physician. It illustrates those principles which when applied in practice enable physician to obtain results which he can explain rationally and repeats them in practice with greater competence. Focus of the Education & Training should be to build up this conceptual base. This can be delivered effectively if there is proper integration of various disciplines, various knowledge throughout the subject of ORGANON-PHILOSOPHY.

(I) HAHNEMANN'S THEORY OF CHRONIC DISEASE

Proper emphasis should be made on the way in which each miasmatic phase evolves and the characteristic expressions which are thrown off at various level. This will bring out characteristic PATTERN of each miasm. Definite attempt should be made to understand theory of CHRONIC MIASM in the light of our knowledge of basic sciences of ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE. This would demand CO-RELATION OF HOMOEOPATHIC PHILOSOPHY with allied sciences.

Teacher should bring out clearly therapeutic implications of THEORY OF CHRONIC MIASM in practice. This will demand comprehension of EVOLUTION OF NATURAL DISEASE from miasmatic angle. This will require to be correlated with applied Materia Medica. Here you demonstrate how various drugs would come up in Psoric, Sycotic and syphilitic state of the clinical diseases.

Thus ORGANON & PHILOSOPHY will bring out effectively integration of Anatomy, Physiology Psychology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine, Materia Medica and Therapeutics. This would demand greater interdepartmental co-ordination.

II. HAHNEMANN'S ORGANON OF MEDICINE VTH & VITH EDITIONS

(including Aphorism 1 to 294).
  1. Kent's lectures, Robert and Stuart close works in Philosophy.
  2. POSOLOGY.
  3. DIET, ANCILLARY MODE OF TREATMENT.
  4. INTRODUCTION OF REPERTORY.

Student should maintain journal of 20 cases wherein thoroughly worked out cases from their clinic attendance would be there.

Cases should demonstrate student's work on: CASE TAKING - CASE ANALYSIS-EVALUATION-DISEASE, DIAGNOSIS-MIASM-POSOLOGY-REMEDY SELECTION.

IV. BHMS

Here the focus is on applied aspect of Organon & Philosophy. Maximum emphasis shall be given on practice oriented teaching of Organon and Philosophy.

This can be effectively achieved by studying the various cases taken by students in OPD & IPD.

Case analysis, evaluation and synthesis takes into account the application of entire ORGANON from Aphorism 1 to 294 and all principles of Philosophy as illustrated in I, II, III BHMS.

More emphasis to be given on case taking, case analysis, evolution, posology miasmatic diagnosis, potency selection and repetition of doses, second prescription, diet, regimen and other pressures with principle of management during OPD and IPD visits, so that the students can have the practical knowledge of the treatment and management of the patient.

The following topics shall be taught during IV BHMS in depth:-

  1. History of Medicine.
  2. History of Homoeopathy, its spread to different countries.
  3. Life and living environment.
  4. Concepts of health and factors modifying it.
  5. Concept of susceptibility and vital reaction.
  6. Concept of disease and totality of symptoms.
  7. Concepts of Drug, Medicine and remedy.
  8. Concept of Cure and Disease and Drug relationship.
  9. Scope and limitations of different modes of employing medicines in disease Antipathy, Allopathy and Homoeopathy.
  10. Various methods of classification and evaluations of symptoms common and characteristic General and particular.
  11. Concepts of incurable disease, suppression and palliation.
  12. Prophylactics.
  13. Scope and limitations of Homoeopathy.
  14. Remedy response, prognosis after administration of a remedy.
  15. Principles and criteria for repetition and selection of potency.
    Paper I Topics from 1-15
    Paper II- Topics from Kent's lectures, Stuart close and Roberts Philosophy, Case taking at beside.

APPENDIX

Purpose of the Homoeopathic Case taking is not merely collecting the symptoms but comprehending the person in wider dimensions, with correct appreciation of the causes for the illness.

The adequacy in Case Taking and Physical examination should be judged from the following angle:-

  1. To carry out successful individualization of the case and to conclude about state of the susceptibility.
  2. Finding out a simillimum with correct potency and doses.
  3. Prescribing proper diet to the patient.
  4. Advising the management of the case.
  5. The pathology and homoeopathic prognosis.

Anatomy and Physiology

Study of normal man in pre-clinical period.

Human economy is the most difficult of all sciences to study. Man is conscious mentalised, living being and functions as a whole. Human knowledge has become so vast that for precise comprehension of man as a whole development of different branches of science like anatomy physiology and psychology was necessary. But such a division is only an expedient; man nevertheless remains indivisible.

Consciousness, life and its phenomena cannot be explained in terms of cell physiology or of quantum mechanics nor by physiological concepts which in their turn are based on chemico-physical concepts.

Though anatomy and physiology are hitherto being taught as entirely different subjects, a water-tight barrier should not be erected between them; structure (anatomy) and function (physiology) are but correlated aspects and the physio-chemical processes are but an external expression of an inexplicable phenomenon which is life.

So anatomy and physiology shall be taught with the following aims:-

(1) To provide for the understanding of the morphological, physiological and psychological principles which determine and influence the organism of the living body as a functioning unit;
(2) to co-relate and interpret the structural organism and normal physiology of the human body and thus to provide the data on which to anticipate disturbance of functions;
(3) to enable the student to recognize the anatomical and physiological basis of the clinical signs and symptoms of disorders due to injury, disease and mal development;
(4) similarly, to give the student to understand the factors involved in the development of pathological processes and the possible complications which may arise there from;
(5) to give the student such knowledge on pre clinical subjects as will enable him ultimately to employ competently and rationally all the ordinary methods of examination and treatment (including surgery) that may involve such knowledge; and
(6) for enabling the student to pick out strange, rare and uncommon symptoms from pathognomonic symptoms for individualization of patients and drugs for the purpose of applying the law of similar in Homoeopathic practice.

Anatomy

Instructions in anatomy shall be so planned as to present a general working knowledge of the structure of the human body. The amount of detail which he is required to memorize should be reduced to the minimum. Major emphasis should be laid on functional anatomy of the living subject rather than on the static structures of the cadaver, and on general anatomical positions and broad relations of the viscera, muscles, blood-vessels, nerves and lymphatic. Study of the cadaver is only a mean to this end. Students should not be burdened with minute anatomical details which have no clinical significance.

Though dissection of the entire body is essential for the preparation of the student for his clinical studies, the burden of dissection can be reduced and such saving of time can be effected, it considerable reduction of the amount of topographical details is made and the following points:-

  1. Only such details as have professional of general educational value for the medical student should be presented to him.
  2. The purpose of dissection is not to create technically expert prosecutors but to give the student an understanding of the body in relation to its function, and the dissection should be designed to achieve this end, for example, ignoring of small and clinically unimportant blood vessels results in such clearer dissection and a much clearer picture of the main structures and their natural relationships.
  3. Much that is at present taught by dissection could be demonstrated as usefully through prepared dissected specimens.
  4. Normal radiological anatomy may also form part of practical training. The structure of the body should be presented linking functional aspect.
  5. Actual dissection should be preceded by a course of lectures on the general structure of the organ or the system under discussion and then its function. In this way anatomical and physiological knowledge can be presented to students in an integrated form and the instruction of the whole course of anatomy and physiology made more interesting, lively and practical.
  6. A good part of the theoretical lectures on anatomy can be transferred to tutorial classes with demonstrations.

A few lectures or demonstrations on the clinical and applied anatomy should be arranged in the later part of the course. They should preferably be given by a clinician and should aim at demonstrating the anatomical basis of physical signs and the value of anatomical knowledge to the clinician.

Seminars and group discussions to be arranged periodically with a view or presenting different subjects in an integrated manner.

Formal class room lectures to be reduced but demonstrations and tutorials to be increased. There should be joint teaching-cum demonstration sessions with clinical materials illustrating applied aspect of Anatomy in relation to clinical subjects. This should be arranged once a fortnight and even form part of series of introductory lectures if be needed.

There should be joint seminars with the departments of Physiology and Bio-chemistry and should be organized once a month. There shall be a close correlation in the teaching of gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology and Genetics. The teaching of areas and systems in Anatomy, Physiology including Bio-chemistry shall be integrated as far as possible.

THEORETICAL

A complete course of human anatomy with general working knowledge of different anatomical parts of the body. Emphasis should be laid down on the general anatomical positions and broad relations of the viscera, muscles, blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic, Candidates should not be burdened with minute anatomical details of every description which has no clinical significance.

Candidates will be required to recognize anatomical specimen and to identify and answer questions on structures displayed in recent dissections, to be familiar with the bones and their articulations including the vertebrae, the skull and with the manner of classification of the long bones.

Emphasis will not be laid on minute details except in so far as is necessary to the understanding or in their application to medicine and surgery. Candidates are expected to know the attachments of muscles sufficiently to understand their action, but not be precise-details of the origin and insertion of every muscle. A knowledge of the minor details of the bones of the hand, foot, their articulations and details of the small bones of the skull will not be required.

The curriculum of Anatomy should be divided under the following headings:-

I

Gross Anatomy-to be dealt under the following categories:-

(a) Introductory lectures with demonstrations.
(b) Systematic series.

The study to be covered by deductive lectures, lecture, demonstrations, surface and radiological anatomy, by dissection of the cadaver and study of dissected specimen. Knowledge thus obtained together with co-relation of facts should be integrated into living anatomy. Details of topographical relation should be stressed for these parts which are of importance in general practice.

(i) Superior extremity, inferior extremity, head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis to be studied regionally and system by system (special reference to be made to development and its anomalies, regional, innervations, functional groups of muscles in relation to joints of otherwise and Applied Anatomy).
(ii) Endocrine organs with special reference to development and applied anatomy.
II Development anatomy General principles of development and growth and the effect of hereditary and environment factors to be given by lectures, charts, models and slides
III Neuro-anatomy, Gross anatomy of brain and spinal cord and the main nerve tracts. The peripheral nerves. Cranial nerves their relations course and distributions.
Autonomic nervous system-Development and anomalies, applied Anatomy. The study to be covered by lectures, lecture-demonstrations of brain and cord, and clinical co-relation.
N.B:- The practical study should proceed the study physiology nervous system, Early co-relation with the clinical course desirable.
IV Micro anatomy (Histology) Modern concepts of cell, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscular tissue, nervous tissue and systemic structure.
 

Introductory Lectures:-

(A)
(a)

Modern conception of cell-components and their functions, why a cell divides, cell division, types with their signification.

(b) Genetic individuality:-
  1. Elementary genetics definition, health and diseases, result of interaction between organism and its environments, utility of knowledge from homoeopathic point of view.
  2. Mandel's laws and their significances.
  3. Applied genetics.
(B) Embryology.
(C) General anatomy & Micro-anatomy.
(D)

Regional anatomy-Regional Anatomy shall be taught with emphasis on developmental anatomy, broad relationship, surface marking, Radiological anatomy, and applied anatomy

(a)

Extremities:-

  1. Skeleton, position and functions of joints.
  2. Muscle groups, lumber plexus,
  3. Arterial supply, venous drainage, neuro vascular bundles, lymphatic and lymph nodes, relation of nerves to bones.
  4. Joints with special emphasis on lumbo-sacral, hip, knee and ankle joints, muscles producing movement, results of nerve injury.
  5. Radiology of bones and joints. Classification, determination of age.
  6. Applied anatomy.
  7. Surface marking of main arteries, nerves.
(b) Thorax:-
  1. Skeleton of joints, of muscles, of chest wall-diaphragm, innervation of abdominal and thoracic respiration, different with age. The mammary gland, lymphatic drainage.
  2. The pleura & lungs.
  3. Arrangements structures in the mediastinum, heart, coronary artery great vessels, trachea, oesophagus, lymph nodes, thymus.
  4. Radiology of heart, aorta, lungs, bronchogram.
  5. Surface marking-pleura, lungs, heart-valves of heart, border, arch of aorta, superior venacava, bifurcation of trachea.
(c) Abdomen and pelvis:-
  1. The abdominal wall-skin and muscles, innervation of fascia, peritoneum, blood vessels, lymphatics, autonomic ganglia and plexuses.
  2. Stomach, small intestine, caecum, appendix, large intestine.
  3. Duodenum, pancreas, kidneys, uterus, supra-renals.
  4. Liver and gall bladder.
  5. Pelvis, skeleton and joints, muscles of the pelvis, organs internal and external genitalia in male and in the female, lumbosacral plexus, vessels, lymphatics, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses.
  6. Blood vessels and nerve plexuses of abdomen and pelvis, the portal venous system.
  7. Applied anatomy of referred pain, portal systemic anastomosis, catheterization of the urinary bladder in the male and female.
  8. Surface marking of organs and blood vessels.
(d) Head and neck:-
  1. Scalp-Innervation, vascular supply middle meningeal artery.
  2. Face-main muscles groups, muscles of facial expression muscles of mastication, innervation of skin and repair muscles, vascular supply, principles of repair scalp and face wrinkles.
  3. The eyelids, eyeball, lackrymal apparatus, the muscles that move the eyeball.
  4. The nasal cavity and nasopharynx, septum, conchae, paranasalsinus, Eustachian tube, lymphoid masses.
  5. Oral cavity and pharynx.
  6. Larynx and laryngeal part of Pharynx structure (No details) functions, nerve supply, larynage-scopic appearances.
  7. Cervical vertebrae, joints of head and neck.
  8. Structures of neck, sternomastoid, brachial plexus, main arteries and veins, disposition of lymph nodes, areas of drainage, phrenic nerve, thyroid gland and its blood supply, para-thyroid, the trachea, oesophagus. The position of the Sub-mandibular and sublingual salivary glands.
  9. Teeth and dentition.
  10. The external, middle and internal ear.
  11. Applied anatomy.
  12. Surface marking: Parotid gland, middle meningeal artery, thyroid gland, common internal and external carotid arteries.
(e) Neuro anatomy:-
  1. Meanings-functions of
  2. Cerebrum-areas of localization, vascular supply basal ganglion, internal capsule.
  3. Cerebellum-functions.
  4. Pens, medullar midbrain, cranial nerves, palsies.
  5. Cerebro-spinal fluid formation, circulation function, absorption.
  6. Cranial nerves, origin, courses (with minimum anatomical details) areas of distribution;
  7. The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system location, distribution, function.
  8. Applied anatomy of lumbar puncture, referred pain, spinal anesthesia, increased intra cranial pressure.
(B) Histological study systemic

PRACTICAL

Demonstration of dissected parts/Dissection of the whole human body.

Identification of histological specimen of tissues and organs viz, liver, kidney, lungs, thyroid, pancreas, spleen, trachea, oesophagus, stomach, tongue, intestine, large intestine, testes, every bone, adipose tissue, spinal cord, suprarenal gland, parotid gland, anterior pituitary salivary glands, skin, parathyroid gland, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, cardiac muscle.

The written paper in Anatomy shall be distributed as follows:-

Paper I - Upper extremity, head, face, Neck, brain and Embryology
Paper II - Thorax, abdomen, pelvis, lower extremity and Histology.

PHYSIOLOGY INCLUDING BIOCHEMISTRY

The purpose of a course in physiology is to teach the functions, processes and inter-relationship of the different organs and systems of the normal disturbance in disease and to equip the student with normal standards of reference for use while diagnosing and treating deviations from the normal. To a Homoeopath the human organism is an integrated whole of body life and mind; and though life includes all the chemico-physical processes it transcends them. There can be no symptoms of disease without vital force animating the human organism and it is primarily the vital force which is deranged in disease. Physiology shall be taught from the stand point of description physical processes underlying them in health.

There should be close co-operation between the various departments while teaching the different systems. There should be joint courses between the two departents of anatomy and physiology so that there is maximum co-ordination in the teaching of these subjects..

Seminars should be arranged periodically and lecturers of anatomy, physiology and bio-chemistry should bring home the point to the students that the integrated approach is more meaningful..

THEORETICAL

Introductions

Fundamental phenomena of life. The cell and its differentiation. Tissues and organs of the body.

