• 04 Feb, 2023

Essay on Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas

Essay on Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas

In honor of Mahatma Gandhi, January 30 is also honored as Martyrs' Day or Shaheed Diwas. On March 23, the day of the martyrdom of three independence fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru the Punjabi government has proclaimed a public holiday.

Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas


India observes it on a number of days. The British hanged three courageous independence fighters on March 23, including Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar. In honor of Mahatma Gandhi, January 30 is also honored as Martyrs' Day or Shaheed Diwas. On March 23, the day of the martyrdom of three independence fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru the Punjabi government has proclaimed a public holiday. Bhagwant Mann, the chief minister of Punjab, stated that on this occasion, residents of Punjab can honor Shaheed Bhagat Singh by traveling to his birthplace of Khatkar Kalan.

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Shaheed Diwas


In honor of the three remarkable Indian revolutionaries who were hung by the British, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar, Martyr's Day, or Shaheed Diwas, is held on March 23. Martyr's Day, or Shaheed Diwas, is also observed on January 30 in honor of Mahatma Gandhi. The nation's founding father, Mahatma Gandhi, was murdered at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House on January 30, 1948.

Meaning of Martyrs' Day

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Martyrs Day is celebrated around the nation. To honor Mahatma Gandhi and other liberation warriors, this day is honored. To honor the memory of fallen freedom warriors, today is observed.

Additionally, the Indian Prime Minister and other political figures present floral tributes at Rajghat (the crematorium ground of Mahatma Gandhi). On this day, seminars, essay contests, and quiz competitions are held at schools and colleges all around the nation.

Why is March 23rd designated as Martyrs Day?


In honor of Mahatma Gandhi, 30 January is observed as Shaheed Diwas, or Martyr's Day, and 23 March is observed as Martyr's Day to honor the sacrifices made by three exceptional Indian liberation warriors. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were three national heroes who were executed by hanging on March 23 by the British.

Whether or not they followed a separate route from Mahatma Gandhi, they unquestionably gave their life in order to further the prosperity of our country. The young people of India find inspiration in them. They bravely fought for freedom at such an early age by coming forward. Martyr's Day is therefore held on March 23 in honor of these three revolutionaries.

Mahatma Gandhi
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Following are some of the contributions Mahatma Gandhi made to the world:
   • A novel philosophy and method called Satyagraha.
   • The idea is that all morality is one and that all people, organizations, and countries must have the same morals.
   • Insisting that the goals and means must be in line.

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   • He had no ideals, which he did not represent or was not actively working to do.
   • A readiness to sacrifice his life and suffer for his beliefs. His Satyagraha is the most important of these.
   • He promoted peace rather than violence and served as the head of numerous liberation movements around the nation.

Contribution of Sukhdev Thapar, Shivaram Rajguru, and Bhagat Singh
Revolutionary nationalists like Bhagat Singh and his allies desired a revolution of peasants and employees to combat colonial rule and the wealthy exploiting classes.


In 1928 at Ferozeshah Kotla in Delhi, they established the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) with this goal in mind.

According to their pamphlet, the goal was "to make the deaf hear" and remind the foreign government of its callous exploitation, not to kill.

Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar perished on March 23, 1931, while fighting for India's independence; today is commemorated as Martyrs' Day.

The three heroes were executed by the British in 1928 after they accused them of killing British officer John Saunders. They were afterward cremated on the bank of the Sutlej River.

At age 23, Bhagat Singh was put on trial and killed. Throughout the struggle for liberation, the youth were inspired by the revolutionary thoughts and attitudes of these three.

Saunders, a police officer who had directed a lathi charge that killed Lala Lajpat Rai, was assassinated by members of the HSRA. The loss of Lala Lajpat Rai on October 30, 1928, during a non-violent demonstration to against the Simon Commission, had a significant impact on Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru.

On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh detonated a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly with fellow nationalist B.K. Dutt.