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National Deworming Day 2023
National Deworming Day is celebrated annually on February 10 to raise awareness of the value of deworming for all kindergarten and school-age kids between the ages of 1 and 19 years. Deworming is carried out in schools and Anganwadi centers under the direction of the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India's government with the goal of "improving their general health, nutritional condition, access to education, and quality of life."
Why is National deworming Day celebrated?
Children who have worms have trouble absorbing nutrients, which can lead to anemia, malnutrition, and delayed development of the mind and body. In order to address this problem, the Indian government introduced National Deworming Day in 2015, which is a set day for deworming all children aged 1 to 19 at anganwadis and in schools.
It is marked on February 10 to increase awareness of the value of deworming, particularly for young children between the ages of 1 and 19. To decrease the occurrence of Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH), also known as parasitic intestinal worms, among all kids and adolescents, this day is observed.
National Deworming Day (NDD), which was introduced in 2015, is one of the biggest public health initiatives ever carried out on a single day, reaching millions of kids and teenagers each year through its two rounds of deworming.
What is The Theme of National Deworming Day 2022?
The goal of the day is to ensure that no child in India has worms. It is an effort of India's Ministry of Health and Family Wellbeing, Government of India. To "enhance their general health, nutritional condition, access to education, and quality of life," deworming is undertaken through the channels of school systems and Anganwadi centers.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 24% of people worldwide have helminth worm infections. Around 241 million Indian children between the ages of 1 and 14 are susceptible to helminths, or soil-transmitted parasitic worms.
What is The Purpose of Deworming?
With the help of school systems and Anganwadi Centers, National Deworming Day aims to deworm all prekindergarten and school-age children between the ages of 1 and 19 (enrolled and unenrolled) in order to enhance their general health, nutritional requirements, access to education, and quality of life.
WHO Guidelines for Deworming?
To promote the health and nutrition of children, the World Health Organization (WHO) issues recommendations for widespread deworming. This is the first scientific proof recommendation proving that deworming reduces and minimizes the depth (severity) of infections and enhances the health and nutrient intake of children, even though WHO has long advocated widespread treatment for intestinal worms.
According to Dr. Antonio Montresor, who oversees WHO's worldwide deworming program, "WHO aspires to eradicate the suffering caused by worms infections among kids by 2020 by routinely trying to treat at least 75% of the predicted 873 million school-aged in places where prevalence is high." 63% of children who needed treatment were attended to by WHO Member States in 2016. We are in a better position to achieve this goal now that the international community has established guidelines for deworming at-risk populations.
The greatest strategy to lessen the misery brought on by intestinal worms, according to the current worldwide consensus, is frequent, widespread deworming, claims Dr. Dirk Engels, director of WHO's Neglected Tropical Diseases division. These new recommendations have been released at a time when partners are assisting countries with endemic intestinal worms in increasing their control programs to treat both infected and at-risk individuals.
According to Dr. Francesco Branca, Director of the WHO's Department of Dietary Supplements for Health and Development, "improving basic hygiene, cleanliness, health education, and giving access to safe drinking water are also crucial to treating the health-related and nutritional issues caused by intestinal worms."
National Deworming Day Albendazole Dose
As specified by your doctor, use this medication as advised. Use it only as directed by your doctor, and don't take more of it, use it more frequently, or use it for longer than recommended. The likelihood of adverse effects may rise if you do this.
There are no additional actions or specific preparations required prior to, throughout, or just after albendazole treatment. To aid in improved absorption, take this medication with food, particularly foods high in fat.
The tablet can be broken or chewed, then taken with water. Your doctor will prescribe you additional medications (such as seizure medication or steroids) while you're taking this medication if you are using it to treat neurocysticercosis.
Take this medication for the entire prescribed period of time in order to assist your infection in totally clearing up. To completely cure some infections, further applications of this medication may be required at intervals of two weeks. Never skip a dose.