Bio-chemical Principles

Elementary constituents of protoplasm, Chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, Enzymes.

Bio-physical Principles

Units of concentration of ablutions, ions, electrolytes and non-electrolytes filtration, diffusion, ultrafiltration, dialysis, surface tension, absorption, hydrotrophy, domain equilibrium colloid, acid-base concentration.

Environmental Physiology

  1. Skin-structure and functions.
  2. Regulations of body temperature hypothermia.

Skelato-Muscular System

  1. General introduction and classification of muscle fibers.
  2. Excitation-construction coupling and molecular basis of construction.
  3. Properties of skeletal muscles and factors affecting development of tension.
  4. Energy metabolism of muscles.

Nerve

  1. Structure and function of nerve cell.
  2. Bioelectric phenomena in the nerve and muscle. R.M.P., Action and its propagation, neuromuscular transmission.
  3. Classification and properties of nerve fibers.
  4. Wellerian degeneration, regeneration and reaction of degeneration.

Blood

  1. Composition and functions in general.
  2. Physiology of plasma proteins, normal values, E.S.R. & other blood indices.
  3. Physiology of R.B.C., W.B.C. and platelets formation, fate and physiological and functions of formed elements of blood.
  4. Body fluid compartments, their measurements, blood volume and its regulation.
  5. A.B.O. and RH Blood group systems.
  6. Lymphatics and R.E. system.
  7. Coagulation & haemostasis.

Cardio Vascular System: (C.V.S.)

  1. Structure and properties of cardiac muscle.
  2. Generation and conduction of cardiac impulse, E.C.G. (Normal).
  3. Cardiac cycle with reference to pressure, volume changes, heart sounds etc.
  4. Heart rate and its regulations.
  5. Haemodynamics, B.P. and its regulation.
  6. Nervous and chemical control of blood vessel.
  7. Physiological basis of shock.

Respiratory System

  1. Introduction, general organization.
  2. Mechanics of respiration, compliance.
  3. Pulmonary volumes and capacities.
  4. Pulmonary and alveolar ventilation
  5. Physical principles of gaseous exchange a transport of respiratory gases.
  6. Nervous and chemical control of respiration.
  7. Hypoxia, acclimatization, cyanosis, dyspnoea, asphyxia, abnormal respiration.
  8. Pulmonary function tests.
  9. Effect of high and low atmospheric pressure effect of respiration on circulation, artificial respiration.

Digestive System

  1. General introduction, Organisation plan and evolutionary significance.
  2. Composition, function and regulation of salivary, gastric pancreatic intestinal and biliary's secretions.
  3. Movements of G.I. tract.
  4. Absorption of G.I. tract.
  5. Physiology of Liver and Gall bladder structure and functions.

Excretory System

  1. General introduction, structure and functions of kidney.
  2. Mechanism of formation of urine.
  3. Mechanism of concentration and dilution of urine.
  4. Physiology of micturation.

Endocrine

  1. Physiology of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla.
  2. Regulation of secretion of endocrine glands.

Reproduction

  1. Introduction in general and types of reproduction.
  2. Physiology of testes and ovaries.
  3. Physiology of menstruation, pregnancy and lactation.
  4. Placenta and its function, foetal circulation and respiration.

Central Nervous System

  1. General Organisation, structure and function of nerve cell and neuralgia.
  2. Cerebrospinal fluid.
  3. Physiology of synapse and receptor organs.
  4. Physiology of reflex action-classification properties etc. of reflexes.
  5. Sensory and motor tracts and effects of sections transaction & hemisection of the spinal cord.
  6. Spinal, decereberate and decorticate preparations and Regulations of posture and equilibrium.
  7. Reticular formation.
  8. Cerebellum and basal ganglia.
  9. Sensory and motor cortex.
  10. Physiology of voluntary movements.
  11. Higher functions of cortex: sleep and wakefulness, EEG, memory, speech, learning.
  12. Physiology of thalamus and hypothalamus and limbic system.
  13. Physiology of autonomic nervous system, peripheral and central mechanism.

Special Senses

  1. Physiology of taste and smell sensation.
  2. Ear-General anatomy, conduction of sound waves through external, middle and internal ear.
  3. Peripheral and central mechanism of hearing and auditory pathways.
  4. General anatomy refractory media and protective mechanisms in Eye.
  5. Formation, circulation and functions of aquous humor.
  6. Physiology of optics, Formation of image, accommodation errors of refraction, acuity of vision.
  7. Physiology of retina photographer functions, dark and light adoption, photochemistry of vision, colour vision.
  8. Visual pathway and effects of various levels.

Nutrition

  1. Balanced diet and special dietary requirements during pregnancy, lactation and grown.

BIOCHEMISTRY

  • Biochemical principles and elementary constituents of protoplasm
  • Chemistry of proteins
  • Chemistry of carbohydrates
  • Chemistry of lipids
  • Enzymes and vitamins
  • Metabolism of proteins, fats carbohydrates, minerals, Biophysical process and their principles in relation to human body

LIST OF PRACTICALS IN PHYSIOLOGY

  1. Method of Collection of Blood.
  2. Haemoglobinometry.
  3. The Microscope-Construction; Use & Care.
  4. Total White Blood Cell Count.
  5. Differential WBC count.
  6. Packed Cell Volume.
  7. Packed Cell Volume.
  8. Calculation of Blood Indices.
  9. E.S.R.
  10. Bleeding Time.
  11. Clotting Time.
  12. Blood Groups.
  13. History taking and General Examination.
  14. Examination of Alimentary System.
  15. Examination of the cardiovascular system.
  16. Pulse.
  17. Determination of Arterial Blood Pressure in Humans and effect of posture, exercise and Cold stress.
  18. Clinical Examination of the Respiratory system, E.C.G.
  19. Stethography.
  20. Spirometry.
  21. Examination of Higher Functions.
  22. Cranial Nerves.
  23. Motor Functions.
  24. Reflexes.
  25. Sensory system.
  26. Recording of Body Temperature.

LIST OF DEMONSTRATION

  1. Varieties of Stimuli: Faradic or induced and Galuanic or Constant Current Apparatus Used in the Laboratory.
  2. Excitability of Muscle.
  3. Effect of Graded Stimuli.
  4. Simple Muscle Twitch, Effect of temperature on the muscle.
  5. Effect of two successive stimuli on the Skeletal Muscle of Frog.
  6. Genesis of Tetanus.
  7. Fatigue.
  8. Effects of Fee and after Loading on Frog's Gastrocnemius Muscle.
  9. Heart Block.
  10. Properties of Cardiac Muscle.
  11. Perfusion of Mammalian Heart and effect of various ions on it.
  12. Effect of stimulation of Vagosympathetic Trunk and Crescent on Frog's Heart.
  13. Effect of Acetylcholine on Heart.
  14. Effect of Adrenaline on Frog's Heart.
  15. Action of Nicotine on Frog's Heart.
  16. Photokinetic stimulation, Ophthalmoscopy and Tonometry.
  17. Recording Mammalian blood pressure and respiration and study of factors influencing them.
  18. Specific Gravity of Blood.
  19. Gastric Analysis.

PRACTICAL IN BIOCHEMISTRY

  1. Introduction to Biochemistry and familiarization with laboratory Instruments.
  2. Study of Disaccbarides- Lactose, Maltose & Sucrose.
  3. Study of Polysaccharides Starch, Dextrin & Glycogen.
  4. Introduction of Proteins.
  5. Normal Urine report (Inorganic and Organic Constituents).
  6. Unknown solutions Study.
  7. Quantitative & Estimation of Glucose in Urine.

Paper-I

Elements of Biophysics, Biochemistry, Blood and lymph, Cardiovascular system, Reticuloendothelial system, spleen, Respiratory system Excretory System, Skin, regulation of body temperature, sense organs.

Paper-II

Endocrine organs, nervous system, nerve muscles physiology, Digestive system and metabolism, Biochemistry of protein, carbohydrate and lipoid, enzymes, Nutrition.

Practical Examination

  1. Examination of Physical and chemical constituents of normal and abnormal urine (qualitative).
  2. Enumeration of total cell count of Blood (R.B.C. or W.B.C.) or differential count of peripheral blood or estimation of percentage of HB.
  3. Viva-voce on instruments and apparatus.
  4. Biochemistry examination of proteins/carbohydrate/lipoid.
  5. Experimental physiology.
  6. Laboratory Note-Book.
  7. Viva-voce on experiments

Homoeopathic Pharmacy

Theory

Instruction in Homoeopathic Pharmacy should be so planned as to present general working knowledge of an industry and dispensing various preparation. Major emphasis should be laid on evolution and relationship of Homoeopathic Pharmacy to Organon and Materia Medica, the concept of drug Proving and Dynamisation.
The curriculum of Homoeopathic Pharmacy should be divided under following headings :-

Part I:- Orientation to subject elementary history of Botany, Zoology and Chemistry with rules of their nomenclature and their respective terminologies.

  1. (A)  Explanation of terms like common names, synonyms, Hyponyms, typonyms, invalid names.
    (B)  Advantages and disadvantages of Commercial names and botanical names.
    (C)  Anomalies in the nomenclature of Homoeopathic Drugs.
  2. Schools of Medicine: their discovery, principles pharmacology and Materia Medica, scope and limitations.
  3. History of the art and science of Pharmaceutics.
  4. Literature on Homoeopathic Pharmaceutics.
  5. Sources of Homoeopathic Pharmacy.
  6. Homoeopathic Pharmacy: its speciality and originality.
  7. Importance of the knowledge of Pharmacy.
  8. Sources of knowledge about curative powers of the technique of Drug proving in Homoeopathy.
  9. Aspects of Pharmacy.
  10. Relation of Pharmaceutics with other sciences.
  11. Inter-relationship of different schools of Pharmacy with emphasis on relationship of Allopathic and Homoeopathic Pharmacy.
  12. Properties of Drugs.
  13. (a) Routes of Administration of drugs in general.
    (b) Routes of Administration of Homoeopathic remedies.
    a. Action of Drugs.
    b. Uses of Drugs.

Part-II

Explanation and definitions of:-

  1. Foods, Poisons, cosmetics.
  2. Drug substance, Drug, Medicine, Remedy.
  3. Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Pharmacopoeia, Pharmacodynamics and other related terms used in relation to the subject. Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia,

Homoeopathic Pharmacy in relation to:-

  1. Organon of Medicine Aphorism 264 to 285.
  2. Materia Medica.
  3. National Economy.

Pharmacy and Pharmacopoeia: esits Sourc and relation with other sciences. Classification of Homoeopathic Medicines according to their.

  1. Botanical and
  2. Zoological natural orders.

English name of each medicine.

Common names in Indian Languages like Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannad, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telgu, Urdu, Oriya etc. with emphasis on the students learning the common names of their region.

Posology

Homoeopathic Posology: Its logic, advantages and dis-advantages. Potentisation: Its logic, scientificity and evolution and scales.

Vehicles

Scales for preparation of drugs Pharmacological Action of Polychrest medicines (50 medicine list attached) Abbreviations used in prescription writing. Legal part: legislation in respect of Homoeopathic Pharmacy, Drug and Cosmetic Act, Poison Act, Pharmacy Act.

PRACTICAL

  1. Identification, and uses of Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical instruments and appliances and their cleaning.
  2. Identification of important Homoeopathic Drugs (vide list attached)
    (i) Macroscopic study of 30 drugs substances and listed in Appendix I,
    (ii) Collection of 30 drugs substances for herbarium.
    (iii) Microscopic study of two triturations up to 3x potency.
  3. Estimation of moisture content of one drug substance with water bath.
  4. Purity test of ethyl alcohol, distilled water, sugar of milk, including determination of specific gravity of distilled water and alcohol.
  5. Estimation of size of globule, its medication of milk sugar and distilled water making of doses.
  6. Preparation and dispensing and dilute alcohol solutions and dilutions.
  7. Preparations of mother tinctures of 3 polycrests.
  8. Preparations of trituration of 3 crude drugs upto 3X.
  9. Preparation of mother tinctures and solutions other than 10 percent Drug strength.
  10. Potentisation of 3 mother tinctures upto 6 decimal scale and 3 centesimal scale.
  11. Trituration of 3 drugs upto 6x and their conversion into liquid potencies.
  12. Preparation of external applications one of each.
  13. Writing of prescriptions and dispensing of the same.
  14. Laboratory methods:-
    (a) Sublimation
    (b) Distillation
    (c) Decantation
    (d) Filtration
    (e) Crystallization
    (f) Percolation
  15. Visit to a Homoeopathic Laboratory to study the manufacturing of drugs on a large scale.

APPENDIX:

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION

List of Drugs included the Syllabus of Pharmacy for study of Pharmacological action (30)

  1. Aconite nap
  2. Adonis vernalis
  3. Allium cepa
  4. Argentum nit
  5. Arsenic alb
  6. Belladonna
  7. Cactus G
  8. Cantharis
  9. Cannabis ind
  10. Cannabis sat
  11. Cinchonna off
  12. Coffea crud
  13. Crataegus
  14. Crotalus hor
  15. Gelsemium
  1. Glononie
  2. Hydrastis Can
  3. Hyoscynamus n
  4. Kali bich
  5. Lachesis
  6. Lihium carb
  7. Mercurius cor
  8. Naja t
  9. Nitric acid
  10. Nux vomica
  11. Passiflora incarnata
  12. Stannum met
  13. Stramonium
  14. Symphytum
  15. Tabacum

LIST OF DRUGS FOR IDENTIFICATION

1. VEGETABLE KINGDOM

  1. Aegle folia
  2. Anancardium Orientale
  3. Andrographis penniculata
  4. Calendula offic
  5. Cassia sophera
  6. Cinchonna off
  7. Cocculus indicus
  8. Coffeea cruda
  9. Colocynth cittrallus
  10. Crocus sativa
  11. Croton tig
  12. Cynodon
  13. Ficus religiosa
  1. Holerrhena antidysentrica
  2. Hydrocotyle
  3. Justisia adhatoda
  4. Lobelia inflata
  5. Nux vomica
  6. Ocimum
  7. Opium
  8. Rauwolfia serpentine
  9. Rheum
  10. Saraca indica
  11. Senna (cassia acutifolia)
  12. Stramonium met
  13. Vinca minor

II. CHEMICALS

  1. Acetic Acid
  2. Alumina
  3. Argentum metallicum
  4. Argentum nitricum
  5. Arsenic alb
  6. Calcarea carb
  1. Carbo veg (charcoal)
  2. Graphitis
  3. Magnesium
  4. Mercury ( the metal)
  5. Natrum mur
  6. Sulphur

II. ANIMAL KINGDOM

  1. Apis malefic
  2. Blatta orientalis
  3. Formica ruba
  1. Sepia
  2. Tarentula cubensis

HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA

1. Homoeopathic Materia Medica is differently constructed as compared to other Materia Medica. Homoeopathy considered that study of the action of drugs on individual parts or systems of the body or on animal or their isolated organs is only a partial study of life processes under such action and that it does not lead us to a full appreciation of the action of the medicinal agent; the drug agent as a whole is lost sight of.

2. Essential and complete knowledge of the drug action as a whole can be supplied only by qualitative synoptic drug experiments on healthy persons and this alone can make it possible to view all the scattered data in relation to the psychosomatic whole of a person and it is just such a person as a whole to whom the knowledge of drug action is to be applied.

3. The Homoeopathic Materia Medica consists of a schematic arrangement of symptoms produced by each drug, incorporating no theories for explanations about their interpretation or inter-relationship. Each drug should be studied synthetically, analytically and comparatively, and this alone would enable a Homoeopathic student to study each drug individually and as a whole and help him to be a good prescriber.

4. Polychrests and the most commonly indicated drugs for every day ailments should be taken up first so that in the clinical classes or outdoor duties the students become familiar with their applications. They should be thoroughly dealt with explaining all comparisons and relationship. Students should be conversant with their sphere or action and family relationship.
The less common and rare drugs should be taught in outline, emphasizing only their most salient features and symptoms. Rare drugs should be dealt with later.

5. Tutorials must be introduced so that students in small numbers can be in close touch with teachers and can be helped to study and understand Materia Medica in relation to its application in the treatment of the sick.

6. While teaching therapeutics an attempt should be made to recall the Materia Medica so that indications for drugs in a clinical condition can directly flow out from the proving of the drugs concerned. The student should be encouraged to apply the resources of the vast Materia Medica in any sickness and not limit himself to memorize a few drugs for a particular disease. This Hahnemannian approach will not only help him in understanding the proper perspective of symptoms as applied and their curative value in sickness but will even lighten his burden as far as formal examination are concerned. Otherwise the present trend produces the allopathic approach to treatment of diseases and it contradictory to the teaching of Organon.
Application of Materia Medica should be demonstrated from cases in the outdoor and hospital wards.

Lectures on comparative Materia Medica and therapeutics as well as tutorials should be as far as possible be integrated with lectures on clinical medicine in the various departments.

7. For the teaching of drugs the college should keep herbarium sheets and other specimens for demonstrations to the students. Lectures should be made interesting and slides of plants and materials may be projected.

8. A. Introductory lectures: Teaching of the Homoeopathic Materia Medica should include:-

  1. Nature and scope of Homoeopathic Materia Medica.
  2. Sources of Homoeopathic Materia Medica.
  3. Different ways of studying the Materia Medica.

B. The drugs are to be taught under the following heads:-

  1. Common name, natural, order, habitat, part used, preparation.
  2. Sources of drug proving.
  3. Symptomatology of the drug emphasizing the characteristic symptoms and modalities.
  4. Comparative study of drugs.
  5. Complimentary, inimical, antidotal and concomitant remedies.
  6. Therapeutic applications (applied Materia Medica).

C. A study of 12 issue remedies according to Schusler's biochemic system of medicine

APPENDIX-I

  1. Acontile nap
  2. Aethusa cyan
  3. Allium cepa
  4. Aloe socotrina
  5. Antimonium crud
  6. Antimonium tart
  7. Apis malefic
  8. Argentum nit
  9. Arnica Montana
  10. Bryonia alb
  11. Chamomilla
  12. Cina
  1. Colchicum autumn.
  2. Colocynthis
  3. Dulcamara
  4. Ipecac
  5. Ledum Pal
  6. Nux vomica
  7. Rhus tox
  8. Calcarea flour
  9. Calcarea phos
  10. Calcarea sulph
  11. Ferrum phos
  12. Silicea
  13. Euphrasia

APPENDIX-II

Syllabus of Materia Medica for the II B.H.M.S. Examination.
In addition to the list of drugs for the first B.H.M.S. Examination (Appendix I), the following additional drugs are included in the Syllabus of Materia Medica for the II B.H.M.S. Examination.

  1. Acetic acid
  2. Actea recemosa
  3. Agaricus muscarius
  4. Agnus castus
  5. Alumina
  6. Ambra grisea
  7. Ammonium carb
  8. Ammonium mur
  9. Anacardium ori
  10. Apocynum can
  11. Arsenic album
  12. Arsenic iod
  13. Aurum met
  14. Arum triph
  15. Baptisia tinctor
  16. Berberris vulg
  17. Bismuth
  18. Borax
  19. Bromium
  20. Bovista
  21. Cactus g
  22. Calcarea ars
  23. Calendula
  24. Camphora
  25. Cantharis
  1. Chelidonium maj
  2. Conium mac
  3. Digitalis per
  4. Drosera
  5. Ferrum met
  6. Gelsemiun
  7. Helliborus
  8. Hepar sulph
  9. Ignatia
  10. Kali brom
  11. Kreosatum
  12. Natrum carb
  13. Nux moschata
  14. Opium
  15. Petroleum
  16. Phosphorus
  17. Phytolocca
  18. Platina met
  19. Sepia
  20. Spongia tost
  21. Veratrum alb
  22. Kali mur
  23. Kali phos
  24. Magnesia Ph
  25. Natrum sulph

APPENDIX III

In addition to the drugs mentioned in Appendix I&II, the following additional drugs are included in the syllabus of Materia Medica for the 3rd BHMS Examinations:-
  1. Actea spicata
  2. Adonis vernalis
  3. Antimonium ars
  4. Argentum metallicum
  5. Asafoetida
  6. Asterins rubens
  7. Baryta carb
  8. Belladonna
  9. Benzoic acid
  10. Bufo rana
  11. Caladium
  12. Calcarea carb
  13. Cannabis indica
  14. Cannabis sativa
  15. Carbo vegitabilis
  16. Causticum
  17. Crotalus hor
  18. Croton tig
  19. Cuprum met
  20. Cyclamen
  21. Diaoscorea villosa
  22. Equisetum
  23. Graphitis
  24. Hyoscymus n
  25. Hypericum
  26. Iodum
  27. Kali carb
  28. Kali sulph
  29. Kalmia latfolia
  30. Lachesis
  31. Lycopodium
  32. Mercurius sol
  33. Mercurius cor
  34. Mercurius sulph
  35. Moschus
  1. Murex
  2. Muriatic acid
  3. Najat
  4. Natrum mur
  5. Natrum phos
  6. Nitric acid
  7. Onosmodium
  8. Oxalic acid
  9. Petroleum
  10. Phosophoric acid
  11. Physostigma
  12. Picric acid
  13. Plumbum met
  14. Podophyllum
  15. Pulsatilla
  16. Secale cor
  17. Selenium
  18. Staphisagria
  19. Stramonium
  20. Sticta p
  21. Sulphur
  22. Sulphuric acid
  23. Symphytum
  24. Syphylinum
  25. Tabacum
  26. Taraxacum
  27. Tarentula C
  28. Teribinthina
  29. Thalapsi bursa p
  30. Theridion
  31. Thuja
  32. Thyroidinum
  33. Vaccinum
  34. Zincum met

APPENDIX IV

List of drugs included in the Syllabus of IV B.H.M.S. examination:-
  1. Abies can
  2. Abies nig
  3. Abroma Augusta
  4. Abrotanum
  5. Acalypha indica
  6. Anthracinum
  7. Bacillinum
  8. Baryta mur
  9. Bellis per
  10. Calotropis indica
  11. Capsicum
  12. Carbo animalis
  13. Carbolic acid
  14. Carrica papaya
  15. Cassia saphora
  16. Caulophyllum
  17. Cedron
  18. Cicuta virosa
  19. Clematis
  20. Cocculus indica
  21. Coffea cruda
  22. Collinsonia
  23. Condurango
  24. Corallium
  25. Crataegus
  26. Crocus sativa
  27. Eupatorium per
  28. Ficus religiosa
  29. Flouric acid
  30. Glonoine
  31. Hellonius
  32. Hydrastis can
  33. Hydrocotyle as
  34. Jonosia asoka
  35. Justicia adhatoda
  36. Lac can
  37. Lac def
  38. Lilium tig
  39. Lithium carb
  40. Lobelia inf
  41. Lyssin
  1. Magnesia carb
  2. Magnesia mur
  3. Medorrhinum
  4. Melilotus a
  5. Mephitis
  6. Mercurius cynatus
  7. Mercurius dull
  8. Mezerium
  9. Millifolium
  10. Occimum sanct
  11. Psorinum
  12. Pyrogenum
  13. Radium bromide
  14. Rananculus bulb
  15. Raphanus
  16. Rathania
  17. Rauwolfia serpentine
  18. Rheum
  19. Rhododendron
  20. Rumex
  21. Ruta G.
  22. Sabadilla
  23. Sabal Serulatta
  24. Sabina
  25. Sambucus
  26. Sangunaria can
  27. Sanicula
  28. Sarasaparilla
  29. Spigelia
  30. Squila
  31. Stannum met
  32. Syzygium jambolanum
  33. Trillium pendulum
  34. Urtica urens
  35. Vaccinum
  36. Variolinum
  37. Veratrum viride
  38. Vibrinum opulus
  39. Vinca minor
  40. Vipera

II. B.H.M.S.

GENERAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY (INCLUDING PARASITOLOGY, BACTERIOLOGY AND VIROLOGY)

Study of pathology must be in relation with concept of Miasm as evolved by Dr. Hahnemann and further developed by Kent, Boger, Robert and Allen.

Concept of Miasm in view of Pathology, Reference to Koch's Postulate.
Importance of susceptibility and immunity thereby homoeopathic concept of Disease and Cure.

- Characteristic expression of each miasm.
- Classification of symptoms/disease according to Pathology.
- Correlation of Miasm and Pathology for e.g. Psora inflammation etc.
- Natural evolution in Pathology.
- Resolution Inflammatory exudative.
- Degeneration, Suppurative
- Interpretation of Pathological report of all diseases and correlate the utility of it in Homoeopathic system of Medicine.

Similarly all the topics in General Pathology and Systemic Pathology must be co-related, at each juncture, so that the importance of Pathology is understood by a Under-Graduate student in Homoeopathy.

Topics of General Pathology in Relation with Miasms

- Inflammation Repair Healing Injury
- Immunity
- Degeneration.
- Neoplasm
- Thrombosis
- Embolism
- Oedema
-

Disturbances of Pigment Metabolism
-  Calcium Metabolism
-  Uric Acid Metabolism
-  Amino Acid Metabolism
-  Carbohydrate Metabolism
-  Fat Metabolism
-  Healing

- Hypertrophy
- Hyperplasia
- Anaplasia
- Metaplasia
- Ischaemia
- Haemorrhage
- Shock
- Atrophy
- Relaxation
- Hyperemia
- Infection
- Pyrexia
- Necrosis
- Gangrene
- Infarction

SYSTEMIC PATHOLOGY

In each system the important and common disease should be done. By keeping in view its evolution, mode of presentation, progress and outcome of the disease. For e.g.

In Alimentary System

  • Tongue
  • Ulcer, Tumour
  • Oral Cavity
  • Thrush, Tumour
  • Oesophagus
  • Inflammatory Disease, Tumour
  • Stomach
  • Inflammatory Disease
  • Auto Immune Disease
  • Tumour
  • Duodenum
  • Inflammatory Disease, Acid Pepsin
  • Digestion
  • Intenstine Small and Large
  • Ulcers, Infection,
  • Tumour, Malabsorption
  • Appendix
  • Inflammatory Disease
  • Liver
  • Inflammatory Disease
  • Tumours
  • Cirrhosis
  • Jaundice
  • Gall Bladder
  • Inflammatory Disease
  • Tumour
  • Pancreas
  • Inflammatory Disease
  • Tumour
  • Cardio Vascular Disease
  • Common Disorders
  • Central Nervous Disease
  • Common Disorders
  • Respiratory Disorders
  • Common Disease
  • Kidneys
  • Common disorders
  • Tumours
  • Urodynamics
  • Genitals Male and Female
  • Common Disorder
  • Tumours
  • Skeletal and Muscular Disease
  • Common Disorders
  • Skin
  • Common Disorders, Melanoma, etc.
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Complete Haematology

Practical

Clinical and Chemical Pathology:-

Estimation of haemoglobin (by acidometer) Count of R.B.Cs. and W.B.Cs. staining of thin and thick films, differential counts and parasites.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, urine, physical, chemical microscopical, quantity of albumin and sugar, faces-physical chemical (occult blood) and microscopical for ova and protozoa.

Methods of sterilization, preparation of a media, use of microscope. Gram and acid fast stains. Motality preparation. Gram positive and negative cocci and bacilli. Special stains for corynebacterium-gram and acid fast stains of pus and sputum.

Haconkeys plate-sugar reactions-gram stain and motility of gram negative intestine bacteria, Widal and demonstration of Pasteur and of spirochetes by dark field illumination Fountain's strain-Lovaditt's stain. Demonstration of Methods of nacrobiosis.

Histopathology

Common teaching side from each systems. Demonstration of gross Pathological specimen. Practical demonstration of Histopathlogical techniques i.e. Fixation, Embedding.

  • Sectioning staining by common dyes and strain.
  • Frozen section. Its importance.
  • Electron Microscopy
  • Phase contrast microscopy.

1.   BACTERIOLOGY:

Morphology, biology, sterilization, chemotherapy, principles of artificial media, infection, defence reaction, immunity, hypersensitiveness, skin tests, systematic study of bacteria habits, importance morphological, cultural biochemical, serological and toxic behaviour of the common pathogenic and non-pathogenic species. Pathologic changes produced by diseases bacteria and their laboratory diagnosis. Staphylococci, streptococci, displococci, Neisseria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Types) mycobacterium leprae, names and differentiation of spirochetes from pathogenic mycobacterium corynobacterium diphtheria. Aerobic spore bearing bacteria-bacillus anthreis, anaerobes, general and special features of the pathogens. Names of some important non-pathogens. Gram negative, intestinal bacteria classification, identification of the pathogen salmonella, vibric, bacterium, pasteruella, general idea about haemophiles, pseudomonas, brucella, ricktsia, proteus, spirochaetes-general idea details of treponema palladium and leptospiraictero haemorrhagica.

Viruses-general characters, classification of disease, e.g. varecella, Rabies, bacteriophage. Koch's postulates

2.  PARASITOLOGY:

Protozoa-classification names of important rhizopoda, ent. Histolytica, pathogenesis and pathogenecity, diagnosis, difference from ent. Coli, sporozen species of plasmodia life history and pathogenesis differentiation of species.

Mastigophora-general broad morphological features classification, pathogenesis, vectors, pathology of Kala-Azar, important features source disease due to balantidium coli.

Helimnths-definition of certain terms, simple classification, differences between nematodes cestodoes and treamatodes Broad differentiating morphological features and broad life history and pathogenesis of important species, Cestodes and Nematodes-infecting liver, lungs, intestines and blood-general differences between schislosomes and other trematodes.

3.  VIROLOGY:

  • Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
  • Host Parasite Relationship
  • Disinfectants Mode of action
  • Practical aspects of Immunology i.e. Application in diagnosis, Passive Immunization, Immunopathies in brief including AIDS.
  • Bacteria Genetics (briefly)

4.  KIDNEY BLADDER URETER URETHRA

  • Glemerulo Nephritis
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Tuberecular Pyelonephritis
  • Nephrotic Syndrom
  • Metabolic Diseases and Kidney
  • Systemic diseases and Kidney
  • Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
  • Kidney Tumours
  • Calculi
  • Cystitis
  • Ureteric Stricture
  • Urethritis, Specific and Non Specific
  • Renal Function Test in Relation to Homoeopathy

CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES

  • Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Infective Endocarditis
  • Congestive Cardiac Failure
  • Diseases of Pericardium
  • Cardiogenic Shock

MALE AND FEMALE GENITAL DISEASES

  • Testicular Tumors
  • Acute and Chronic Prostatitis
  • Prostatic Tumours
  • Sterlity
  • CA Penis
  • Ovarian Tumours
  • Fibroids
  • CA Cervix
  • Infertility
  • Endometriosis and Endometrium
  • Breast Inflammation and Tumours

RESPIRATORY DISEASES

  • Pulmonary function test
  • Bronchial Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronochiactesis
  • Emphysema
  • Empyema
  • Cor. Pulmonari
  • Pheumonia
  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma
  • Interstitial Lung Diseases

GASTRO INTESTINAL DISEASES

  • Tongue, Stomatitis, Ulcers, Tumours
  • Oesophagus, Reflex Oesophagitis
  • Tumour of Oesophagus
  • Stomach, Gastritis, CA Stomach, Gastric Ulcers
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, CA Liver
  • Liver abscess.
  • Liver Function Test
  • Gall Stones
  • Pancreas Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis, CA pancreas
  • Intestines Ulcers, Duodenal colics, CA Colon and Rectum
  • Tumours
  • Mal absorption syndrome
  • Infections
  • Appendix, Acute Appendicitis

SKIN DISEASES

  • Infection and Tumours

BONES DISEASES

  • Sarcoma, Osteoma, Paget's diseases
  • Osteomyelitis, Tubercular Osteomyelitis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteo Arthritis

GENERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

  • Meningitis Pyogenic/Tubercular

CEREBRO SPINAL FLUIDS

  • Picture of various Diseases

ENDOCRINAL SYSTEM

  • Thyroid, Diabetes Mellitus

Ist Paper General Systemic Pathology and Miasms

IInd Paper- Bacteriology, Parasitology and clinical Pathology

(Each divided into Two Sections)

Pathology Practical

Experimental/Microbiological Spots, Readings and Interpretation of Pathological Reports.