National Deworming Day Guidelines
On deworming day/mop-up day (MUD), the medication should not be administered to children who are ill or taking medication. These kids should be instructed to start taking Albendazole tablets once they feel better or after speaking with a doctor.
Evaluation and Monitoring
Block-level RBSK Mobile Medical Teams will keep an eye on how National Deworming Day is being observed in the real world. On both NDD and MUD, each group will visit a minimum of four schools or Anganwadi centers (Mop up day).
DDHS, DTTMO, DMCHO, and APM would be in charge of district monitoring.
Dedicated teams from the MoHFW, and GoI will supervise NDD activities by examining schools and Anganwadi Centers at random throughout States / UTs. This would be done by all State and local level officers of DPH & NHM.
National Deworming Day in India
The Health Ministry recently started conducting follow-up prevalence surveys under the direction of NCDC and partners in order to assess the effectiveness of the continuously conducted high-coverage NDD program. The High-Level Scientific Committee (HLSC), which was constituted by the Ministry, provided them with guidance. The follow-up polls have been finished as of this writing in 14 States. In the follow-up study compared to the baseline prevalence survey, all 14 States showed a decline, and the States of Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar showed a notable decline in worm prevalence.
As an illustration, the State of Chhattisgarh successfully completed 10 cycles of NDD as of this writing, and the prevalence significantly decreased from 74.6 in 2016 to 13.9 in 2018. Similar reductions have been noted in Sikkim, which has 9 rounds, from 80.4 in 2015 to 50.9 in 2019; smaller reductions have been recorded in Andhra Pradesh, which has 9 rounds altogether, from 36 in 2016 to 34.3 in 2019. According to the poll, Rajasthan, the State that only instituted an annual round due to a low benchmark of 21.1 in 2013, has experienced a considerable decline to the rate of less than 1% in 2019.
National Deworming Day Tablet
The optimum time to deworm is early in the morning on an empty stomach or drinking after dinner for approximately two hours. Modern dewormers do not require the user to be on an empty stomach before deworming, thus users can deworm at any time. Deworm Tablet is typically administered as a single dose when used to treat worm infections. To avoid re-infection, however, the doctor can advise repeating this dose after two weeks.
Give your youngster a deworming tablet by mouth. It can be administered with or without food, however, it is recommended to do so because it lessens the risk of an upset stomach. Always make sure to administer it in the manner and at the dosage recommended by the doctor. Deworm Tablet is typically administered as a single dose when used to treat worm infections. To avoid re-infection, however, the doctor can advise repeating this dose after two weeks.
You might need to give this medication to your child for a few days to weeks if they have a certain sort of infection. In these situations, administer the medication for the full number of days recommended because discontinuing it too soon could result in re-infection. Give the same dose again if your child vomits within 30 minutes of ingesting a deworming tablet.
Some of the frequent but brief adverse effects of this medication include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and a rise in temperature (fever). Blood cell abnormalities are a rare but dangerous side effect of Deworm Tablet. If any of these side effects linger or annoy you, or if your kid bleeds, let your doctor know.
National Deworming Program
Every year, National Deworming Days are observed on February 10 and August 10. (NDD).
The day's goal is to rid children in the age range of 1 to 19 years of intestinal worms, also known as Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH).
In government, government-aided, Anganwadi, private, and other educational institutions, children and adolescents receive one dose of the safe medication albendazole.
An evidence-based, widely accepted, and efficient method for reducing worm infections in all children is albendazole deworming.
Since its launch in 2015 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the NDD has reached millions of children and adolescents annually through its two NDD rounds. It is the greatest public health initiative ever to be carried out in a single day.
NDD is a crucial Anemia Mukt Bharat intervention. The Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Ministry of Human Resource Development work together to carry out the program.
The Swachh Bharat Mission's confluence with it is key to its success and impact. In order to support the work being done as part of the POSHAN Abhiyan, NDD also offers chances to advance the policy discussion on nutrition and health.