II. B.H.M.S.

FORENSIC MEDICINE AND TOXICOLOGY

The subject is of practical importance to the students of homoeopathic medicine as homoeopathic physicians are to be employed by Government in areas where they may have to handle medico-legal-cases, perform autopsies, apart from giving evidence in such cases. The training in forensic medicine at present conducted is inadequate to meet these needs.

The course consist of a series of lectures and demonstrations including

1. Legal Procedure:
Definition of medical Jurisprudence. Courts, and their Jurisdiction.

2. Medical ethics :
Law relating to medical registration and Medical relation between practitioners and the State. The Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 and the Code of Ethics under it, the practitioners and the patients, Malpractices covering professional secrecy, the practitioner and the various legislations (Acts) Provincial and Union such as Workman's compensation Act, Public Health Act, Injuries Act, Child Marriage Registration Act, Brostal Schools Act, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act. Lunacy Act, Indian Evidence Act etc.

3. Forensic Medicine:
Examination and identification of person living and dead: parts, bones, stains, etc. health, Medicolegal: putrefaction, mummification, saponification, forms of death, causes, agencies, onset etc. Assaults, wounds, injuries and death by violence. Asphyxial death, blood examination, blood stains, seminal stains: burns, scalds, lighting stroke etc. Starvation, pregnancy, delivery, abortion, Infanticide, sexual Crimes, Insanity in relation to the State life and accident insurance

Toxicology
A separate course of lectures dealing poisoning in general, the symptoms and treatments of various poisons, post-mortem appearance and test should be given, study of the following poisons:-
Mineral Acid, corrosive, sublimate, arsenic and its compound alcohol, opium and its alkaloids, carbolic acid, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide. Kerosene oil, cannabis indica, cocaine, Belladonna, strychnine and nux vomica, aconite, oleander, snake poisoning, prussic acid, lead.

4. Medico legal post-mortem:
Recording post-mortem appearance, forwarding materials to chemical examiner: Interpretation of laboratory and chemical examiner's findings. Students who are attending a course of lecture in forensic medicine should avail themselves of all possible opportunities of attending medico-legal post-mortems conducted by the professors of forensic medicine. It is expected that each student should attend at least 10 post-mortems.

5. Demonstration:

  1. Weapons,
  2. Organic & Inorganic poisons
  3. Poisonous plants
  4. Charts, diagram, models, x-ray films etc. of medico-legal interest

PRACTICE OF MEDICINE

Homoeopathy has a distinct approach to the concept of Disease. It recognizes an ailing individual by studying him as a whole rather than in terms of sick parts. It emphasizes the study of the Man from his State of Health, till it travels to state of presenting illness, incorporating all major events and contributing factors in the process.

The individualization study as above needs following background so that the striking aspects which are characteristic to the individual become clear, In contrast to the common picture of the respective Health disturbances:

  1. Primary correlation of the Health disturbances with basics of Anatomy Physiology-Biochemistry.
  2. Knowledge of common evolution of study about its causation, manifestations, maintenance and prognosis details.
  3. Knowledge about factors which will worsen and improve the disturbance, including various medicines and non-medical measures and respective possible response elucidation by application of measures.

The study obviously emphasizes more on:

A. Comprehension of Applied part.
B. Sound clinical training at bedside to be able to apply the learning accurately.

These can lead towards developing a Homoeopathic Physician who will not be deficient at the practical Science of Medicine. He should be trained in a manner in which he is not locked up in Rare syndromes as Theoretical Exercise. Exercises but as a sound clinician with adequate discrimination, sharp observation and conceptual clarity. He will then be able to mould an effective appreciation of the patients picture utilizing his knowledge of Medicine.

To evolve the above, following distribution of Theory and Practical Training in suggested so that there is gradual but clear and firm comprehension.

  • Course of Study
    • 3 years
    • i.e. in II (Second) BHMS
    • in III (Third) BHMS and
    • in IV (Fourth) BHMS

Examination to be conducted at the end of the IV (Fourth) BHMS. Also in the side of the topics are suggested co-ordinations (with other department) which will improve the caliber of imparting training in Medicine. The distribution is made keeping in mind about other subjects in II, III and IV BHMS and the respective state of learning of student.

IIND BHMS

  1. Clinical Methods of Examination of patients as whole:
  2. Respiratory diseases - Respective portion in surgery
  3. Alimentary Tract and Pancreas Disease- Respective portion in surgery

IIIRD BHMS

  1. Genetic Factors - Chronic Diseases and Miasms Dept. of Organon & Philosophy
  2. Nutritional diseases -Nutrition, Hygiene in Dept. of Community Medicine
  3. Immunological Factors in Diseases -Epidemiology in Dept. of Community medicine
  4. Climatric Factors in Diseases
  5. Metabolic Disease
  6. Endocrinal Diseases -Menstrual Disorder in Dept. of Gynaecology

The above all need follow up with respective Therapeutics Topics also.

IVTH BHMS

  1. Liver and Biliary Tract Diseases
  2. Hematological Diseases
  3. Cardiovascular system Diseases
  4. Kidneys & Urinary Tracts Diseases
  5. Water and Electrolytes balance Diseases
  6. Connective Tissue Disorders
  7. Bones and Joints Disorders
  8. Skin Diseases
  9. CNS & peripheral nervous system-Mental Diseases
  10. Acute Emergencies including poisonings
  11. Paediatrics

The above in these terms will require a follow up of strong and emphatic training on Homoeopathic Therapeutics for the same.

It will be conducted in IV (fourth) BHMS at the end of 3 years of course of study in Theoretical and Practical aspects of Medicine.

Eligibility for examination shall include submission of 10 complete case histories, 5 each prepared in III and IV BHMS.

PRACTICAL &CLINICAL EXAMINATION

The examination procedure will include one case to be prepared and presented to the examiner. The examiners will put stress on
  1. Comprehensive case taking
  2. Bedside procedure Investigations for diagnosis
  3. Principles of management

GENERAL GUIDANCE: THERAPEUTICS

Homoeopathy has a distinct approach to disease. Concept of individualization and concept of chronic miasm makes it distinct.

It recognizes an ailing individual by studying him as a whole rather than in terms of sick parts. It emphasizes that study of man from the state of Health i.e. DISPOSITION DIATHESIS DISEASE, taking into account all predisposing and precipitating factors i.e. FUNDAMENTAL CAUSE, MAINTAINING CAUSE & EXCITING CAUSE.

Hahnemann's theory of chronic miasm provides us an evolutionary understanding of the chronic disease: PSORA-SYCOSIS-SYPHILIS & acute manifestations of Chronic Disease, Evolution of the natural disease shall be comprehended in the light of theory or chronic miasm. How our current knowledge of Pathology and clinical medicine assist in defining this must be demonstrated.

Study of therapeutics does not mean simply list of specifics. For the clinical condition, but teaching of applied Materia Medica. Here we demonstrate how various drugs would come up in psoric, sycotic, tubercular or syphilitic state of the clinical conditions. Thus emphasis would be in correlating pace of evolution of disease, peculiar, respectively and cluster of characteristics.

Thus teaching of therapeutics of Hypertension would demand delineation of various phases of hypertension taking into account what is happening to the STRUCTURE and what kind of forms are thrown off. Psoric phase would be characterized by LABILE hypertension which shoots up under stress especially with rise in systolic and manifesting flushes and emotional disturbances.

This would draw our attention to drugs like GELSEMIUM, GLONINE, FERRUM MET etc. This is the functional phase. Tubercular hypertension would be characterized by fairly high systolic and diastolic B.P. oscillating wildly at higher range, manifesting bleeding like epistaxis etc. with erratic mental state. This will draw attention to PHOSPHORUS, LACHESIS etc.

Syphilitic dimension would be characterized by immense destructive damage at target organs like heart, kidney and retina.

Thus teachings of THERAPEUTICS would essentially demand an effective correlation of:

  1. Knowledge of clinical/medicine/Surgery
  2. Appreciation of Natural disease its evolution in the light of Theory of chronic miasm. Thus correlation with Organon Philosophy.
  3. Applied Materia Medica and Repertory:

Comprehending drug picture from the evolutionary angle- Boger's approach towards Materia Medica and its application for the study of various clinical patterns of Natural disease.

Correlation with MATERIA MEDICA and with REPERTORY.

PAPER I: As per syllabus of II &III BHMS
PAPER II: As per the syllabus of IV BHMS
PAPER III: Homoeopathic Therapeutic

SURGERY

Homoeopathy as a Science need clear application on part of the physician to decide about the best course actions required to restore the sick to health.

Knowledge about surgical Disorders is required to be grasped will so that the Homoeopathic Physician is able to:-

  1. Diagnose common surgical cases.
  2. Institute homoeopathic medical treatment wherever possible.
  3. Organise Pre and Post-operative Homoeopathic medicinal care as total/partial responsibility. And
  4. Organize a complete Homoeopathic care for restoring the susceptibility of the patient to normally.

The conceptual clarity and Database needed for above is possible only by an effective co-ordination of the care of the patients.

The study shall include training on :

  1. Knowledge of causation, manifestation, maintenance and prognosis of Health Disorders related to Surgery with stress on miasmatic evolution.
  2. Bedside clinical procedures.
  3. Correlation of applied aspects, with factors which can modify the course of illness, including medicinal and non-medicinal measures.

The above can assist a Homoeopathic Physician who will be a Rational Physician not one locked up in whirlpools of rare conditions but one who can apply all the basics for an ailing individual.

It will also facilitate him for individualization of the patient, necessary for final Homoeopathic management.
The study will start in II (Second) BHMS and complete in III (Third) BHMS.

Examination will be conducted in III (Third) BHMS.

Following is a plan to achieve the above, it takes into account about the II (Second) and III (Third) year BHMS syllabus and respective stage of development. Some points are made co-ordinating with other departments (for a better training in Surgery, ultimately).

That the SURGERY as a subject will include:-

  1. Principles of Surgery
  2. Fundamentals of Examination of a patient with surgical problems.
  3. Use of common Instruments for Examination of a patient, asepsis, antisepsis, Dressings, plaster, operative surgery etc.
  4. Practical Instruments, Training in Minor surgical Methods.
  5. Physiotherapy measures.
  6. Include also applied study in Radiology, etc. Diagnostics.
  7. Includes Orthopaedics, Ophthalmology, Dental Diseases, Otorhinolaryngiology and Neonatal Surgery.

IV BHMS

  1. What are surgical cases? Orientation towards case taking and Examination of Surgical patients (Details to be done as part of Practical Training).
  2. Applied anatomy and physiology its importance demonstration with good examples.
  3. Basics of general surgical procedures.
  4. Inflammation, Infections (Specific and Non-specific) Suppuration, Bacteriology, Immunity.
  5. Injuries of various kinds- wound healing and management including Ulcers, Sinuses, Gangrene, etc.
  6. Hemorrhage, shock, their management
  7. Resuscitation and support in emergencies.
  8. Accidents and Warfare injuries management.
  9. Burns Management.
  10. Fractures and Dislocation: general principles.
  11. Diseases of the bones: general principles including growing skeleton.
  12. Diseases of the joints: general principles including Rheumatology.
  13. Diseases of the muscles, tendons, Fascia, etc: General principles.
  14. Diseases of the Arteries: general principles.
  15. Diseases of the veins: general principles.
  16. Diseases of the Lymphatic system: general principles.
  17. Diseases of the nerves: general principles.
  18. Immunology: general Organ rejection, Transplants, etc.
  19. Oncology: Tumors, Cysts, etc. general principles of management.
  20. Congenital disorders: orientation and correction procedures.
  21. Lectures cum Demonstration on bandages, surgical appliances, etc.
  22. Lecture Demonstrations on x-rays.
  23. Surgical Diseases of the Infancy and Childhood.

The above has to be followed up with relevant systemic Surgery Topics so as to cover:

  1. All common clinical conditions of various parts.
  2. Their evolution, examination methods and diagnosis.
  3. Their investigations and prognosis
  4. Their management especially principles
  5. Relevant minor surgical procedures
  6. Preventive aspects

ORTHOPAEDICS: Study as above about injuries, inflammation, ulcer, sinus, tumors, cysts, etc. (related to common condition of all bones and joints including spine) with relevant management correlating with Physiotherapy etc.

OPHTHALMOLOGY: Knowledge of common diseases, accidents, injuries etc. of various parts of Eyes.
Clinical Examination of Eyes (various parts) using various instruments including Ophthalmoscopy.
Common Eye operations and relevant care of the patients.

OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (ENT): Study as above of Ears, Nose, Throat, Tracheobronchial Tree, Oesophagus.

Management Of Common SURGICAL PROCEDURES AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES:To be taught in theory as practice.

  1. Wounds, Abscesses, etc. Incision and Drainage.
  2. Venesections
  3. Dressings and plasters.
  4. Suturing of various types.
  5. Preoperative and post-operative care.
  6. Management of post operative complications.
  7. Management of shock
  8. Management of Acute Haemorrhage.
  9. Management of acute injury cases.
  10. Management of a Head Injury case.

The above is utmost necessary for any physician.

The above basically consists of Mechanical skilled procedure, supplementation, etc., measures which in no way interferes with scope and application of Law of Similars.

EXAMINATION

It will be conducted in III (THIRD) BHMS at end of 2 years of Course of study in theory and Practical Training of Surgery.

Eligibility for examination will include submission of 10 complete case histories, 5 (five) each from the study in II and III BHMS.

Paper I: Inflammation; infection; haemorrhage; shock; burns; ulcers and gangrene; tumors; cysts; injuries and diseases of nerves, muscles, tendon burase; lymphatic system, vascular system, spleen; general diseases, Ophthalmology.

Paper-II: Head, Neck, Thyroid, Breast, Congenital anomalies, Abdominal Surgeries, Gastrointestinal system, Bones Joints, Spine, Thoracic Surgery, Otolaryngology, Dental Surgery.

Paper-III: Exclusively on Homoeopathic Therapeutics.

PRACTICAL AND CLINICAL EXAMINATIONS

The examination will include one case to be prepared and presented by the examinees. The assessing examiners shall stress on:
  1. Comprehensive Case taking:
  2. Bedside Training:
  3. Adequate grasp over the process of Diagnosis:
  4. Adequate grasp over principles of management.

GYNAECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS INCLUDING INFANT CARE

The attitude towards study of this subject remains same as for Surgery. It will have to be emphasized that the Training in special clinical methods or investigation and treatment of local conditions will go a long way in managing Gynae & Obst. Cases.

There is a quite large part of the clinical territory of this subject which is amenable to Homoeopathic Treatment. Pregnancy and Development Phase of the foetus are very useful phases to treat a lot of familial dyscrasias. The problems studied herein constitute delicate phases of Female patients and have strong correlation with their general well being.

The study will start in II (Second) BHMS and complete in III (Third) BHMS, Examination will be held in III (Third) BHMS.

Following is the plan to achieve the above.

II BHMS

OBSTETRICS

  1. A Review of the Applied Anatomy.
  2. A Review of the Applied Physiology.
  3. Development of the Intra Uterine Pregnancy.
  4. Diagnosis of pregnancy.
  5. Ante-natal care.
  6. Abnormal Pregnancy: Introduction
  7. Normal labour
  8. Abnormal labour: Introduction.
  9. Post natal care Puerperal
  10. Abnormal Puerperal
  11. Care of the New born

GYNAECOLOGY

  1. Applied Anatomy and Physiology
  2. Gynaecological Examination
  3. Development abnormalities
  4. Endocrinal Axis: abnormalities
  5. Uterine displacements

III BHMS

OBSTETRICS

1. Abnormal Pregnancies: Abortions, Molar pregnancy, Extra Uterine, Diseases of placenta and membrane, Toxaemia of Pregnancy, Antepartum Hemorrhage, Disorders of Genital tract Retroversion, prolapse, Tumours, etc. Multiple Pregnancy, Protracted gestation.

2. Common disorders and systemic diseases associated with Pregnancy.

3. Labour Abnormal Position and Presentation, Twins, Prolapse of Cord and limbs, abnormalities in the action of the Uterus Abnormal condition of soft parts contracted Pelvis, obstructed labour, Complications of third stage of labour, injuries of birth canals.

4. Common Obstetrical operations.

5. Abnormal Puerperal: infections etc.

GYNAECOLOGY

Inflammation, ulceration and traumatic lesions of the female genital organs, Malignant/Non-malignant Growths, Common Gynaecological operations and radiotherapy.

  • Infant Care
  • Neonatal hygiene
  • Breast feeding
  • Artificial feeding
  • Management of premature child
  • Asphyxia
  • Birth injuries
  • Common disorders of new born

EXAMINATION

It will be conducted in III (Third) BHMS at the end of 2 years of Course of studying Theoretical and Practical aspects of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.

Eligibility for examination will include submission of 20 complete cases of different types (10 each in Gynaecology and Obstetrics).

Paper I: Obstetrics and Infant Care

Paper II: Gynaecology

Paper III: Exclusively for Homoeopathic Therapeutics

PRACTICAL & CLINICAL EXAMINATION

The Examinee will take and present one case. The examiners shall stress on:
  1. Comprehensive Case Taking.
  2. Bedside training.
  3. Adequate grasp over Diagnostics.
  4. Adequate grasp over Management Principles.

COMMUNITY MEDICINE

(including Health Education and Family Medicine)

Instructions in this course should be given in the Fourth year of medical studies by lectures, demonstrations and field studies. This subject is of utmost importance, and throughout the period of medical studies the attention of the student should be directed to the importance of preventive medicine and the measures for the promotion of positive health.

His function is not limited merely to prescribing homoeopathic medicines for curative purposes but he has a wider role to play, in the community. He has to be well conversant with the national health problems both or rural as well as urban areas, so that he can be assigned responsibilities to play as effective role not only in the filed of curative but also of preventive and social medicine including family planning.

1. Introduction to preventive and social medicine concept, man and society: aim and scope of preventive and social medicine, social causes of disease and social problems or the sick, relation of economic factors and environment in health and disease.

2. Physiological hygiene:-

  1. Food and nutrition-food in relation to health and disease. Balanced diets. Nutritional deficiencies and nutritional survey. Food processing, pasteurization of milk. Adulteration of food and food inspection, Food poisoning.
  2. Air, light and sunshine.
  3. Effect of climate-humidity temperature, pressure and other meteorological
  4. conditions-comfort zone, effect of overcrowding.
  5. Personal hygiene- (Cleanliness, rest, sleep, work) Physical exercise and training care of health in tropics.

3. Environmental sanitation:

  1. Definition and importance.
  2. Atmospheric pollution-purification or air, air sterilization, air borne diseases.
  3. Water supplies-sources and uses, impurities and purification. Public water supplies in urban and rural areas. Standards of drinking water, water borne diseases.
  4. Conservancy-Methods in villages, towns and cities, septic tanks, dry earth latrines-water closets. Disposal of sewage, disposal of the deceased, disposal of refuge incineration.
  5. Sanitation of fairs and festivals.
  6. Disinfection disinfectants, deodorants, antiseptics, germicides. Methods of disinfection and sterilization.
  7. Insects-insecticides and disinfection-insects in relation to disease. Insect control.
  8. Protozoal and helminthic diseases Life cycle of protozoan and helminthes, their prevention.

4. Medical Statistics

Principles and elements of vital statistics
Preventive Medicine

  1. General principles of prevention and control of communicable diseases. Plague, Cholera, Small Pox Diphtheria, Leprosy, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Kala-Azar, Filariasis, Common viral diseases e.g. Common Cold Measles, Chicken Pox, Poliomyelitis, Infective Hepatitis, Helminthic infections, Enteric fever, dysenteries and also animal diseases transmissible to man. Their description and methods of preventive spread by contact, by droplet infection by environmental vehicles, (water, soil, food insects, animals, foundries, prophylaxis and vaccination).
  2. General principles of prevention and control of non-communicable diseases e.g. obesity, hypertension etc.

Natural history of disease

  1. Maternal and Child Health, school health services, health education, mental hygiene-elementary principles: school medicine its aim and methods.
  2. Family Planning Demography, channels of communication, National Family planning programme, knowledge, attitudes regarding contraceptive practices. Population and growth control.
  3. Public health administration and international health relation.
  4. Homoeopathic concept of prophylaxis, vaccination, Immunology and personal hygiene.

N.B: Field demonstration-water purification plant, infectious diseases hospital etc.

REPERTORY

IV BHMS

Repertorization is not the end but means to arrive to the simillimum together with Materia Medica based on sound principles of Philosophy. Homoeopathic Materia Medica is an encyclopedia of Symptoms. No mind can memorize all the symptoms or all the drugs with their characteristic gradation. The repertory is an index and catalogue of the symptoms of the Materia Medica, nearly arranged in a practical form and also indicating the relative gradation of drugs, and it greatly facilitates quick selection of indicated remedy. It is impossible to practice Homoeopathy without the aid of repertories.

Each repertory has been compiled on distinct philosophical base, which determines its structure. In order to exploit full advantage of each repertory it is important to grasp thoroughly its conceptual base and construction. This will help student to learn scope, limitations and adaptability of the repertory.

Case taking:

Difficulties of taking a chronic case. Recording of cases and usefulness of record keeping. Totality of symptoms, prescribing symptoms: uncommon peculiar and characteristic symptoms. Analysis of the case uncommon and common symptoms. Gradation and evaluation of Symptoms. Importance of Mental symptoms. Kind and sources of general symptoms. Concomitant symptoms.

Teaching of repertorisation should not merely be reduced to rubric hunting exercises. Patient is not a bundle of rubrics.

Logic of Repertory, is delivered from Organon of Medicine as such Repertory should not be taught in isolation. Due emphasis should be made to:-

a. Learning the language of repertory i.e. meaning of rubrics in correlation with Materia Medica and clinical experiences.

b. Correlation of Repertory with Therapeutics and Materia Medica.

  1. History and development of repertories till date.
  2. Types of repertories.
  3. Explanation of terminologies used in various repertories.
  4. Boenninghausen’s therapeutic pocket book and Boger Boenninghausen’s repertory.
  5. Kent’s repertory.
  6. Introduction to card repertory.
  7. Specific regional repertories ALLEN’S FEVER, BELL’S DIARHOEA with their comparison.
  8. Brief introduction to puritan group of repertory as Knerr, Gentry, Robert in respect of their Clinic use.
  9. Introduction to Computer Repertorization.

PRACTICAL

Students shall repertories:-
  1. 10 acute cases on Kent.
  2. 5 chronic cases on Kent.
  3. 5 chronic cases on Boenninghausen.
  4. 5 chronic cases on Bogar-Boeinninghausen.
  5. 5 cases to be cross checked on computer.

PART-VI

FIRST BHMS EXAMINATION

7. Admission to examination, scheme of examination etc :

  1. The student shall be admitted to the First BHMS Examination provided he/she has required attendance as per regulation 13 (iii) to the satisfaction of the head of the Homoeopathic Medical College.
  2. The First BHMS examination shall be held at the end of 18th month of admission.
  3. The minimum number of hours for lecture, demonstration/practical and seminar classes in the subjects shall be as under:-
      Subject Demonstration Theoretical Lecture Practical/Tutorial/Seminar
    1 Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology 150 hrs.
    (including 40 hrs. for Psychology)
    35 hrs.
    (including 10 hrs. for Psychology)
    2. Anatomy, Histology and Embryology 250 hrs 325 hrs.
    3 Physiology including Biochemistry 250 hrs. 325 hrs.
    4. Homoeopathic Pharmacy 100 hrs 100 hrs
    5. Homoeopathic Materia Medica 50 hrs 25 hrs.
  4. Examination in Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology shall consist of one theory paper and one oral examination.
  5. Examination in Anatomy including Histology and Embryology shall consist of two theory papers. Practical includes oral, identification of specimen and histology slides.
  6. Examination in Physiology including Biochemistry shall consist of two theory papers and one practical including oral.
  7. The examination in Homoeopathic Pharmacy shall consist of one theory and one practical including Oral.
  8. The examination in Homoeopathic Materia Medica consist of one theory and one oral examination.
  9. Full marks for each subject and the minimum number of marks required for passing First BHMS should be as follows:
    Subject Written Practical (including oral) Total
      Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks
    Homoeopathic Pharmacy 100 50 100 50 200 100
    Anatomy 200 100 200 100 400 200
    Physiology including Biochemistry 200 100 200 100 400 200
    Homoeopathic Materia Medica 100 50 50 25 150 75
    Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology 100 50 50 25 150 75

8. SECOND BHMS EXAMINATION

  1. No candidate shall be admitted to the Second BHMS Examination unless he has passed the First BHMS examination and he/she has required attendance as per regulation 7 (iii) to the satisfaction of the head of the Homoeopathic Medical College.
  2. The Second BHMS examination shall be held at the end of 30th month of admission to First BHMS.
  3. The minimum number of hours for lecture, demonstration/practical and seminar classes in the subjects shall be as under:-
    Subject Theoretical Lecture Practical/Tutorial clinical/Seminar
    1. Pathology and Microbiology including Parasitology Bacteriology and Virology 200 70
    2. Forensic Medicine & Toxicology 50 20
    3. Organon of Medicine and Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy 125  
    4. Homoeopathic Materia Medica 75 75
    5. Surgery including ENT, Eye Dental and Homoeo. therapeutic
    50 } 75
    25
    One term of three months in surgical ward and O.P.D.
    75
    6. Obstetrics & Gynaecology Infant care and Homoeo therapeutics 75 One term of three months in Gynaecology & Obstetrics ward and OPD 75
    7. Practice of Medicine and Homoeo. Therapeutics
    50 } 75
    25
    One term of three months in OPD & IPD of different Medical wards
    75
  4. Examination in Pathology and Microbiology shall consist of one theory paper and one practical including oral. Identification of microscopic slides and specimen shall be a part of practical examination.
  5. Examination in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology shall consist of one theory paper and one oral examination including identification and spotting of specimens.
  6. Examination in Organon of Medicine, Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy and Psychology shall consist of one theory paper and one oral examination.
  7. Examination in Materia Medica shall consist of one theory paper and one practical including oral examination.
  8. In order to pass the Second BHMS examination, a candidate has to pass all the subjects of the examination.
  9. Full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for pass are as follows:
    Subject Written Practical including oral Total
    Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks
    Pathology & Microbiology 100 50 100 50 200 100
    Forensic Medicine &. toxicology 100 50 100 50 200 100
    Homoeopathic Materia Medica 100 50 100 50 200 100
    Organon of Medicine 100 50 100 50 200 100

9. THIRD BHMS EXAMINATION

  1. No candidate shall be admitted to the Third BHMS examination unless he has passed the Second BHMS examination and he/she has required attendance as per regulation 7 (iii) to the satisfaction of the head of the Homoeopathic Medical College.
  2. The Third BHMS examination shall be held at the end of 42nd month of admission to First BHMS.
  3. The minimum number of hours for lecture,demonstration/practical,clinical and seminar in the subjects shall be as under:
      Subject Theoretical Lecture Practical/clinical/ Tutorial classes
    1 Practice of Medicine & Homoeo therapeutics
    50 } 75
    25
    75 One term of 3 month each in OPD & IPD in different wards/Dept.
    2. Surgery including ENT. Ophthalmology & dental & Homoeo therapeutics
    100 } 150
    50
    75 One term of three months each in Surgical ward and OPD.
    3 Obstetrics & Gynaecology Infant care & Homoeo therapeutics
    100 } 150
    50
    .
    75 One term of three months in Gynae. ward and OPD
    4. Homoeopathic Materia Medica 100 75
    5. Organon of Medicine 100 75
  4. Examination in Surgery shall consist of three theory papers and one practical examination. One theory paper shall be exclusively on Homoeo therapeutics. The Practical examination shall consist of clinical examination and oral. In the clinical examination the students shall be examined on his skill on the surgical instruments, bandages and general measures related to surgery, scope of Homoeopathic therapeutics and examination and diagnosis of surgical disease through clinical examination, X-ray and other common diagnostic techniques. The case studies reports of the students carried out during the course shall also be considered for the oral examination.
  5. Examination in Obstetrics & Gynaecology including infant care shall consist of three theory papers and one practical examination. One theory paper shall be exclusively on Homoeo therapeutics. The Practical examination shall consist of clinical examination and oral. In the clinical examination the students shall be examined on his skill on the specimens, models, instruments, and general appliances related to Obstetrics, scope of Homoeopathic therapeutics and examination and diagnosis of Gynecological disease through clinical examination, X-ray and other common diagnostic techniques. The case studies reports of the students carried out during the course shall also be considered for the oral examination
  6. Examination in Homoeopathic Materia Medica shall consist of one theory paper and one bedside practical examination. The bedside examination shall be on two acute cases with special reference to their nosological diagnosis and therapeutic diagnosis from Homoeopathic point of view.
  7. Examination in Organon of medicine shall consist of one theory paper and on oral examination.
  8. In order to pass the Third BHMS examination, candidates have to pass in all the subject of the examination.
  9. Full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for pass are as follows:
    Subject Written Practical (including oral) Total
      Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks
    Surgery including ENT Ophthalmology & Dental, Homoeo. Therapeutics 300 150 200 100 500 250
    Obstetrics & Gynaecology Infant care & Homoeo. therapeutics 300 150 200 100 500 250
    Homoeopathic Materia Medica 100 50 100 50 200 100
    Organon of Medicine 100 50 100 50 200 100
  FOURTH BHMS EXAMINATION
110
(i) No candidate shall be admitted to the Fourth BHMS examination unless he has passed the third BHMS examination and he/she has required attendance as per regulation 7 (iii) to the satisfaction of the head of the Homoeopathic Medical College.
(ii) The Fourth BHMS examination shall be held at the end of 54th month of admission of First BHMS.
(iii) The minimum number of hours for lecture, demonstration/practical, seminar and clinical classes in the subjects shall be as under:-
Subject Theoretical Lecture Practical/clinical Tutorial classes
1 Practice of Medicine & Homoeo. Therapeutics
100 } 150
50
200 One term of 4 months in OPD & IPD in different Medical wards/Deptt.
2 Homoeopathic Materia Medica 100 75
3 Organon of Medicine 100 75
4 Repertory 125 150
5 Community Medicine 100 100
(iv) Examination in Practice of Medicine including Pediatrics, Psychiatry and Dermatology shall consist of three theory papers and one bedside practical examination. One theory paper shall be exclusively on Homoeo. therapeutics. The practical examination shall consist of clinical examination and oral. In the clinical examination the students shall be examined on his skill on the nosological and therapeutic diagnosis, through clinical examination, X-ray and other common diagnostic techniques and detailed case takings on long and short cases. The case reports of the students carried out during the course shall also be considered for the oral examination.
(v) Examination in Case taking and Repertory shall consist of one theory paper and one practical examination. The Practical examination shall consist of the Homoeopathic principles on case taking of one long case and one short case and the methods of arriving the reportorial totality, through case analysis and actual repertorisation. The skill of finding rubrics from Kent and Bonninghausen Repertories, the case reports of the students carried out during the course shall be considered for the oral examination.
(vi) Examination in Homoeopathic Materia Medica shall consist of two theory papers and one bedside practical examination. The bedside examination shall be one long case and one short case with special reference to their nosological diagnosis and therapeutic diagnosis from Homoeopathic point of view. The case reports of the students carried out during the course shall be considered for the oral examination.
(vii) Examination in Organon of Medicine and Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy shall consist of two theory papers and one practical examination. The practical examination shall be on the Homoeopathic orientation of cases in relation to miasmatic diagnosis, general management, posology, second prescription etc.
(viii The examination in Community Medicine including Health Education and Family Welfare shall consist of one theory paper and one oral examination. The oral examination shall be on spotting and identification of specimens and matters related to the community oriented problems.
(ix) In order to pass the Fourth BHMS examination, candidates have to pass in all the subjects of the examination.
(x) Full marks for each subject and the minimum marks required for pass are as follows:
Subject Written Practical including oral Total
  Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks
Practice of Medicine 300 150 200 100 500 250
Homoeopathic Materia Medica 200 100 200 100 400 200
Organon of Medicine 200 100 100 50 300 150
Case taking & Repertory 100 50 100 50 200 100
Community Medicine 100 50 100 50 200 100
  RESULTS AND RE-ADMISSION TO EXAMINATION
111
(i) Examining body may ensure that the results of the examination are published in time so that the student who successfully completes the BHMS examinations can complete the course in 5 yrs after admission.
(ii) Candidates who have passed in one or more subjects need not appear in that subject or those subjects again in the subsequent examinations if the candidate passes the whole examination with in four chances including the original examination.
(iii) Facility to keep term: Not withstanding with the foregoing regulations, the students shall be allowed the facility to keep term on the following conditions:
(a) The candidate must pass the Second BHMS examination at least one term (6 months) before he is allowed to appear in the Third BHMS examination.
(b) The candidate must pass the Third BHMS examination at least one term (6 months) before he is allowed to appear in the Fourth BHMS examination.
(c) No candidate shall be given more than 4 chances to appear in First BHMS examination in the same subject.
(iv) A candidate who appears at Second or Third BHMS examinations, but fails to pass in the subject or subjects, he may be admitted to the next examination in the subject or subjects. However candidates shall be allowed to keep term as provided in (iii) above.
(v) Special classes, seminars, demonstrations, practical, tutorials etc. shall be arranged for the repeaters in the subject in which they have failed before they are allowed to appear at the next examination, in which attendance shall be compulsory.
(vi) If a candidate fails to pass in all the subjects with in four chances in examinations, he shall be required to prosecute a further course of studying all the subjects and in all parts for one year to the satisfaction of the head of the college and appearing for examination in all the subjects. Provided that if a student appearing for the Fourth BHMS examination has only one subject to pass at the end of prescribed chances, he shall be allowed to appear at the next examination in that particular subject and shall complete the examination with this special chance.
(vii) The examining body may under exceptional circumstances, partially or wholly cancel any examination conducted by it under intimation to the Central Council of Homoeopathy and arrange for conducting re-examination in those subjects within a period of thirty days from the date of such cancellation.
(viii) Grace marks may be awarded to the students at the discretion of the University/examining body on exceptional circumstances.

112. Examiners:

  1. No person other than the holder of qualification prescribed for the teaching staff in Homoeopathy (Minimum Standards of Education) Regulation as amended from time to time shall be appointed as an internal or external or paper-setter for the BHMS Degree Course.
    Provided that:-
    1. No such person shall be appointed as an examiner unless he has at least three years continuous regular teaching experience in the subject concerned, gained in a degree level Homoeopathic Medical College.
    2. Internal examiners shall be appointed from amongst the teaching staff of the Homoeopathic Medical College.
    3. A paper setter may be appointed as an internal or external examiner.
  2. The examining body may appoint a single moderator or moderators not exceeding three in number for the purpose of moderating question papers.
  3. Oral and practical examinations shall as a rule be conducted by the respective internal and external examiners with mutual co-operation. They shall each have 50% of the maximum marks out of which they shall allot marks to the candidates appearing at the examination according to their performance and the marks-sheet so prepared shall be signed by both the examiners. Either of the examiners shall have the right to prepare, sign and send mark-sheets separately to the examining body together with his comments. The examining body shall take due note of such comments but it shall declare results on the basis of the mark-sheets.
  4. Every Homoeopathic College shall provide all facilities to the internal and external examiners for the conduct of examinations, and the internal examiners shall make all preparations for holding the examinations.
  5. The external examiner shall have the right to communicate to the examining body his views and observations about any shortcomings or deficiencies in the facilities provided by the Homoeopathic College.
  6. He shall also submit a copy of his communication to the Central Council for such action as the Central Council may consider fit.

113. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR ADMISSION TO EXAMINATION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

  1. The examining Body shall ensure that the minimum number of hours for lecture/demonstration/practical/seminar etc. in the subjects in each BHMS examination as specified in respective regulations are followed before allowing any Homoeopathic Medical College to send the students for University examination:
  2. The examining body shall ensure that the students of the Homoeopathic Medical Colleges, who do not fulfill the Homoeopathy (Minimum Standards of Education) Regulation, are not sent for the University Examination.
  3. Attendance: 75% attendance in a subject for appearing in the examination is compulsory. The examining body may relax this on exceptional circumstances on individual merit.
  4. Each theory paper shall be of three hours duration.
  5. The Practical/oral examination shall be completed immediately after the theory Examination.
  6. That the examining body shall hold examinations on such date and time as the examining body may determine. The theory and practical examination shall be held in the premises of the Homoeopathic Medical College concerned.
  7. There shall be two examinations in a year. One Regular examination and another Supplementary. The supplementary examination may be conducted within 6 months of the Regular examination.
  8. No student shall be permitted to join para clinical/clinical group of subjects until he has passed in all the pre clinical subjects of First BHMS for which he will be permitted not more than four chances including the original examination.

114. "MISCELLANEOUS"

  1. Authorities empowered to conduct examinations:
    The Universities shall conduct the examination for the Degree Course in various States or the agencies empowered by an Act of Parliament.
  2. Interpretation:
    Where any doubt arises to the interpretation of these regulations it shall be referred to the Central Council for clarification.
  3. Power to relax:
    Where any University, or Medical institution in India which grants medical qualification, is satisfied that the operation of any of these regulations causes undue hardship in any particular case, that University or Medical Institution as the case may be, may by order, for reasons recorded in writing, dispense or relax the requirement of that regulation in such an extent and subject to such exceptions and conditions as it may consider necessary for dealing with the case in a just and equitable manner.

    2Provided that no such order shall be made except with the concurrence of the Central Council.
  4. Saving Clause:
    Any Diploma/Degree qualification, at present included in II or III Schedule to the Homoeopathy Central Council Act where nomenclature is not in consonance with these regulations shall cease to be recognized medical qualification when granted after the commencement of these regulations. However, this clause will not apply to the students who are already admitted to these courses before the enforcement of these regulations.
  5. Transfer of students from one College to another:
    1. A student studying in a Homoeopathic Medical College may be allowed to migrate/transfer to another Homoeopathic Medical College under same or another University.
    2. The University concerned can allow the migration/transfer within three months after passing the First BHMS examination, as a rule.
    3. Migration/Transfer of students during the course of their training for the clinical subjects may be avoided.
    4. The number of students migrating/transferring from one college to another college during one year will be kept to the minimum so that the training of the regular students of that college is not adversely affected. The number of students migrating/transferring to/from any one college should not exceed the limit of 5% of its intake subject to a maximum of 5 student in any one Homoeopathy college in one year.
    5. Cases not covered under the above regulations may be referred to the Council for consideration on individual merits.
    6. Intimation about the admission of migrated/transferred students into any college shall be sent to the Council forthwith.

ANNEXURE 'A'
(Regulation 3 (ii))

INTERNSHIP TRAINING

    1. Each candidate shall be required to undergo compulsory rotating internship of one year, after passing the final BHMS Examinations, to the satisfaction of the Principal of the Homoeopathic College. Thereafter only, the candidate shall be eligible for the award of Degree of Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (B.H.M.S.) by the University.
      All parts of the Internship training shall be undertaken at the hospital attached to the College, and in cases where such hospital cannot accommodate all of its students for Internship then such candidates/students shall be informed in writing by the college and it shall be the responsibility of the College to ensure that each of such students is put on internship training in a Homoeopathic Hospital or dispensary run by Government or local bodies.
    2. To enable the State Board/Council of Homoeopathy to grant provisional registration of minimum of one year to each candidate to undertake the internship, the University concerned shall issue a provisional passed certificate on passing the final BHMS examination to each successful candidate.
      Provided that in the event of shortage or unsatisfactory work, the period of compulsory internship and the provisional registration shall be accordingly extended by the State Board/Council.
    3. Full registration shall only be given by the State Boards if the BHMS degree awarded by the University concerned is a recognized medical qualification as per Section 13 (1) of the Act, and Board shall award registration to such candidates who produce certificate of completion or compulsory rotating internship of not less than one year duration from the Principal of College where one has been a bonafide student which shall also declare that the candidate is eligible for it.
    4. The internee students shall not prescribe the treatment including medicines, and, each of them shall work under the direct supervision of Head of Department concerned and/or a Resident Medical Officer. No intern student shall issue any medicolegal document under his/her signatures.
    5. Each candidate shall complete the internship training at the maximum within a period of 24 months after passing the final year examination.
  1. The internship training shall be regulated by the Principal in consultation with concerned Heads of Departments and R.M.O. as under:-
    1. Each internee student shall be asked to maintain a record of work which is to be constantly monitored by the Head of concerned department and/or Resident Medical Officer under whom the internee is posted. The scrutiny of record shall be done in an objective way to update the knowledge, skill and aptitude of internee.
    2. The stress during the internship training shall be on case taking, evaluation of symptoms, nosological and miasmatic diagnostic analysis, repertorisation and management of sick people based on principles of Homoeopathy. Weekly seminars shall be conducted wherein interns in rotation be given a chance to present their cases for discussion, and, concerned teachers/R.M.O. shall assess performance of each of interns.
    3. Rotation of intern students shall be as under:
      1. Practice of Medicine 8 Months wherein internee will be rotated in each Psychology, Respiratory, Gastro intestinal, Endocrinology, Skin and V.D., Loco-motor, Cardiology, Paediatrics sections.
      2. Surgery 1 month.
      3. Obstetrics & Gynaecology -2 Months (1 month each (including Reproductive & child health care)).
      4. Community medicine (including PHC/CHC) -1 month.
    4. Each internee shall be exposed to clinicopathology work to acquire skill in taking samples and doing routine blood examination, blood smear for parasites, sputum examination, urine and stool examination. Students shall be trained to correlate laboratory findings with diagnosis and management of sick people.
    5. Each internee shall be given opportunities to learn the diagnostic techniques like x-rays, Ultrasonography, E.C.G., Spirometer and other forthcoming techniques and co-relate their findings with diagnosis and management of cases.
    6. Each internee student shall be given adequate knowledge about issuing of medico-legal certificates including medical and fitness certificates, death certificates, birth certificates, court producers and all of such legislation’s be discussed which were taught in curriculum of Forensic Medicine.
    7. Each internee shall maintain records of 40 acute and 25 chronic cases complete in all manner including follow up in Practice of Medicine, record of 5 antenatal check-up and 3 delivery cases attended by him/her in Department of Obstetrics and 3 cases of Gynaecology; records of 5 surgical cases assisted by him (and demonstration knowledge of dressings) in Surgery department, and records of knowledge gained in Primary Health Centres, Community health Centres, various health programmes.
    8. It shall be compulsory for each intern-student to prove at least one drug during the Period of internship.
    9. Each internee shall be given a liberty to choose an elective assignment on any subject, and complete out-put shall be furnished in writing by the internee in respect of elective assignment to the Principal of the College within internship duration.
    10. Each intern shall be posted on duty in such a manner that each of them attend at least 15 days in O.P.D. and 15 days in I.P.D. at least in each month (except for duty in Community Medicine and attend the other parts of duty including self-preparation in Library.
    11. Each intern-student shall be made to learn importance of maintaining statistics and records, intern-student shall also be familiarized with research methodology.

    1. Each internee shall have not less than 80% of attendance during the internship training.
    2. Each internee shall be on duty of at least 6 hrs. per day during the compulsory internship training.

  1. Amended in September, 2003.
  2. Amended in June, 2005.

HOMOEOPATHY (GRADED DEGREE COURSE)
B.H.M.S.
REGULATIONS, 1983
(As Amended upto December, 2001)

PRINCIPAL REGULATIONS
PUBLISHED IN THE GAZETTE OF INDIA:
EXTRAORDINARY, ON 11TH MAY, 1983
(and Corrigendum Published in the Gazette dated 6th February, 1984)

AMENDMENTS PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF INDIA:
EXTRAORDINARY, ON 28th DECEMBER, 2001

NOTIFICATION

In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (i) (j) and (k) of section 33 and sub-section (1) of section 20 of the Homeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973), the Central Council of Homeopathy, with the previous sanction of the Central Government hereby makes the following regulations, namely: -

PART- I

Preliminary

*1. Short title and commencement

(1)

These regulations may be called the Homeopathy (Graded Degree Course) Regulations, 1983.

(2)

They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Gazette of India

2.

Definitions: In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires.

 
(i).

"Act" means the Homeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973),

(ii).

"Courses" means the Course of study in Homeopathy, namely: -

(a) D.H.M.S. (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), and

(b) B.H.M.S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery),

(iii).

"Diploma" means a Diploma in Homeopathy as defined in clause (iii) of regulation 2 of the Homeopathy (Diploma Course) Regulations, 1983.

 
(iv).

"Degree" means a degree in Homeopathy as provided in Regulation 3 of these regulations of a Degree as defined in clause (iv) of regulation 2 of the Homeopathy (Degree Course) Regulations, 1983.

(v).

"Homeopathic College" means a Homeopathic College affiliated to a Board or University and recognised by the Central Council.

(vi).

"Inspector" means Medical Inspector appointed under sub- section (1) of section 17 of the Act;

(vii).

"President" means the President of the Central Council;

(viii).

"Second Schedule" and Third Schedule" mean the Second and Third Schedule respectively of the Act;

(ix).

"Syllabus" and "Curriculum" mean the Syllabus and Curriculum for different courses of study as specified by the Central Council under these regulations, the Homeopathy (Diploma Course) Regulations, 1983 and the Homeopathy (Degree Course) Regulations, 1983.

(x). "Teaching experience" means teaching experience in the subject concerned in a Homeopathic College or in a Hospital recognised by the Central Council;
(xi).

"Visitor" means a Visitor appointed under sub -section (l) of section 18 of the Act.

PART- II

Course of Study


3.

Graded Degree Course (i) The Degree Course of B.H.M.S. (Graded Degree) shall comprise a course of study consisting of the Curriculum and Syllabus provided in these regulations, spread over a period of two years including Compulsory Internship of six months' duration after passing the final Degree examination.

 
(ii).

The Internship shall be undertaken at the Hospital attached to the Homoeopathic College and in cases where such Hospital cannot accommodate all of its students for Internship such students may undertake Internship in a Homoeopathic Hospital or Dispensary run by the Central Government or State Government or local bodies,

(iii).

At the completion of the Internship of the specified period and on the recommendation of the head of the institution where Internship was undertaken, the concerned Board or University, as the case may be shall issue the degree to the successful candidate.

PART- III

Admission to Course

4.

Minimum qualification: No candidate shall be admitted to the B.H.M.S. Graded Degree Course unless he has passed the final examination of a Diploma course in Homoeopathy of not less than four year's duration.

PART-IV

THE CURRICULUM

5.

Subjects: subjects for study and examination of the B.H.M.S (Graded Degree) Course shall be as under:-

 
(i)

Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine including Paediatrics, Preventive and Social
Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Systemic Pathology;

(ii)

Homoeopathic Materia Medica (Applied and Pure);

(iii)

Organon of Medicine, Homoeopathic Philosophy, Chronic diseases, Psychology and Logic and Repertorisation.

*Amended in 2001

   

PART-V

Syllabus

*6

Syllabus for Graded Degree Course:- The following shall be the syllabus for the B.H.M.S. (Graded Degree) Course, namely: -

(i).

Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine:- Homoeopathy has a distinct approach to diseases. It recognises disease neither by prominent symptoms nor by those of any organ or part of the body. It treats the patient as a whole and the totality of symptoms exhibited by him represents the disease. Merely the name of the condition from which he suffers is thus of no significance to a Homoeopath. Therefore, in the Graded Degree Course, the subject of Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine including Paediatrics, Preventive and Social Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gyneacology and Systemic Pathology has been introduced on an integrated manner.

Medicine is essentially a practical science with stress on systematic disease diagnostic pattern of case taking whereas Homoeopathic Medicine has a variation with stress on constitution, liking/disliking, thermal reaction, mental set up (including behaviour) focusing individualization besides, systematic disease diagnosis. Therefore, practice of Homoeopathic Medicine becomes practical. Therefore the teaching and training at the bedside approach is introduced to inculcate such practical aspects in the mind of the students, to prepare them true Homoeopaths. The following is the course of study for Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine:

A course of systematic instructions on the Principles and Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine inclusive of therapeutic prescribing.

The instructions may be given in following manner during 1-1/2 years of clinical course in Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine:

 
(A)

course of General and Systemic Pathology;

(B)

A course of Preventive and Social Medicine which includes communicable diseases its prevention, environmental and medicine and family welfare;

(C)

Paediatrics: The emphasis should be laid on growth and development of child and common diseases of children;

(D)

Surgery: A large number of conditions are amenable to internal medication in Homoeopathy. The scope of Homoeopathy is much wider in the case with surgical dimensions but as supplement to medicine, Surgery has definite place in Homoeopathy and should be taught accordingly with that orientation.

Therefore, a course of instructions on the principles of surgery shall be : -

(a)

Practical instructions in surgical methods including Physiotherapy;

(b)

Practical instructions in minor operative surgery;

(c)

Lectures and demonstrations on radiology;

(d)

Venereal diseases;

(e)

Orthopaedics;

(f)

Dental Diseases;

(g)

Surgical diseases of children;

(h)

Neurosurgery;

(i)

E.N.T.

(j)

Opthalmology;

 

Lectures and demonstration on surgical appliances and methods of Physiotherapy. Instructions in these branches of medicine should be directed to the attainment of sufficient knowledge to ensure familiarity with the common conditions,


their recognition and homoeopathic treatment.

(E)

Obstetrics and Gynaecology: Students must be trained in special clinical methods of investigation for diagnosis local conditions and discriminating cases where surgical intervention, either as a life saving measure or for removing mechanical obstacles is necessary. In this context Homoeopathy adopts the same attitude towards medicine and surgery.

A course of systematic instructions on the principles and practice of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Infant Hygiene with therapeutic prescribing should be given. Throughout the whole period of study, students should be directed towards the importance of diagnosis, prevention and management aspect of the conditions. The instructions in this branch of medicine should be directed to the attainment of sufficient knowledge to ensure familiarity with common conditions, recognition and treatment.

In addition to the subjects mentioned above, instructions in clinical medicine may be given on the diseases of different body systems including common diseases of skin.

(F)

Homoeopathic Materia Medica

(a)

Homoeopathic Materia Medica: a) Homoeopathic Materia Medica is differently constructed as compared to other Materia Medicas. Homoeopathy considers that study of the action of drugs on individual parts or system of the body or on animals or isolate organs is only a partial study of life processes under such action and that it does not lead us to full appreciation of the action of the medicinal agent; the drug agent as a whole is lost sight of.

(b)

Essential and complete knowledge of the drug action as a whole can be supplied only by qualitative synoptic drug experiments on healthy persons and this alone can make it possible to view all the scattered data in relation to the psychosomatic whole of a person, and it is just such a person as a whole to the knowledge of drug action is to be applied.

(c)

The Homoeopathic Materia Medica consists of a schematic arrangement of symptoms produced by each drug, incorporating no theories or explanations about their interpretation or inter-relationship. Each drug should be studied synthetically, analytically and comparatively, and this alone would enable a homoeopathic student to study each drug individually and as a whole and help him to be a good prescriber.

(d)

Polychrests and the most commonly indicated drugs for everyday aliments should be taken up first so that in the clinical classes or outdoor duties the students become familiar with their applications. They should be thoroughly dealt with explaining all comparisons and relationship. Students should be conversant with their sphere of action and family relationship.

The less common and rare drugs should be taught in outline, emphasizing only their most salient features and symptoms. Rarer drugs should be dealt with later.

(e)

Tutorials must be introduced so that students in small numbers can be in close touch with teachers and can be helped to study and understand Materia Medica in relation to its application in the treatment of the sick.

(f)

While teaching therapeutics an attempt should be made to recall the Materia Medica so that indications for drugs in a clinical conditions can directly flow out from the provings' of the drugs concerned. The student should be encouraged to apply the resources of the vast Materia Medica in any sickness and not limit himself to memories a few drugs for a particular disease. This Hahnemannian approach will not only help him in understanding the proper perspective of symptoms as applied and their curative value in sickness but will even lighten his burden as far as formal examinations are concerned. Otherwise the present trend produces the allopathic approach to treatment of diseases and is contradictory to the teaching of Organon.

Application of Materia Medica should be demonstrated from cases in the outdoor and hospital wards.

Lectures on comparative Materia Medica and therapeutics as well as tutorials should be as far as possible be integrated with lectures on clinical medicine in the various departments.

(g)

For the Teaching of drugs the college should keep herbarium sheets and other specimens for demonstration to the students. Lectures should be made interesting and slides of plants and materials may be projected.

(h)

(I) Introductory Lectures:

 

Teaching of the Homoeopathic Materia Medica should include:

 
(i)

Nature and scope of Homoeopathic Materia Medica,

(ii)

Sources of Homoeopathic Materia Medica, and

(iii)

Different ways of studying the Materia Medica.

(II) The drugs to be taught under the following heads:

(i)

Common name, natural order, habitat, part used, preparation,

(ii)

Sources of drug proving,

(iii)

Symptomatisation of the drug emphasizing the characteristics, symptoms and modalities,

(iv)

Comparative study of drugs,

(v)

Complementary, inimical, antidotal and concordant remedies,

(vi)

Therapeutic application (Applied Materia Medica).

(III)A study of 12 tissue remedies according to Schussler's biochemic system of medicine.


The list of drugs to be taught in BHMS (Graded Degree Course) are as per Appendix.

(G)

Organon and Principles of Homoeopathic Philosophy: Hahnemann's Organon of Medicine is the high water mark of medical philosophy. It is an original contribution in the field of medicine in a codified form. A study of the Organon as well as of the history of Homoeopathy and its founder's life story will show that Homoeopathy is a product of application of the inductive logical method of reasoning to the solution of one of the greatest problems of humanity namely the treatment and cure of the sick. A thorough acquaintance with the fundamental principles of logic, both deductive and inductive, is therefore essential. The Organon should accordingly be taught in such a manner as to make clear to the students the implications of the logical principles by which Homoeopathy was worked out and built up and with which a Homoeopathic physician has to conduct his daily work with case and facility in treating every concrete individual case.

(1)

Introductory lectures: 10 hours.

Subjects:

(a)

What is Homoeopathy?

 

It is not merely a special form of therapeutics, but a complete system of medicine with its distinct approach to life, health, disease, remedy and cure. Its holistic, individualistic and dynamistic approach to life, health, disease, remedy and cure. It is out and out logical and objective basis of approach. Homoeopathy is nothing but an objective and rational system of medicine. Homoeopathy is thoroughly scientific in its approach and methods. It is based on observed facts and data on inductive and deductive logic inseparably related with observed facts and data.

(b)

Distinct approach of Homoeopathy to all the preclinical, clinical, and para-clinical subjects,

(c)

Preliminary idea about all the pre-clinical,

(d)

Hahnemann's organon 5th and 6th Editions-Aphorism 1 to 294,

(e)

Homoeopathic Philosophy (i) Kent's lectures in Homoeopathic Philosophy (ii) Stuart close Lectures and Essays on Homoeopathic Philosophy (The Genius of Homoeopathy) (iii) H. Roberts' Art of cure by Homoeopathy (iv) Dunhum's Science of Therapeutics,

(f)

During the lectures on Homoeopathic Philosophy, the following items should be elucidated,

  1. The scope of Homoeopathy,
  2. The logic of Homoeopathy,
  3. Life, Health, Disease and indisposition,
  4. Susceptibility, Reaction and Immunity,
  5. General philosophy of Homoeopathic theory of acute and chronic miasms,
  6. Homoeopathic posology,
  7. Potentisation and the Infinitesimal dose and the drug potency,
  8. Examination of the patient from the homoeopathic point of view,
  9. Significance and implications of totality of symptoms,
  10. The value of symptoms,
  11. The homoeopathic aggravation,
  12. Prognosis after observing the action of the remedy,
  13. The second prescription,
  14. Difficult and incurable cases Palliation.
(g)

Introduction to organon (5th and 6th Editions),

(h)

History of Homoeopathic Medicine Medicine as it existed during Hahnemann's time, early, life of Hahnemann; his disgust with the existing system of treatment, his discovery of the law of similars; History of the late life of Hahnemann. Introduction of Homoeopathy in various countries; Pioneers of Homoeopathy and their contributions.

Development of Homoeopathy upto the present day. The present trends in the development of Homoeopathy. Influence of Homoeopathy on other systems of medicine.

(i)

Hahnemann's Chronic Diseases,

(j) A

Lecture on doctrinal part (Aphorisms 1-70) (topic-wise discussion):

  1. Aim of physician and highest ideal of cure Aph. 1 and 2,
  2. Knowledge of physician - Aph. 3 and 4,
  3. Knowledge of disease which supplies the indication Aph. 5 to 19,
  4. Knowledge of medicines Aph. 19 to 21,
  5. Evaluation of Homoeopathic method from other methods of treatment Aph. 22 to 69,
  6. Summary-three conditions for cure Aph. 70.
B

Lectures on practical part of organon is to be divided into and taught under the following subjects:-

  1. What is necessary to be known in order to cure the disease and case taking methods, Aph. 70 to 104.
  2. The pathogenetic powers of medicine, i.e. drug proving or how to acquire knowledge of medicine Aph. 105 145.
  3. How to choose the right medicine - Aph. 147, 148, 149, 150, 153, 155.
  4. The right dose- Aph. 185, 186, 187, 189, 190, 191, 196, 197, 199, 201, 202 and 203.
  5. Chronic disease Aph. 204, 206 and 208.
  6. Mental disease Aph. 210-230.
  7. Intermittent disease Aph. 231, 232, 236, 237, 238, 240, 241, 242.
  8. Diet, regimen and the modes of employing medicine, Aph. 245, 246, 247, 248, 252, 253, 257, 259, 262, 263, 269, 270, 271, 273, 275, 276, 278, 280, 286, 289, 290 and 291.
C

Clinical lectures on both in and out patient departments. Examination of the patient from Homoeopathic point of view:

  1. Disease determination
  2. Disease individualization
  3. Evaluation of symptoms

    The value of symptoms.

  4. Gradation of symptoms
  5. Selection of medicine and potency and repetition of dose.
  6. Disease aggravation or Homoeopathic aggravation.
  7. Miasmatic diagnosis.
  8. Second prescription.
  9. Prognosis after observing the action of the remedy.
H

Psychology

Introduction to normal psychology:

  1. Definition of Psychology as a science and its difference from other sciences.
  2. Conception of the mind.
  3. Mesmar and his theory, Hypnotism structure of conscious, Development of Libide.
  4. Fraud and his theory-Dynamics of the unconsciousness.
  5. Other contemporary schools of Psychology.
  6. Relation between mind body in health and disease.
  7. Perception, Imagination, Ideation, Intelligence.
  8. Cognition, Conation, Affect, Instinct, Sentiment, Behaviours.
(I)

Homoeopathic Repertory:

 

Homoeopathic Materia Medica is an encyclopedia of symptoms. No mind can memorize all the symptoms of all the drugs together with their characteristic gradation. The Repertory is an index, a catalogue of the symptoms of the Materia Medica, neatly arranged in a practical form, and also indicating the relative gradation of drugs, and it greatly, facilities quick selection of the indicated remedy. It is impossible to practice Homoeopathy without the aid of Repertories, and the best repertory is that fullest.

It is possible to obtain the needed correspondence between drugs and disease conditions in a variety of ways and degrees, and there are therefore different types of repertories, each with its own distinctive advantage in finding the similimum.

Case Taking: Difficulties of taking a chronic case. Recording of case and usefulness of record keeping.

Totality of symptoms, prescribing symptoms; uncommon, peculiar and characteristic symptoms, general and particular symptoms; eliminating symptoms analysis of the case, uncommon and common symptoms, gradation and evaluation of symptoms; importance of mental symptoms, kinds and sources of general symptoms.

  1. History of Repertories
  2. Types of Repertories
  3. Demonstration of three cases worked on Boenninghausen
  4. Kent's Repertory advanced study with case demonstration
  5. Boger Boenninghausen Repertory his contribution to repertory
  6. Card Repertory with demonstration of five cases, limitation and advantages of Card repertories, theoretical lectures with demonstrations.
 

PRACTICAL: Students are to repertorise:

  1. short cases on Kent,
  2. 10 Chronic (Long cases on Kent)
  3. 5 cases to be cross checked.

Appendix

  1. Abies Canadensis
  2. Abies Niagra
  3. Abrotanum
  4. Acalypha indica
  5. Acetic acidum
  6. Aconite nap
  7. Actea recemoss
  8. Actea spicata
  9. Aethusa cynapium
  10. Aesculus hippocastanum
  11. Adonis vernalis
  12. Adrenaline
  13. Agaricus muscarious
  14. Agnus castus
  15. Allium cepa
  16. Aloes soc
  17. Alumina
  18. Ambra grisea
  19. Ammonium carb
  20. Ammonium mur
  21. Anacardium
  22. Anthracinum
  23. Antimonium arsenicosum
  24. Antimonium crudum
  25. Antimonium tart
  26. Apocynum cannabinum
  27. Apis mel
  28. Argentum metallicum
  29. Argentum nitricum
  30. Arnica montana
  31. Arsenicum album
  32. Arsenic iodatum
  33. Arum triphyllum
  34. Artemesia vulgaris
  35. Asafoetida
  36. Asterias rubens
  37. Aurum metallicum
  38. Avena sativa
  39. Bacillinum
  40. Baptisia
  41. Baryta carbonicum
  42. Baryta mur
  43. Baryta mur
  44. Belladonna
  45. Bellis perennis
  46. Benzoicum acidum
  47. Berberis vulgaris
  48. Bismuthum
  49. Blatta orientalis
  50. Borax
  51. Bovista
  52. Bromium
  53. Bryonia alba
  54. Bufo rana
  55. Cactus grandiflous
  56. Caladium
  57. Calcarea ars
  58. Calcarea carb
  59. Calcarea flour
  60. Calcarea phos
  61. Calcarea sulph
  62. Claendula officianalis
  63. Camphora
  64. Canabis indica
  65. Canabis sativa
  66. Cantharis
  67. Capsicum
  68. Carbolicum acidum
  69. Carbo veg
  70. Cardus marianus
  71. Carcinocin
  72. Caulophyllum
  73. Causticum
  74. Ceanonthus
  75. Cedron simaruba
  76. ferroginea Chamomilla
  77. Chelidonium maj
  78. China officinalis
  79. Chinimum ars
  80. Cholesterinum
  81. Cicuta viross
  82. Cina
  83. Clematis erecta
  84. Coca
  85. Cocculus indica
  86. Coffea cruda
  87. Colchicum
  88. Collinsonia Canadensis
  89. Colocynthis
  90. Condurango
  91. Conium mac
  92. Corallium
  93. Crataegus oxy
  94. Crocus Sativa
  95. Crotalus horridus
  96. Croton tig
  97. Cuprum ars
  98. Cuprum metallicum
  99. Cyclamen
  100. Dioscorea villosa
  101. Digitalis
  102. Diphtherinum
  103. Drosera
  104. Dulcamera
  105. Equisetum
  106. Erigeron
  107. Eupatorium perfoliatum
  108. Euphrasia officinalis
  109. Ferrum mettalicum
  110. Ferrum phos
  111. Flouric acidum
  112. Gelsemium
  113. Glonoine
  114. Graphitis
  115. Hammamelis vir
  116. Hepar sulph
  117. Helleborus
  118. Helonius
  1. Hydrastis
  2. Hydrocotyle asiatica
  3. Hyoscyamus
  4. Ignatia amara
  5. Iodum
  6. Ipecacunaha
  7. Kali bichromicum
  8. Kali bromatum
  9. Kali carb
  10. Kali muriaticum
  11. Kali phosphoricum
  12. Kali sulphuricum
  13. Kalmia
  14. Kreosotum
  15. Lac caninum
  16. Lachesis
  17. Ledum pal
  18. Lilium tigrinum
  19. Lithium carb
  20. Lobelia inflata
  21. Lycopodium
  22. Lyssin
  23. Magnesia carbonica
  24. Magnesia muriatica
  25. Magnesia phosphorica
  26. Malandrinum
  27. Medorrihnum
  28. Melilotus
  29. Menyanthes
  30. Mephitis
  31. Mercurius corrosivus
  32. Mercurius cyanatus
  33. Mercurius dulcis
  34. Mercurius solibillis
  35. Mercurius Sulph
  36. Mezerium
  37. Millifolium
  38. Moschus
  39. Murex
  40. Muriatic acidum
  41. Naja tripudians
  42. Natrum carb
  43. Natrum muriaticum
  44. Natrum phosphoricum
  45. Natrum sulphuricum
  46. Nitric acidum
  47. Nux moschetta
  48. Nux vomica
  49. Onosmodium
  50. Opium
  51. Oxalic acidum
  52. Passiflora incarnata
  53. Petroleum
  54. Phosphoric acidum
  55. Phosphorus
  56. Physostigma
  57. Picricum acidum
  58. Podophyllum
  59. Platina
  60. Plumbum met
  61. Podophyllum
  62. Psorinum
  63. Pulsatilla
  64. Pyrogenium
  65. Radium bromide
  66. Rananculus bulbosus
  67. Raphanus
  68. Ratanhia
  69. Rehum
  70. Rhododendron
  71. Rhus toxicodendron
  72. Rumex
  73. Ruta G
  74. Sabadilla
  75. Sabal serullata
  76. Sabina
  77. Sambucus nigra
  78. Sangunaria can
  79. Sanicula
  80. Sarsaparilla
  81. Secale cornutum
  82. Selenium
  83. Sepia
  84. Silicea
  85. Spigelia
  86. Squilla
  87. Stanum
  88. Staphisagria
  89. Stramonium
  90. Spongia tosta
  91. Sticta pulmonalis
  92. Sulphur
  93. Sulphuricum acidum
  94. Symphytum
  95. Syphilinum
  96. Syzygium jambolanum
  97. Tabacum
  98. Tarentula cubensis
  99. Taraxicum
  100. Teribinthina
  101. Theridion
  102. Thlapsi bursa pastoris
  103. Thuja occidentalis
  104. Thyroidinum
  105. Trillium pendulum
  106. Tuberculinum
  107. Urtica urens
  108. Ustilago
  109. Vaccininum
  110. Valeriana
  111. Variolinum
  112. Veratrum alb
  113. Veratrum viride
  114. Viburnum opulus
  115. Vinca minor
  116. Vipera
  117. X-Ray
  118. Zincum met

* Amended vide Notification Date 28th December, 2001 published in official gazette.

PART VI

EXAMINATION

B.H.M.S. GRADED DEGREE COURSE EXAMINATION.

*7.

Admission to examination, scheme of examination etc.

(1)

A candidate who fulfills any of the following conditions may be admitted to the B.H.M.S (Graded Degree Course) examination:-

 
(a)

he holds a Diploma in Homoeopathy or has passed an equivalent examination and has regularly attended the following theoretical and practical courses of instructions in the subjects of the examination over a period of atleast 1 years subsequent to his passing the Diploma examination in a Homoeopathic College to the satisfaction of the Principal of the college.

Provided that teachers of Homoeopathic Colleges or Homoeopathic Physicians working in Homoeopathic Dispensaries or Hospitals holding a Diploma obtained after 4 years of study or possessing qualifications in the Third Schedule of the Act and having a minimum of three years of regular teaching or clinical experience.

(b)

not being a teacher of a Homoeopathic College or a Homoeopathic Physician in a Dispensary or Hospital run by the Central Government or a State Government, he holds, a Diploma in Homoeopathy obtained after 4 years of study or possesses qualifications included in the Third schedule of the Act, and has eight years' professional experience.

 

The course of minimum number of lectures, demonstrations and practical/clinical classes in the subject shall be as follows:

Subjects Theoretical Practical/ Tutorial/ Clinical classes
*Introductory Lectures 150 (Including demonstration, practical classes)
Pathology 40 hrs. 20 hrs.
Biochemistry 40 hrs. 20 hrs.
Preventive, Social Medicine including health education & Family Medicine 60 hrs. 20 hrs
Repertory 80 hrs. 50 hrs
Materia-Medica including Pharmacological action of drugs 200 hrs (in 1 years) 100 hrs (2 months of clinical training in homoeo. OPD & IPD as clinical clerkship)
Organon & Philosophy 100
(in 1 years)
25
Practice of Medicine
including homoeopathic therapeutics
200 (in 1 years) 100-(2 months of clinical
training in OPD & IPD as clinical clerkship)
Children's diseases

Mental diseases

Skin diseases

 

40

40 (including 15
Homoeo. Therap )

20 (Homoeo. Therap.)

15

15

15
Surgery including homoeo-pathic therapeutics 150
(in 1 years)
100-(2 months of clinical training in OPD & IPD as clinical clerkship)
E.N.T. 15 15
Eye 25 15
Dental 15 10
Radiology 15 10
Obstetric & Gynaecology
including Homoe. therapeutics and infant Hygiene.
100 50 (2 months of training in OPD & IPD as clinical clerkship)

Note: The total number of minimum hours prescribed in 1 years comes to 2000 during the course and these hours should be utilized fully for teaching and training programme.

 

* The students should be given introductory lectures on the importance of Biochemistry and Pathology in Homoeopathic practice acquaintance with pharmacological action of some of the commonly used modern drugs so as to give them idea about iatrogenic diseases caused by these modern drugs. They should also be exposed to the greater details about the history of medicine in general with special reference to the emergence of Homoeopathy; contribution made by Hahnemann to medicine in general; the history of the development of Homoeopathy in India; a brief study of logic psychology and psychiatry and introduction to Biostatistics; the role of physician in the changing society; national health and Family Welfare needs and programmes; applied Materia Medica and the diseases; various schools of thought in Homoeopathy and their critical evaluation; comparative study of fundamental concept of treatment in various systems of medicine.

Greater emphasis should be laid on teaching of homoeopathic materia medica with the help of drug pictures of important drugs and on the homoeopathic philosophy.

(2)

The B.H.M.S. Graded Degree examination shall be divided into two Parts Part-I and Part-II. The examination in Part-I shall be held at the end of six months and Part-II at the end of eighteen months.

(3)

Candidate must clear all papers of Part-I examination at-least six months before appearing in the papers of Part-II examination.

Provided the candidates enrolled in B.H.M.S. Graded examinations under provision of clause (a) and under clause (b) of sub-regulation (i) of regulation 7 of principal Regulations shall have an option to take the examinations in Part-I & Part-II jointly at the end of 18 months.

(4)

All the three major subjects shall be divided into Part-I and Part-II examinations.

(5)

The examinations shall consist of theoretical papers and practical/clinical including oral examinations.

(6)

Pass marks in all the subjects, both Homoeopathic and Allied subjects shall be 50% in written and 50% in practical, including oral.

(7)

A candidate who obtains atleast 75% marks or above in aggregate in all subjects shall be deemed to have passed the examination with honours, provided that he has passed the examination in first attempt.

PART I

(a)

The examination in practice of Homoeopathic Medicine shall consist of two written papers and all oral including clinical examination.

 

The written paper I shall cover the following subjects;
Preventive and Social medicine including General and Systemic Pathology.

The written paper II shall cover the following subjects in two sections:


Section 1: Clinical features of Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Paediatrics.
Section 2: Homoeopathic Therapeutics

(b)

The examination in Materia Medica shall consist of one written paper and one practical examination. The written paper shall be divided into two sections:-


Section 1: Drugs from the list of Drugs in Appendix.
Section 2: Comparative Materia Medica and applied Materia Medica.

(c)

The examination in Organon of Medicine shall consist of one written paper and one practical including oral examination. The written papers shall cover Aphorism 1 294, Psychology and Logic, with question on Repertory and Case taking.

 
(8)

Full marks for each subject and minimum number of marks required for passing shall be as follows:-

   
Subject Written Practical including oral Total
Full Pass Full Pass Full Pass
1 Practice of Homoeopathic
Medicine
(including Preventive
and Social Medicine,
Pathology, Obstetrics and
Gynacology and Paediatrics)
200 100 100 50 300 150
2 Materia Medica 100 50 100 50 200 100
3 Organon of Medicine,
Homoeopathic Philosophy
including Psychology and logic
100 50 100 50 200 100
   
(9)

Marks for oral including practical for each subject shall be divided as under:-

 
(a)

Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine:

Macro-scopic and Microscopic spotting of specimens 40 Marks
Case presentation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 25 Marks
Oral 25 Marks
Journal 10 Marks

(b)

Materia Medica:

Case presentation with reports 50 Marks
Oral 40 Marks
Journal 10 Marks

(c)

Organon of Medicine:

Case presentation with analysis and evaluation 30 Marks
Repertorisation 30 Marks
Oral 30 Marks
Journal 10 Marks
   

PART-II

(a)

The examination in Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine shall consist of two written papers and one practical/clinical including oral examination. The written paper I shall cover the following into two sections:-

 

Section 1  :  Practice of Medicine.
Section 2  :  Homoeopathic Therapeutics.


 

The written paper II shall cover the following in two sections:-

 
Section 1   :

Surgery with Gynaecology, ENT, Orthopaedics, Dentistry.

Section 2   :

Homoeopathic Therapeutics


(b)

The examination in Materia Medica shall consist of one written paper and one practical paper. The written paper shall be divided into two sections:

 
Section 1   :

Drugs from the list of drugs in Appendix.

Section 2   :

Comparative Materia Medica and Applied Materia Medica.


(c)

The examination in Organon of Medicine and Homoeopathic Philosophy shall consist of one written paper and one oral including bed-side clinical examination. The written paper shall consist of the following two sections:

 
Section 1   :

Homoeopathic Philosophy, concept of Homoeopathic Art of cure with reference to Kent, Robert, Stuart Close and others.

Section 2   :

Detailed fundamental causes of diseases i.e. miasma, theory of its logical interpretations as applied in practice.

   
(10)

Full marks for each subject and minimum number of marks required for passing shall be as follows:-

Subject Written Oral (including practical) Total
Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks Full marks Pass marks
1
Practice of Homoeopathic
Medicine including Surgery
(with Homoeopathic therapeutics)
200 100 100 50 300 150
2 Materia Medica 100 50 100 50 200 100
3
Organon of Medicine,
Homoeopathic Philosophy
100 50 100 50 200 100

(11)

Full marks for oral including practical for each subject shall be divided as under:-

Practice of Homoeopathic Medicine:

100 Marks
One long case with Homoeopathic management 30 Marks
One short case of Surgery with Homoeopathic management 20 Marks
Oral including X-rays, instruments and specimens 50 Marks

Materia Medica:

100 Marks
Case Presentation with regards to Homoeopathic remedies 50 Marks
Oral 40 Marks
Journal 10 Marks

Organon of Medicine:

100 Marks
Case Presentation with disease determination, second prescription 50 Marks
Oral 50 Marks

(12)

Results of Part II shall be declared if a candidate takes the examination in both the Parts I and II jointly and unless he has passed Part I examination.

8.

Results and Readmission to Examination-

(1)

There shall not be more than two examinations in an year with an interval of four to six months between the examinations.

(2)

All the examinations shall ordinarily be held on such dates, time and place as the examining body may determine.

(3)

Every candidate for admission to an examination shall, at least 21 days before the date fixed for the commencement of the examination, send to the authority concerned his application in the prescribed form along with the examination fee.

(4)

The examining body shall as soon as may be after the examination publish a list of successful candidates.

(5)

Every candidate shall, on passing the examination, receive a certificate in the form prescribed by the examining body concerned.

(6)

If a candidate fails to pass in all the subjects within the prescribed four chances, he shall be required to prosecute a further course of study in all the subjects of and in all parts for one year to the satisfaction of the head of the college and appear for examination in all the subjects.
Provided that if a student appearing for Part-II BHMS examination has only one subject to pass at the end of prescribed chances, he shall be allowed to appear at the next examination in the particular subject and shall complete the examination with this special chance.

(7)

The examining body may, under exceptional circumstances partially or wholly cancel any examination conducted by it under intimation to the Central Council of Homoeopathy and arrange for conducting the re-examination in those subjects within a period of thirty days from the date of such cancellation.

(8)

Grace marks shall be awarded to the students only on exceptional circumstances on a general principle and norm fixed by the examining body from time to time"


9.

Examiners:

(i)

No person other than the holder of a Diploma obtained after 4 year's o of study or a Degree in Homoeopathy or a person possessing qualification included in the third schedule shall be appointed as internal or external examiner or paper-setter for the conduct of a professional examination for any of the B.H.M.S.(Graded Degree Course) course.

Provided that

 
(a)

no such person shall be appointed as an internal examiner unless he has at least three years teaching experience in the subject.

(b)

no person below the rank of Reader/Assistant Professor in the subject of a Degree level institutional shall be appointed as an internal examiner.

(c)

no person shall be appointed as an external examiner in any allied medical subject unless he possesses a recognized medical qualification as required for appointment to a teaching post in accordance with Annexure "E" of the Homoeopathy(Minimum Standard of Education) Regulations 1983.

(d)

external examiner shall be drawn only from the teaching staff of Homoeopathic Colleges and Colleges of Modern Medicine.

(e)

not more than one-third of the total number of external examiners shall be drawn from amongst practitioners in Homoeopathy or Modern Medicine who, in the opinion of the examining body, are practitioners of repute and who have obtained a Homoeopathic qualification or a medical qualification recognized under the Indian Medical Council, Act, 1956.

(f)

persons in Government employment may also be considered for appointment as external examiners provided they possess a medical qualification as specified in sub-regulation (e) above.

(g)

a paper-setter may be appointed as an internal or external examiner.

(ii)

The examining body may appoint a single moderator or moderators not exceeding three in number for the purpose of moderating question papers.

(iii)

Oral and practical examination shall as rule be conducted by the respective internal examiners with mutual co-operation. They shall each have 50% of the maximum marks out of which they shall allot marks to the candidates appearing at the examination according to their performance and the marks-sheets so prepared shall be signed by both the and External examiners. Either of the examiners shall the right to prepare and sign and send separate marks-sheet separately to the examining body together with his comments. The examining body shall take due note of such comments but it shall have declare results on the basis of the marks-sheet.

(iv)

Every Homoeopathic College shall provide all facilities to the internal and external examiners for the conduct of examinations, and the internal examiner shall make all preparation for holding the examination.

(v)

The external examiner shall have the right to communicate to the Examining body his views and observations about any shortcoming or in the facilities not provided by the Homoeopathic College.

(vi)

He shall also submit a copy of his communication to the Central Council for such action as the Central Council may consider fit.